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FGF21 fibroblast growth factor 21 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 26291, updated on 26-Jul-2021

Summary

Official Symbol
FGF21provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
fibroblast growth factor 21provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:3678
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000105550 MIM:609436
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
Theis gene encodes a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family. FGF family members possess broad mitogenic and cell survival activities and are involved in a variety of biological processes. This protein is a secreted endocrine factor that functions as a major metabolic regulator. The encoded protein stimulates the uptake of glucose in adipose tissue. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016]
Expression
Restricted expression toward liver (RPKM 3.0) See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See FGF21 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
19q13.33
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20210514 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 19 NC_000019.10 (48755524..48758330)
105.20201022 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (49258781..49261587)

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene CRISPRi-FlowFISH-validated FUT1 regulatory element Neighboring gene izumo sperm-egg fusion 1 Neighboring gene fucosyltransferase 1 (H blood group) Neighboring gene FGF21/FUT1 promoter region Neighboring gene CRISPRi-FlowFISH-validated FUT1 regulatory element Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 317, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Phenotypes

Associated conditions

Description Tests
Common genetic loci influencing plasma homocysteine concentrations and their effect on risk of coronary artery disease.
GeneReviews: Not available
Four novel Loci (19q13, 6q24, 12q24, and 5q14) influence the microcirculation in vivo.
GeneReviews: Not available
Genome-wide meta-analysis of observational studies shows common genetic variants associated with macronutrient intake.
GeneReviews: Not available
Large-scale genome-wide association analysis of bipolar disorder identifies a new susceptibility locus near ODZ4.
GeneReviews: Not available
Novel locus including FGF21 is associated with dietary macronutrient intake.
GeneReviews: Not available

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables fibroblast growth factor receptor binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables growth factor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in animal organ morphogenesis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell differentiation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in cellular response to drug IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to glucagon stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to glucose stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in cellular response to low-density lipoprotein particle stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in endothelial cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in negative regulation of neuron death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of MAPKKK cascade by fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in positive regulation of cell population proliferation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of cold-induced thermogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of gene expression IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of glucose import IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
acts_upstream_of positive regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of protein phosphorylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
involved_in positive regulation of triglyceride catabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in regulation of cell migration IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
acts_upstream_of regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle clearance NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in response to activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to methionine IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in response to nutrient levels IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
involved_in signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
is_active_in cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
located_in extracellular region TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
is_active_in extracellular space IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
fibroblast growth factor 21

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_033945.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    4438..7244
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_019113.4NP_061986.1  fibroblast growth factor 21 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_061986.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC009002, BC018404
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12734.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q9NSA1
    Related
    ENSP00000471477.1, ENST00000593756.6
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl00060
    Location:47159
    FGF; Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factor family; FGFs are mitogens, which stimulate growth or differentiation of cells of mesodermal or neuroectodermal origin. The family plays essential roles in patterning and differentiation during vertebrate ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20210514

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    48755524..48758330
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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