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RHOB ras homolog family member B [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 388, updated on 25-Nov-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
RHOBprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ras homolog family member Bprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:668
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000143878 MIM:165370
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ARH6; ARHB; RHOH6; MST081; MSTP081
Orthologs

Genomic context

See RHOB in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
2p24.1
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 2 NC_000002.12 (20447074..20449440)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (20646835..20649201)

Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373465 Neighboring gene RNA, 5S ribosomal pseudogene 86 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985856 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC102724948 Neighboring gene NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase complex assembly factor 2 pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide scan identifies TNIP1, PSORS1C1, and RHOB as novel risk loci for systemic sclerosis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr-expressing Jurkat T cell clones showed a significant upregulation of RhoB expression PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAndrogens, mainly testosterone and 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) play significant role in the growth and development of the male reproductive organs. These steroid hormones bring about their biolo...
  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (12/13) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe G12/13 family is probably the least well characterized subtype, partly because G12/13 coupling is difficult to determine when compared with the other subtypes which predominantly rely on assay te...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPVI-mediated activation cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe GPVI receptor is a complex of the GPVI protein with Fc epsilon R1 gamma (FcR). The Src family kinases Fyn and Lyn constitutively associate with the GPVI-FcR complex in platelets and initiate plat...
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGene regulatory network model of cranial neural crest cell (CNCC) development, adaped from PMID: 19575671. Most interactions in the model are proposed to regulate transcription of core factors involv...
  • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
  • RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystemRHO GTPases regulate cell behaviour by activating a number of downstream effectors that regulate cytoskeletal organization, intracellular trafficking and transcription (reviewed by Sahai and Marshall...
  • RHO GTPases Activate Formins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate Formins, organism-specific biosystemFormins are a family of proteins with 15 members in mammals, organized into 8 subfamilies. Formins are involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton. Many but not all formin family members are act...
  • RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs, organism-specific biosystemRHO associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinases ROCK1 and ROCK2 consist of a serine/threonine kinase domain, a coiled-coil region, a RHO-binding domain and a plekstrin homology (PH) domain int...
  • RHO GTPases Activate Rhotekin and Rhophilins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate Rhotekin and Rhophilins, organism-specific biosystemRhotekin (RTKN) is a protein with an N-terminally located RHO GTPase binding domain, that shares a limited sequence homology with PKNs and rhophilins. RTKN binds to GTP-bound RHOA, RHOB and RHOC and ...
  • RHO GTPases activate CIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases activate CIT, organism-specific biosystemCitron kinase (CIT) or citron RHO-interacting kinase (CRIK) shares similarities with ROCK kinases. Like ROCK, it consists of a serine/threonine kinase domain, a coiled-coil region, a RHO-binding doma...
  • RHO GTPases activate PKNs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases activate PKNs, organism-specific biosystemProtein kinases N (PKN), also known as protein kinase C-related kinases (PKR) feature a C-terminal serine/threonine kinase domain and three RHO-binding motifs at the N-terminus. RHO GTPases RHOA, RHO...
  • Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Rho GTPase cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cycling of Rho GTPases is tightly controlled by three classes of protein. These are (1) guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitors or GDIs, which maintain Rho proteins in an inactive state in the...
  • Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorin 4D (Sema 4D/CD100) is an axon guidance molecule with two disulfide-linked 150-kDa subunits. SEMA4D is structurally defined by a conserved 500-amino acid extracellular domain with 16 cyste...
  • Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystemSema4D-mediated attraction of endothelial cells requires Rho, but not R-Ras, signaling. Sema4D-mediated plexinB1 activation activates Rho and its downstream effector ROCK. ROCK then phosphorylates ML...
  • Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorins are a large family of cell surface and secreted guidance molecules divided into eight classes on the basis of their structures. They all have an N-terminal conserved sema domain. Semaphor...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystemThe Rho family of small guanine nucleotide binding proteins is one of five generally recognized branches of the Ras superfamily. Like most Ras superfamily members, typical Rho proteins function as bi...
  • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
GDP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
GTP binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTP binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Rho protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Rho protein signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
actin filament bundle assembly IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
actin filament organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
angiogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cell adhesion ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell migration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to hydrogen peroxide IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to ionizing radiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endosome to lysosome transport IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endothelial tube morphogenesis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
establishment or maintenance of actin cytoskeleton polarity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
intracellular protein transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mitotic cytokinesis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of cell cycle ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of cell migration IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of angiogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of apoptotic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of apoptotic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of endothelial cell migration IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell migration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell migration IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell shape IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cell cortex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cell division site IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cleavage furrow IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
early endosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endosome membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endosome membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
focal adhesion HDA PubMed 
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
late endosome membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleus ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
colocalizes_with plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoB
Names
Aplysia RAS-related homolog 6
h6
oncogene RHO H6
ras homolog gene family, member B
rho cDNA clone 6

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_004040.4NP_004031.1  rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoB precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004031.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC023137, AK124398, AK310813, CA443347
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1699.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P62745
    Related
    ENSP00000272233.4, ENST00000272233.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd01870
    Location:5179
    RhoA_like; Ras homology family A (RhoA)-like includes RhoA, RhoB and RhoC

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109.20190905

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    20447074..20449440
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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