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INHBA inhibin subunit beta A [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3624, updated on 9-Oct-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
INHBAprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
inhibin subunit beta Aprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:6066
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000122641 MIM:147290
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
EDF; FRP
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate a subunit of the dimeric activin and inhibin protein complexes. These complexes activate and inhibit, respectively, follicle stimulating hormone secretion from the pituitary gland. The encoded protein also plays a role in eye, tooth and testis development. Elevated expression of this gene may be associated with cancer cachexia in human patients. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
Expression
Broad expression in endometrium (RPKM 12.3), gall bladder (RPKM 11.3) and 15 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See INHBA in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
7p14.1
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 7 NC_000007.14 (41685101..41710532, complement)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 7 NC_000007.13 (41724712..41742688, complement)

Chromosome 7 - NC_000007.14Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375247 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107986789 Neighboring gene INHBA antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107986788 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375248

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
A genome-wide search for loci interacting with known prostate cancer risk-associated genetic variants.
GeneReviews: Not available
Genome-wide association analyses of child genotype effects and parent-of-origin effects in specific language impairment.
GeneReviews: Not available
Genome-wide association studies of pit-and-fissure- and smooth-surface caries in permanent dentition.
GeneReviews: Not available
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies new susceptibility loci for migraine.
GeneReviews: Not available
Parent-of-origin-specific allelic associations among 106 genomic loci for age at menarche.
GeneReviews: Not available
Thirty new loci for age at menarche identified by a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies.
GeneReviews: Not available

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 upregulates the expression of inhibin, beta A (INHBA) in human B cells PubMed
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env A synthetic peptide corresponding to the immunosuppressive domain (amino acids 574-592) of HIV-1 gp41 upregulates the expression of inhibin, beta A (INHBA) in peptide-treated PBMCs PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates the expression of inhibin, beta A (INHBA) in human primary T cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • AC005027.3

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables cytokine activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables cytokine activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
enables growth factor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables hormone activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
enables identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables inhibin binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables peptide hormone binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables protein-containing complex binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enables type II activin receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in GABAergic neuron differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in SMAD protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in activin receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell differentiation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell surface receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to cholesterol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to follicle-stimulating hormone stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in defense response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in endodermal cell differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in erythrocyte differentiation NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in eyelid development in camera-type eye ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in hair follicle development IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in hemoglobin biosynthetic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in male gonad development IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in mesodermal cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of B cell differentiation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cell cycle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cell growth IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of cell population proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone secretion NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of interferon-gamma production TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of macrophage differentiation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of phosphorylation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in nervous system development NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in odontogenesis IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in ovarian follicle development IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in ovarian follicle development NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of erythrocyte differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone secretion TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of gene expression IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of ovulation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in progesterone secretion IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of cell cycle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone secretion IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
NOT involved_in response to wounding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in response to xenobiotic stimulus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in roof of mouth development IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
involved_in striatal medium spiny neuron differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
part_of activin A complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in extracellular region IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
is_active_in extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
part_of inhibin A complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in perinuclear region of cytoplasm IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
inhibin beta A chain
Names
FSH-releasing protein
Inhibin, beta-1
activin beta-A chain
erythroid differentiation factor
erythroid differentiation protein
follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing protein
inhibin beta A subunit
inhibin, beta A (activin A, activin AB alpha polypeptide)

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

NEW Try the new Transcript table

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_002192.4NP_002183.1  inhibin beta A chain preproprotein

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002183.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AA491465, AC005027, AK001903, AU137531, BC007858
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS5464.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P08476
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A4D1W7
    Related
    ENSP00000242208.4, ENST00000242208.5
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd19404
    Location:319426
    TGF_beta_INHBA; transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) like domain found in inhibin beta A chain (INHBA) and similar proteins
    cl02928
    Location:56236
    TGFb_propeptide; TGF-beta propeptide

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000007.14 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    41685101..41710532 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017012175.1XP_016867664.1  inhibin beta A chain isoform X2

  2. XM_017012176.1XP_016867665.1  inhibin beta A chain isoform X3

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P08476
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A4D1W7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd19404
    Location:319426
    TGF_beta_INHBA; transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) like domain found in inhibin beta A chain (INHBA) and similar proteins
    cl02928
    Location:56236
    TGFb_propeptide; TGF-beta propeptide
  3. XM_017012174.1XP_016867663.1  inhibin beta A chain isoform X1

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