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ADRB2 adrenoceptor beta 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 154, updated on 13-Jan-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
ADRB2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
adrenoceptor beta 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:286
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000169252 MIM:109690
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
BAR; B2AR; ADRBR; ADRB2R; BETA2AR
Summary
This gene encodes beta-2-adrenergic receptor which is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. This receptor is directly associated with one of its ultimate effectors, the class C L-type calcium channel Ca(V)1.2. This receptor-channel complex also contains a G protein, an adenylyl cyclase, cAMP-dependent kinase, and the counterbalancing phosphatase, PP2A. The assembly of the signaling complex provides a mechanism that ensures specific and rapid signaling by this G protein-coupled receptor. This gene is intronless. Different polymorphic forms, point mutations, and/or downregulation of this gene are associated with nocturnal asthma, obesity and type 2 diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ADRB2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
5q32
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 5 NC_000005.10 (148826593..148828634)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (148206156..148254628)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107986462 Neighboring gene 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105378221 Neighboring gene SH3 domain and tetratricopeptide repeats 2 Neighboring gene RNA, U6 small nuclear 732, pseudogene Neighboring gene microRNA 584

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Adrenoceptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adrenoceptors, organism-specific biosystemThe adrenoceptors (adrenergic receptors) are targets for the catecholamines adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine). These receptors are widespread in the body and binding of cate...
  • Amine ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Amine ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThe class A (rhodopsin-like) GPCRs that bind to classical biogenic amine ligands are annotated here. The amines involved (acetylcholine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and histamine)...
  • Arf6 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Arf6 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    Arf6 signaling events
  • Arf6 trafficking events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Arf6 trafficking events, organism-specific biosystem
    Arf6 trafficking events
  • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
  • Cargo recognition for clathrin-mediated endocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cargo recognition for clathrin-mediated endocytosis, organism-specific biosystemRecruitment of plasma membrane-localized cargo into clathrin-coated endocytic vesicles is mediated by interaction with a variety of clathrin-interacting proteins collectively called CLASPs (clathrin-...
  • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
  • Clathrin-mediated endocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Clathrin-mediated endocytosis, organism-specific biosystemClathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is one of a number of process that control the uptake of material from the plasma membrane, and leads to the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles (Pearse et al, 1...
  • Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Deubiquitination, organism-specific biosystemUbiquitination, the modification of proteins by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub), is a key regulatory mechanism for many many cellular processes, including protein degradation by the 26S pro...
  • Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • Endocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, conserved biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe general function of the G alpha (s) subunit (Gs) is to activate adenylate cyclase, which in turn produces cAMP, leading to the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinases (often referred to col...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
  • GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was created using the GPCRDB (Horn et al., 1998), http://www.gpcr.org/7tm/ (originally at http://www.cmbi.kun.nl/7tm/). The groupings are based on the GPCR phylogenetic tree available fr...
  • GPCRs, Other, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    GPCRs, Other, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was created using the GPCRDB (Horn et al., 1998), http://www.gpcr.org/7tm/ (originally at http://www.cmbi.kun.nl/7tm/). The groupings are based on the GPCR phylogenetic tree available fr...
  • Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystemThe secretory membrane system allows a cell to regulate delivery of newly synthesized proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids to the cell surface, a necessity for growth and homeostasis. The system is ma...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Monoamine GPCRs, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Monoamine GPCRs, organism-specific biosystem
    Monoamine GPCRs
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystemLipolysis in adipocytes, the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol (TAG) to release fatty acids (FAs) and glycerol for use by other organs as energy substrates, is a unique function of white adipose tissue. ...
  • Renin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renin secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe aspartyl-protease renin is the key regulator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is critically involved in extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure homeostasis of the body. R...
  • Renin secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Renin secretion, conserved biosystemThe aspartyl-protease renin is the key regulator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is critically involved in extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure homeostasis of the body. R...
  • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ub-specific processing proteases, organism-specific biosystemUb-specific processing proteases (USPs) are the largest of the DUB families with more than 50 members in humans. The USP catalytic domain varies considerably in size and consists of six conserved mo...
  • Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemThe transit of proteins and other cargo through the cell requires a cellular transport process in which transported substances are moved in membrane-bounded vesicles. Transported substances are enclo...
  • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
adenylate cyclase binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
adrenergic receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
amyloid-beta binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
beta2-adrenergic receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
beta2-adrenergic receptor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
beta2-adrenergic receptor activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
epinephrine binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
norepinephrine binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
potassium channel regulator activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-containing complex binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
activation of adenylate cyclase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
activation of transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-activating adrenergic receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-modulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adrenergic receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
bone resorption IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
brown fat cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell surface receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to amyloid-beta IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
desensitization of G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway by arrestin IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
diet induced thermogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endosome to lysosome transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
heat generation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane organization TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of multicellular organism growth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of smooth muscle contraction IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
norepinephrine-epinephrine-mediated vasodilation involved in regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of AMPA receptor activity IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of MAPK cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of autophagosome maturation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of bone mineralization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of cold-induced thermogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of lipophagy IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of mini excitatory postsynaptic potential IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of protein kinase A signaling IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of protein ubiquitination IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein deubiquitination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
receptor-mediated endocytosis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of sodium ion transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to cold IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to psychosocial stress TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
apical plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
clathrin-coated vesicle membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
early endosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endosome TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
endosome membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
integral component of plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
lysosome TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
membrane NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
receptor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
beta-2 adrenergic receptor
Names
adrenergic, beta-2-, receptor, surface
adrenoceptor beta 2 surface
beta-2 adrenoceptor
beta-2 adrenoreceptor
catecholamine receptor

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_016421.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    5001..7042
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000024.5NP_000015.1  beta-2 adrenergic receptor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000015.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AA886615, BC012481, BC073856, DA705141, M15169
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4292.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P07550
    Related
    ENSP00000305372.4, ENST00000305988.5
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam00001
    Location:50326
    7tm_1; 7 transmembrane receptor (rhodopsin family)
    cl21561
    Location:48340
    7tm_4; Olfactory receptor

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    148826593..148828634
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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