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AGMO alkylglycerol monooxygenase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 392636, updated on 17-Jun-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
AGMOprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
alkylglycerol monooxygenaseprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:33784
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000187546 MIM:613738
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
TMEM195
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a tetrahydrobiopterin- and iron-dependent enzyme that cleaves the ether bond of alkylglycerols. Sequence comparisons distinguish this protein as forming a third, distinct class of tetrahydrobiopterin-dependent enzymes. Variations in this gene have been associated with decreased glucose-stimulated insulin response, type 2 diabetes, and susceptibility to intracranial aneurysms. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]
Expression
Biased expression in liver (RPKM 8.7), small intestine (RPKM 2.1) and 4 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See AGMO in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7p21.2
Exon count:
21
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 7 NC_000007.14 (15117223..15562015, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (15239943..15601640, complement)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene diacylglycerol kinase beta Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375164 Neighboring gene general transcription factor IIIA pseudogene 5 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 14752 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375166 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2587 Neighboring gene mesenchyme homeobox 2

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe reactions involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and of the triacylglycerols and ketone bodies derived from them form a closely interrelated, coordinately regulated module that plays a central...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • Triglyceride Biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Triglyceride Biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystemThe overall process of triglyceride (triacylglycerol) biosynthesis consists of four biochemical pathways: fatty acyl-CoA biosynthesis, conversion of fatty acyl-CoA to phosphatidic acid, conversion of...

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ16237, MGC131748

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
glyceryl-ether monooxygenase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
glyceryl-ether monooxygenase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
glyceryl-ether monooxygenase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
iron ion binding IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ether lipid metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
membrane lipid metabolic process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
membrane lipid metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
oxidation-reduction process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
triglyceride biosynthetic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
endoplasmic reticulum IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
endoplasmic reticulum IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
integral component of membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
alkylglycerol monooxygenase
Names
glyceryl-ether monooxygenase
transmembrane protein 195
NP_001004320.1
XP_006715793.1
XP_006715794.1
XP_011513704.1
XP_016867693.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001004320.2NP_001004320.1  alkylglycerol monooxygenase

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001004320.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC091789, AK131284
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS34604.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q6ZNB7
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    X5D773
    Related
    ENSP00000341662.3, ENST00000342526.8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG3000
    Location:43255
    ERG3; Sterol desaturase/sphingolipid hydroxylase, fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily [Lipid transport and metabolism]
    pfam04116
    Location:120249
    FA_hydroxylase; Fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    15117223..15562015 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017012204.1XP_016867693.1  alkylglycerol monooxygenase isoform X3

  2. XM_011515402.3XP_011513704.1  alkylglycerol monooxygenase isoform X2

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG3000
    Location:43255
    ERG3; Sterol desaturase/sphingolipid hydroxylase, fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily [Lipid transport and metabolism]
    pfam04116
    Location:120249
    FA_hydroxylase; Fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily
  3. XM_006715731.3XP_006715794.1  alkylglycerol monooxygenase isoform X4

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG3000
    Location:43255
    ERG3; Sterol desaturase/sphingolipid hydroxylase, fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily [Lipid transport and metabolism]
    pfam04116
    Location:120249
    FA_hydroxylase; Fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily
  4. XM_006715730.1XP_006715793.1  alkylglycerol monooxygenase isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG3000
    Location:43255
    ERG3; Sterol desaturase/sphingolipid hydroxylase, fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily [Lipid transport and metabolism]
    pfam04116
    Location:120249
    FA_hydroxylase; Fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily

RNA

  1. XR_001744759.1 RNA Sequence

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