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HDAC2 histone deacetylase 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3066, updated on 12-Aug-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
HDAC2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
histone deacetylase 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4853
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000196591 MIM:605164; Vega:OTTHUMG00000015411
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
HD2; RPD3; YAF1
Summary
This gene product belongs to the histone deacetylase family. Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes, and are responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues at the N-terminal regions of core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). This protein forms transcriptional repressor complexes by associating with many different proteins, including YY1, a mammalian zinc-finger transcription factor. Thus, it plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 14.8), endometrium (RPKM 10.6) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See HDAC2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
6q21
Exon count:
17
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 6 NC_000006.12 (113936156..113971195, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (114257320..114292359, complement)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1268 Neighboring gene uncharacterized FLJ34503 Neighboring gene HDAC2 and HS3ST5 antisense RNA 2 Neighboring gene nudix hydrolase 19 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene heparan sulfate-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 5 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein SA pseudogene 43

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat induces upregulation of HDAC2 expression and downregulation of CREB and CaMKIIa expression in human neuroblastoma SK-N-MC cells PubMed
tat The SIN3/HDAC complex, composed of SIN3A, SAP30, SAP18, HDAC-1 AND -2 and RbAp46/48 except SAP30, are identified to interact with HIV-1 Tat in Jurkat cell PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr depletes HDAC1, 2, 3 and 8 to overcome HIV-1 proviral latency in macrophages PubMed
vpr COUP-TF-interacting protein 2 (CTIP2) abolishes Vpr-mediated stimulation of p21 by cooperating with SUV39H1 and HDAC1/HDAC2 to silence the p21 gene transcription PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystemThe cell cycle is the series of events that takes place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). Regulation of the cell cycle involves processes crucial to the survival of a c...
  • Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, organism-specific biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Cell cycle, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell cycle, conserved biosystemMitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cycli...
  • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
  • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, organism-specific biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chronic myeloid leukemia, conserved biosystemChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of a pluripotent stem cell. The natural history of CML has a triphasic clinical course comprising of an initial chronic phase (C...
  • Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystemThis is currently not a pathway but a list of circadian rhythm related genes and proteins. The source for this information is the gene ontology. The genes and proteins were filtered for "circadian rh...
  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemWhen found in cis, HD and PEST domain mutations act synergistically, increasing NOTCH1 transcriptional activity up to ~40-fold, compared with up to ~10-fold and up to ~2-fold increase with HD mutatio...
  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemAs NOTCH1 PEST domain is intracellular, NOTCH1 PEST domain mutants are expected to behave as the wild-type NOTCH1 with respect to ligand binding and proteolytic cleavage mediated activation of signal...
  • Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem
    Direct p53 effectors
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Diseases of signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignaling processes are central to human physiology (e.g., Pires-da Silva & Sommer 2003), and their disruption by either germ-line and somatic mutation can lead to serious disease. Here, the molecula...
  • ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystemAbout half of the rRNA genes in the genome are actively expressed, being transcribed by RNA polymerase I (reviewed in Nemeth and Langst 2008, Bartova et al. 2010, Goodfellow and Zomerdijk 2012, Grumm...
  • Epigenetic regulation of gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Epigenetic regulation of gene expression, organism-specific biosystemEpigenetic processes regulate gene expression by modulating the frequency, rate, or extent of gene expression in a mitotically or meiotically heritable way that does not entail a change in the DNA se...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, organism-specific biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Epstein-Barr virus infection, conserved biosystemEpstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that is associated with oncogenesis. EBV infection to primary human B lymphocytes leads to induction of EBV-specific HLA-restricted cytotoxi...
  • Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production, organism-specific biosystemMegakaryocytes (MKs) give rise to circulating platelets (thrombocytes) through terminal differentiation of MKs which release cytoplasmic fragments as circulating platelets. As MKs mature they underg...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network, organism-specific biosystem
    Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network
  • HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemLysine deacetylases (KDACs), historically referred to as histone deacetylases (HDACs), are divided into the Rpd3/Hda1 metal-dependent 'classical HDAC family' (de Ruijter et al. 2003, Verdin et al. 2...
  • Hedgehog signaling events mediated by Gli proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Hedgehog signaling events mediated by Gli proteins, organism-specific biosystem
    Hedgehog signaling events mediated by Gli proteins
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • Huntington's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, conserved biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • Initiation of transcription and translation elongation at the HIV-1 LTR, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Initiation of transcription and translation elongation at the HIV-1 LTR, organism-specific biosystemFollowing cellular activation or drug treatment, NFAT and NF-kB translocate to the nucleus and bind sites at the HIV-1 LTR. NFAT and NF-kB recruit p300/CBP to the LTR, resulting in acetylation of his...
