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RND1 Rho family GTPase 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 27289, updated on 11-Sep-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
RND1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
Rho family GTPase 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:18314
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000172602 MIM:609038
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ARHS; RHO6; RHOS
Summary
This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the Rho GTPase family. Members of this family regulate the organization of the actin cytoskeleton in response to extracellular growth factors. A similar protein in rat interacts with a microtubule regulator to control axon extension. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
Expression
Biased expression in liver (RPKM 28.4), brain (RPKM 15.0) and 9 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See RND1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q13.12
Exon count:
5
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 12 NC_000012.12 (48857145..48865870, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (49250916..49259653, complement)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101927241 Neighboring gene calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit beta 3 Neighboring gene DEAD-box helicase 23 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369755 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 600, pseudogene Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 27

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Large-scale genome-wide association analysis of bipolar disorder identifies a new susceptibility locus near ODZ4.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of Rho family GTPase 1 (RND1) by siRNA inhibits HIV-1 replication in HeLa P4/R5 cells PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Axon guidance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Axon guidance, conserved biosystemAxon guidance represents a key stage in the formation of neuronal network. Axons are guided by a variety of guidance factors, such as netrins, ephrins, Slits, and semaphorins. These guidance cues are...
  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • SEMA3A-Plexin repulsion signaling by inhibiting Integrin adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SEMA3A-Plexin repulsion signaling by inhibiting Integrin adhesion, organism-specific biosystemSema3A, a prototypical semaphorin, acts as a chemorepellent or a chemoattractant for axons by activating a receptor complex comprising neuropilin-1 as the ligand-binding subunit and plexin-A1 as the ...
  • Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D in semaphorin signaling, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorin 4D (Sema 4D/CD100) is an axon guidance molecule with two disulfide-linked 150-kDa subunits. SEMA4D is structurally defined by a conserved 500-amino acid extracellular domain with 16 cyste...
  • Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse, organism-specific biosystemSema4D-mediated attraction of endothelial cells requires Rho, but not R-Ras, signaling. Sema4D-mediated plexinB1 activation activates Rho and its downstream effector ROCK. ROCK then phosphorylates ML...
  • Sema4D mediated inhibition of cell attachment and migration, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Sema4D mediated inhibition of cell attachment and migration, organism-specific biosystemRepulsive Sema4D-Plexin-B1 signaling involves four GTPases, Rnd1, R-Ras, Rho and Rac1. Sema4D-Plexin-B1 binding promotes Rnd1-dependent activation of the plexin-B1 GAP domain and transient suppressio...
  • Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Semaphorin interactions, organism-specific biosystemSemaphorins are a large family of cell surface and secreted guidance molecules divided into eight classes on the basis of their structures. They all have an N-terminal conserved sema domain. Semaphor...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • FLJ42294

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
GTP binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
signaling receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Rho protein signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
actin filament bundle assembly IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
actin filament organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
actin filament organization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
establishment or maintenance of actin cytoskeleton polarity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of cell adhesion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
neuron remodeling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell migration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell shape IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
actin cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
adherens junction IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cell cortex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cell division site IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
colocalizes_with plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
rho-related GTP-binding protein Rho6
Names
ras homolog gene family, member S

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_014470.4NP_055285.1  rho-related GTP-binding protein Rho6 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_055285.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL359573, BC026356, N79562
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8771.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q92730
    Related
    ENSP00000308461.5, ENST00000309739.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd04174
    Location:1232
    Rnd1_Rho6; Rnd1/Rho6 GTPases

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    48857145..48865870 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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