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GABRA3 gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit alpha3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 2556, updated on 21-Dec-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
GABRA3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit alpha3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4077
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000011677 MIM:305660
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Summary
GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Expression
Biased expression in brain (RPKM 11.7) and placenta (RPKM 1.8) See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See GABRA3 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
Xq28
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20191205 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) X NC_000023.11 (152166234..152451341, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) X NC_000023.10 (151334706..151619831, complement)

Chromosome X - NC_000023.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373369 Neighboring gene MAGEA10-MAGEA5 readthrough Neighboring gene MAGE family member A5 Neighboring gene MAGE family member A10 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 764, pseudogene Neighboring gene microRNA 105-1 Neighboring gene microRNA 105-2 Neighboring gene microRNA 767 Neighboring gene keratin 8 pseudogene 8 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373370 Neighboring gene gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunit theta

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC33793

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
contributes_to GABA-A receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GABA-gated chloride ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to benzodiazepine receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chloride channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to chloride channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
transmitter-gated ion channel activity involved in regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
chemical synaptic transmission IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
chloride transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
ion transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
nervous system process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
signal transduction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
synaptic transmission, GABAergic IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
GABA-A receptor complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GABA-ergic synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell junction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chloride channel complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
dendrite membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
integral component of postsynaptic specialization membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neuron projection IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
postsynapse IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
synapse IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3
Names
GABA(A) receptor subunit alpha-3
GABA(A) receptor, alpha 3
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 3
gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor alpha3 subunit
gamma-animobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 3

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_007102.2 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5044..290125
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000808.4NP_000799.1  gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3 precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000799.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC116666, BC028629, DA402645, S62908
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS14706.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P34903
    Related
    ENSP00000359337.4, ENST00000370314.9
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl27321
    Location:69478
    Neur_chan_LBD; Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel ligand binding domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.20191205

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000023.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    152166234..152451341 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006724811.3XP_006724874.1  gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3 isoform X1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam02931
    Location:68275
    Neur_chan_LBD; Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel ligand binding domain
    pfam02932
    Location:282310
    Neur_chan_memb; Neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel transmembrane region
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