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IL1A interleukin 1 alpha [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3552, updated on 4-Nov-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
IL1Aprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
interleukin 1 alphaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:5991
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000115008 MIM:147760; Vega:OTTHUMG00000131315
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
IL1; IL-1A; IL1F1; IL1-ALPHA
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the interleukin 1 cytokine family. This cytokine is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in various immune responses, inflammatory processes, and hematopoiesis. This cytokine is produced by monocytes and macrophages as a proprotein, which is proteolytically processed and released in response to cell injury, and thus induces apoptosis. This gene and eight other interleukin 1 family genes form a cytokine gene cluster on chromosome 2. It has been suggested that the polymorphism of these genes is associated with rheumatoid arthritis and Alzheimer's disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in testis (RPKM 5.2), esophagus (RPKM 4.6) and 7 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See IL1A in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
2q14.1
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 2 NC_000002.12 (112773915..112785398, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (113531492..113542971, complement)

Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC102724955 Neighboring gene 5'-nucleotidase domain containing 4 Neighboring gene cytoskeleton associated protein 2 like Neighboring gene interleukin 1 beta Neighboring gene X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis pseudogene 3

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genome-wide pharmacogenomic study of neurocognition as an indicator of antipsychotic treatment response in schizophrenia.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association scans for genetic susceptibility to endometriosis in Japanese population.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Infectious wild type HIV-1 production is enhanced by 293T cells over-expressing IL1A PubMed
Knockdown of interleukin 1, alpha (IL1A) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env Cytokines induced in vitro by HIV-1 gp120 in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) include interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and IFN-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-6, IL-10, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 increases the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and IL-1 in human cells PubMed
env Addition of HIV-1 gp120 to IL-1 treated human granulocytes or monocytes results in a slower movement that is chemokinetic (loss of directionality or random) in nature PubMed
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env IL-1 and TNF-alpha production are induced by the treatment of cells with HIV-1 gp160 PubMed
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env HIV-1 gp41 or gp120 synthetic peptides induce the production of interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF); in contrast, gp41 or gp120 synthetic peptides are able to depress the production of interferon (IFN)-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-2 PubMed
Tat tat IL1A is upregulated in HIV-1 Tat and NC cotransfection of HEK 293T cells PubMed
tat IL-1 stimulated NO production and iNOS mRNA expression are down-regulated by pretreatment with HIV-1 Tat-SOD fusion proteins in cultured chondrocytes PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates IL-1beta expression in a variety of cell types, including primary blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), Jurkat and microglia PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat downregulates IL-1alpha expression in Raji cells PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr upregulates the gene expression of IL1A in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells PubMed
nucleocapsid gag IL1A is upregulated in HIV-1 Tat and NC cotransfection of HEK 293T cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, organism-specific biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
  • AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, conserved biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a complex group of compounds produced through the non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, primarily due to aging and un...
  • Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates molecular interactions involved in the fundamental adaptive immune response for allograft destruction. This pathway was adapted in large part from the KEGG pathway http://www...
  • Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystemCellular senescence involves irreversible growth arrest accompanied by phenotypic changes such as enlarged morphology, reorganization of chromatin through formation of senescence-associated heterochr...
  • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Cytokines and Inflammatory Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Cytokines and Inflammatory Response, organism-specific biosystemInflammation is a protective response to infection by the immune system that requires communication between different classes of immune cells to coordinate their actions. Acute inflammation is an imp...
  • Fas Ligand (FasL) pathway and Stress induction of Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) regulation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Fas Ligand (FasL) pathway and Stress induction of Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) regulation, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes the Fas induced apoptosis and interplay with Hsp27 in response to stress. More info: [http://www.biocarta.com/pathfiles/h_hsp27Pathway.asp BioCarta].
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
  • Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGrowth factors and miRNA regulating differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) to various blood-related cell types. Note that myeloblasts branch off separately from erythrocytes and megakaryoc...
  • Hematopoietic cell lineage, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hematopoietic cell lineage, organism-specific biosystemBlood-cell development progresses from a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), which can undergo either self-renewal or differentiation into a multilineage committed progenitor cell: a common lymphoid proge...
  • Hematopoietic cell lineage, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hematopoietic cell lineage, conserved biosystemBlood-cell development progresses from a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), which can undergo either self-renewal or differentiation into a multilineage committed progenitor cell: a common lymphoid proge...
  • Hypertrophy Model, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Hypertrophy Model, organism-specific biosystem
    Hypertrophy Model
  • IL-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe IL-1 family of cytokines currently consists of 11 members which are encoded by distinct genes and includes IL-1?, IL-1?, and the IL-1 Receptor antagonist (IL-1RA). The major role of IL-1 type cyt...
  • IL1-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL1-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL1-mediated signaling events
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Interleukin-1 Induced Activation of NF-kappa-B, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Interleukin-1 Induced Activation of NF-kappa-B, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-1 Induced activation of NF-kB through the phosphorylated TRAF6/Ajuba/PKCz/SQST1 complex. The pathway is defined by multiple binding steps to the TRAF6/Ajuba/PKCz/SQST1 complex. The small ...
  • Interleukin-1 processing, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-1 processing, organism-specific biosystemThe IL-1 family of cytokines that interact with the Type 1 IL-1R include IL-1 Alpha (IL1A), IL-1 Beta (IL1B) and the IL-1 receptor antagonist protein (IL1RAP). IL1RAP is synthesized with a signal pep...
