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GABRG1 gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit gamma1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 2565, updated on 27-Nov-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
GABRG1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit gamma1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4086
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000163285 MIM:137166
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ligand-gated ionic channel family. It is an integral membrane protein and plays an important role in inhibiting neurotransmission by binding to the benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. This gene is clustered with three other family members on chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Restricted expression toward brain (RPKM 11.0) See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See GABRG1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
4p12
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 4 NC_000004.12 (46035769..46124054, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (46037786..46126082, complement)

Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 931, pseudogene Neighboring gene RN7SK pseudogene 199 Neighboring gene gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit alpha2 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 412, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
  • GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
  • Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
  • Morphine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Morphine addiction, conserved biosystemMorphine is an alkaloid from the plant extracts of opium poppy. Although morphine is highly effective for the treatment of pain, it is also known to be intensely addictive. We now know that the most ...
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
  • Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
  • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
  • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC33838, DKFZp686H2042

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
GABA receptor binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
contributes_to GABA-A receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GABA-gated chloride ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to benzodiazepine receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chloride channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to chloride channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
transmitter-gated ion channel activity involved in regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
chemical synaptic transmission IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chloride transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ion transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nervous system process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
synaptic transmission, GABAergic IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
GABA-A receptor complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cell junction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chloride channel complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
dendrite membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
neuron projection IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
postsynapse IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
postsynaptic membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
synapse IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1
Names
GABA(A) receptor subunit gamma-1
GABA(A) receptor, gamma
gamma-1 polypeptide
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, gamma 1
gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor gamma1 subunit

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_046964.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5012..93297
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_173536.4NP_775807.2  gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_775807.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC095058, AK122845
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3470.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q8N1C3
    Related
    ENSP00000295452.4, ENST00000295452.5
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl27321
    Location:66462
    Neur_chan_LBD; Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel ligand binding domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109.20190905

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    46035769..46124054 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_017007990.2XP_016863479.1  gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1 isoform X1

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