  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystemAging is a complex process of accumulation of molecular, cellular, and organ damage, leading to loss of function and increased vulnerability to disease and death. Despite the complexity of aging, rec...
  • NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystemNICD1 produced by activation of NOTCH1 in response to Delta and Jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) presented in trans, traffics to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription regulator. In the nucleus, NICD1 ...
  • Negative epigenetic regulation of rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Negative epigenetic regulation of rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystemTranscription of rRNA genes is controlled by epigenetic activation and repression (reviewed in McStay and Grummt 2008, Goodfellow and Zomerdijk 2012, Grummt and Langst 2013). About half of the roughl...
  • Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Neural Crest Differentiation, organism-specific biosystemGene regulatory network model of cranial neural crest cell (CNCC) development, adaped from PMID: 19575671. Most interactions in the model are proposed to regulate transcription of core factors involv...
  • NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystemOnly about half of the rRNA gene copies in a cell are expressed. The remaining copies are silenced by modifications to histones and DNA (reviewed in Santoro and Grummt 2001, Grummt 2007, Preuss and P...
  • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
  • Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Notch Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch pathway is an evolutionally conserved signaling pathway which plays an important role in diverse developmental and physiological processes. These include cell-fate determination, tissue pat...
  • Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Notch signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
  • Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Notch signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling mechanism essential for proper embryonic development in all metazoan organisms in the Animal kingdom. The Notch pro...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Positive epigenetic regulation of rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Positive epigenetic regulation of rRNA expression, organism-specific biosystemTranscription of rRNA genes is controlled by epigenetic activation and repression (reviewed in Percipalle and Farrants 2006, McStay and Grummt 2008, Goodfellow and Zomerdijk 2012, Grummt and Langst 2...
  • RNA Polymerase I Promoter Clearance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RNA Polymerase I Promoter Clearance, organism-specific biosystemPromoter clearance is one of the rate-limiting steps in Polymerase I transcription. This step is composed of three phases, promoter opening, transcription initiation and promoter escape.
  • RNA Polymerase I Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RNA Polymerase I Transcription, organism-specific biosystemThe rRNA genes are transcribed by RNA polymerase I, one of three eukaryotic nuclear RNA polymerases. The polymerase is a multisubunit complex, composed of two large subunits (the most conserved porti...
  • RNA Polymerase I Transcription Initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RNA Polymerase I Transcription Initiation, organism-specific biosystemDuring initiation the double-stranded DNA must be melted and transcription begins. SL1 forms and interacts with UBF-1 and the rDNA promoter. It is this platform that will recruit active RNA polymeras...
  • RNA Polymerase I, RNA Polymerase III, and Mitochondrial Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RNA Polymerase I, RNA Polymerase III, and Mitochondrial Transcription, organism-specific biosystemTranscription by RNA Polymerase I, RNA Polymerase III and transcription from mitochondrial promoters.
  • Regulation of TP53 Activity, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of TP53 Activity, organism-specific biosystemProtein stability and transcriptional activity of TP53 (p53) tumor suppressor are regulated by post-translational modifications that include ubiquitination, phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation,...
  • Regulation of TP53 Activity through Acetylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of TP53 Activity through Acetylation, organism-specific biosystemTranscriptional activity of TP53 is positively regulated by acetylation of several of its lysine residues. BRD7 binds TP53 and promotes acetylation of TP53 lysine residue K382 by acetyltransferase EP...
  • Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of Telomerase, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Telomerase
  • Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription
  • Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of nuclear SMAD2/3 signaling
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch Signaling Pathway (NSP) is a highly conserved pathway for cell-cell communication. NSP is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation, proliferation, and specification. For exam...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 functions as both a transmembrane receptor presented on the cell surface and as a transcriptional regulator in the nucleus.NOTCH1 receptor presented on the plasma membrane is activated by a me...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the heterodimerization domain (HD) and PEST domain of NOTCH1 are frequently found in cis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. While HD mutations alone result in up to ~10-fold increas...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 PEST domain mutations are frequently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). PEST domain mutations interfere with ubiquitination-mediated NOTCH1 downregulation and result in prol...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemHuman NOTCH1 was cloned as a chromosome 9 gene, translocated to the T-cell beta receptor (TCBR) promoter on chromosome 7 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Ellisen et al. 1991). This tra...
  • Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class I, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class I, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class I
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (encoded by the gene p53) is a transcription factor. Under stress conditions, it recognizes specific responsive DNA elements and thus regulates the transcription of many gen...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemBesides signalling through the tyrosine kinase receptors TRK A, B, and C, the mature neurotrophins NGF, BDNF, and NT3/4 signal through their common receptor p75NTR. NGF binding to p75NTR activates a ...
  • p75NTR negatively regulates cell cycle via SC1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    p75NTR negatively regulates cell cycle via SC1, organism-specific biosystemSC1 (Schwann Cell factor 1; also called PR domain zinc finger protein 4, PRDM4) interacts with an NGF:p75NTR complex and signals cell cycle arrest by regulating the levels of cyclin E.

