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KRT18 keratin 18 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3875, updated on 16-Jun-2018
Official Symbol
KRT18provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
keratin 18provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:6430
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000111057 MIM:148070; Vega:OTTHUMG00000169882
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
K18; CK-18; CYK18
Summary
KRT18 encodes the type I intermediate filament chain keratin 18. Keratin 18, together with its filament partner keratin 8, are perhaps the most commonly found members of the intermediate filament gene family. They are expressed in single layer epithelial tissues of the body. Mutations in this gene have been linked to cryptogenic cirrhosis. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Broad expression in placenta (RPKM 258.0), colon (RPKM 230.1) and 15 other tissues See more
Orthologs
See KRT18 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q13.13
Exon count:
8
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 12 NC_000012.12 (52948871..52952901)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (53342655..53346690)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene keratin 78 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L7 pseudogene 41 Neighboring gene keratin 8 Neighboring gene KRT18 locus control region Neighboring gene eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4B Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC283335 Neighboring gene tensin 2

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Keratinization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Keratinization, organism-specific biosystemKeratins are the major structural protein of vertebrate epidermis, constituting up to 85% of a fully differentiated keratinocyte (Fuchs 1995). Keratins belong to a superfamily of intermediate filamen...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystemEnteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections [DS:H00278 H00277] is induction o...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, conserved biosystemEnteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections [DS:H00278 H00277] is induction o...
  • Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, organism-specific biosystemSources: [http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa05130.html KEGG]
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
RNA binding HDA PubMed 
cadherin binding involved in cell-cell adhesion HDA PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
scaffold protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
structural molecule activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi to plasma membrane CFTR protein transport IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
anatomical structure morphogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cell cycle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell-cell adhesion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cornification TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
hepatocyte apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
intermediate filament cytoskeleton organization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
keratinization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
viral process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cell periphery IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell-cell adherens junction HDA PubMed 
centriolar satellite IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
intermediate filament IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
keratin filament IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
microtubule organizing center IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleolus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
perinuclear region of cytoplasm IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Preferred Names
keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18
Names
cell proliferation-inducing gene 46 protein
cytokeratin 18
keratin 18, type I

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_008351.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5189..9031
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000224.2NP_000215.1  keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000215.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript. Variants 1 and 2 both encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC000180, CD106591, X12881
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS31809.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P05783
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024RAY2
    Related
    ENSP00000373487.3, OTTHUMP00000242378, ENST00000388835.3, OTTHUMT00000406405
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00038
    Location:79391
    Filament; Intermediate filament protein
  2. NM_199187.1NP_954657.1  keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_954657.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR compared to variant 1. Variants 1 and 2 both encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC000180, BG753529, CD106591, X12881
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS31809.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P05783
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A024RAY2
    Related
    ENSP00000373489.2, ENST00000388837.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam00038
    Location:79391
    Filament; Intermediate filament protein

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    52948871..52952901
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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