  • Interleukin-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin 1 (IL1) signals via Interleukin 1 receptor 1 (IL1R1), the only signaling-capable IL1 receptor. This is a single chain type 1 transmembrane protein comprising an extracellular ligand bindi...
  • Interleukin-10 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-10 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-10 (IL10) was originally described as a factor named cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor that inhibited T-helper (Th) 1 activation and Th1 cytokine production (Fiorentino et al. 1989). ...
  • Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 (IL4) is a principal regulatory cytokine during the immune response, crucially important in allergy and asthma (Nelms et al. 1999). When resting T cells are antigen-activated and expand...
  • Leishmaniasis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leishmaniasis, organism-specific biosystemLeishmania is an intracellular protozoan parasite of macrophages that causes visceral, mucosal, and cutaneous diseases. The parasite is transmitted to humans by sandflies, where they survive and prol...
  • Leishmaniasis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leishmaniasis, conserved biosystemLeishmania is an intracellular protozoan parasite of macrophages that causes visceral, mucosal, and cutaneous diseases. The parasite is transmitted to humans by sandflies, where they survive and prol...
  • MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • Measles, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, organism-specific biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • Measles, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, conserved biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Pertussis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pertussis, organism-specific biosystemPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Bordetella Pertussis. The characteristic symptoms are paroxysmal cough, inspiratory whe...
  • Pertussis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pertussis, conserved biosystemPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Bordetella Pertussis. The characteristic symptoms are paroxysmal cough, inspiratory whe...
  • Photodynamic therapy-induced NF-kB survival signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Photodynamic therapy-induced NF-kB survival signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce a pro-inflammatory and angiogenic response mediated by NF-?B.
  • Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
  • Prion diseases, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prion diseases, conserved biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
  • Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Salmonella infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, conserved biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Senescence and Autophagy in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Senescence and Autophagy in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSenescense and Autophagy Pathways in Cancer
  • Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP), organism-specific biosystemThe culture medium of senescent cells in enriched in secreted proteins when compared with the culture medium of quiescent i.e. presenescent cells and these secreted proteins constitute the so-called ...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • Simplified Depiction of MYD88 Distinct Input-Output Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Simplified Depiction of MYD88 Distinct Input-Output Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway is based on figure 7 from Li et al. Formation of MyD88 dimer catalyzes formation of IRAK1/TRAF6 complex. UEV1A and Ubc13 ubiquinate TRAF6 which allow for the activation of NFKB and AP-1 ...
  • Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Spinal Cord Injury, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that...
  • Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Structural Pathway of Interleukin 1 (IL-1), organism-specific biosystemPathway published in http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003470 IL-1 signaling pathway reconstructed by combining related pathways and information from the litera...
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Susceptibility Pathways, organism-specific biosystemIn this model, we provide an integrated view of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) at the level of implicated tissues, signaling networks and genetics. The purpose of this model is to serve as an ov...
  • T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    T-Cell antigen Receptor (TCR) Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) complex is composed of a ligand-binding subunit, the ? and ? chains, and a signaling subunit, namely the CD3?, ? and ? chains and the TCR? chain. This complex partic...
  • Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Tuberculosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, conserved biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
  • Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
  • a6b1 and a6b4 Integrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    a6b1 and a6b4 Integrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    a6b1 and a6b4 Integrin signaling

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
copper ion binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytokine activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-1 receptor binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cell proliferation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to heat IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
connective tissue replacement involved in inflammatory response wound healing IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
ectopic germ cell programmed cell death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
fever generation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
immune response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
inflammatory response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-1-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of cell proliferation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of angiogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of cell division IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of cytokine secretion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of gene expression IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of interleukin-2 biosynthetic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of mitotic nuclear division IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of protein secretion IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of signaling receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to copper ion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular space IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular space IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
interleukin-1 alpha
Names
IL-1 alpha
hematopoietin-1
preinterleukin 1 alpha
pro-interleukin-1-alpha

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_008850.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    4997..16480
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000575.4NP_000566.3  interleukin-1 alpha precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000566.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AA856674, AC079753, AK314850, BC035169, CA307202
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS2101.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P01583
    Related
    ENSP00000263339.3, OTTHUMP00000161990, ENST00000263339.3, OTTHUMT00000254084
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00125
    Location:129267
    IL1; Interleukin-1 homologues
    pfam02394
    Location:1107
    IL1_propep; Interleukin-1 propeptide

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    112773915..112785398 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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