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
NAD-dependent histone deacetylase activity (H3-K14 specific) IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
NF-kappaB binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
RNA binding HDA PubMed 
contributes_to RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding HDA PubMed 
contributes_to RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding HDA PubMed 
RNA polymerase II repressing transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
chromatin binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
deacetylase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
enzyme binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
heat shock protein binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
histone deacetylase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
histone deacetylase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
histone deacetylase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
histone deacetylase binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to nucleosomal DNA binding HDA PubMed 
promoter-specific chromatin binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein deacetylase activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling HDA PubMed 
behavioral response to ethanol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
blood coagulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cardiac muscle hypertrophy IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to dopamine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to heat IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to hydrogen peroxide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to retinoic acid IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to transforming growth factor beta stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chromatin remodeling IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
circadian regulation of gene expression ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
dendrite development ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
embryonic digit morphogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
epidermal cell differentiation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
eyelid development in camera-type eye ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
fungiform papilla formation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
hair follicle placode formation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
histone H3 deacetylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
histone H3 deacetylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone H4 deacetylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
histone H4 deacetylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone deacetylation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
maintenance of chromatin silencing IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of DNA binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of apoptotic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of dendritic spine development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of neuron projection development ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of peptidyl-lysine acetylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cell proliferation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of interleukin-1 production IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of proteolysis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to amphetamine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to caffeine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to cocaine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to hyperoxia IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to nicotine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transcription, DNA-templated IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
ESC/E(Z) complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
NuRD complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Sin3 complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Sin3-type complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
histone deacetylase complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nuclear chromatin HDA PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-containing complex HDA PubMed 
protein-containing complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
histone deacetylase 2
Names
YY1-associated factor 1
transcriptional regulator homolog RPD3
NP_001518.3
XP_016866288.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001527.3NP_001518.3  histone deacetylase 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001518.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the functional protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK296856, BC031055, FO393415
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS43493.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q92769
    Related
    ENSP00000430432.1, OTTHUMP00000017046, ENST00000519065.5, OTTHUMT00000041909
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd10011
    Location:9374
    HDAC2; Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2)
    pfam14797
    Location:393487
    SEEEED; Serine-rich region of AP3B1, clathrin-adaptor complex

RNA

  1. NR_033441.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) includes an additional internal exon in the 5' region, compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding due to the presence of upstream ORFs that are predicted to interfere with the translation of the longest ORF.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK097376, AK296856, AL590398, FO393415
  2. NR_073443.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) contains an alternate 5' exon, compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding due to the presence of an upstream ORF that is predicted to interfere with translation of the longest ORF; translation of the upstream ORF renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK092156, FO393415

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    113936156..113971195 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017010799.1XP_016866288.1  histone deacetylase 2 isoform X1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q92769
    Related
    ENSP00000430008.1, OTTHUMP00000227077, ENST00000519108.5, OTTHUMT00000379478
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam14797
    Location:363457
    SEEEED; Serine-rich region of AP3B1, clathrin-adaptor complex
    cl17011
    Location:1344
    Arginase_HDAC; Arginase-like and histone-like hydrolases
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