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ADRA2C adrenoceptor alpha 2C [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 152, updated on 12-Oct-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
ADRA2Cprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
adrenoceptor alpha 2Cprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:283
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000184160 MIM:104250
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ADRA2L2; ADRARL2; ADRA2RL2; ALPHA2CAR
Summary
Alpha-2-adrenergic receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. They include 3 highly homologous subtypes: alpha2A, alpha2B, and alpha2C. These receptors have a critical role in regulating neurotransmitter release from sympathetic nerves and from adrenergic neurons in the central nervous system. The mouse studies revealed that both the alpha2A and alpha2C subtypes were required for normal presynaptic control of transmitter release from sympathetic nerves in the heart and from central noradrenergic neurons. The alpha2A subtype inhibited transmitter release at high stimulation frequencies, whereas the alpha2C subtype modulated neurotransmission at lower levels of nerve activity. This gene encodes the alpha2C subtype, which contains no introns in either its coding or untranslated sequences. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orthologs

Genomic context

See ADRA2C in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
4p16.3
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20190905 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 4 NC_000004.12 (3766385..3768526)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (3768296..3770253)

Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2171 Neighboring gene long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2600 Neighboring gene olfactory receptor family 7 subfamily E member 163 pseudogene Neighboring gene olfactory receptor family 7 subfamily E member 162 pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adrenaline signalling through Alpha-2 adrenergic receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adrenaline signalling through Alpha-2 adrenergic receptor, organism-specific biosystemAdrenaline (epinephrine) signalling via the alpha-2 adrenergic receptor has many effects including inhibition of insulin release in pancreas, iinduction of glucagon release from pancreas, contraction...
  • Adrenaline,noradrenaline inhibits insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adrenaline,noradrenaline inhibits insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe catecholamines adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) inhibit insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells. Four effects are seen in the cells:1. Inhibition of exocytosis of ...
  • Adrenoceptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adrenoceptors, organism-specific biosystemThe adrenoceptors (adrenergic receptors) are targets for the catecholamines adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine). These receptors are widespread in the body and binding of cate...
  • Amine ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Amine ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystemThe class A (rhodopsin-like) GPCRs that bind to classical biogenic amine ligands are annotated here. The amines involved (acetylcholine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and histamine)...
  • Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystemRhodopsin-like receptors (class A/1) are the largest group of GPCRs and are the best studied group from a functional and structural point of view. They show great diversity at the sequence level and ...
  • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
  • G alpha (z) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (z) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe heterotrimeric G protein Gz, is a member of the Gi family. Unlike other Gi family members it lacks an ADP ribosylation site cysteine four residues from the carboxyl terminus and is thus pertussis...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystemThere are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all...
  • GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway was created using the GPCRDB (Horn et al., 1998), http://www.gpcr.org/7tm/ (originally at http://www.cmbi.kun.nl/7tm/). The groupings are based on the GPCR phylogenetic tree available fr...
  • Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Hemostasis, organism-specific biosystemHemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhe...
  • Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMany hormones that affect individual physiological processes including the regulation of appetite, absorption, transport, and oxidation of foodstuffs influence energy metabolism pathways. While insul...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Monoamine GPCRs, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Monoamine GPCRs, organism-specific biosystem
    Monoamine GPCRs
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Platelet Aggregation (Plug Formation), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet Aggregation (Plug Formation), organism-specific biosystemThe tethering of platelets to the site of vascular injury is the first step in the formation of a platelet thrombus. Firm adhesion of these tethered platelets, as well as the additional recruitment o...
  • Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet activation begins with the initial binding of adhesive ligands and of the excitatory platelet agonists (released or generated at the sites of vascular trauma) to cognate receptors on the pla...
  • Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells integrate signals from several metabolites and hormones to control the secretion of insulin. In general, glucose triggers insulin secretion while other factors can amplify or in...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Surfactant metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Surfactant metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe alveolar region of the lung creates an extensive epithelial surface that mediates the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide required for respiration after birth. Type I epithelial cells form the ...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
adrenergic receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
alpha-2A adrenergic receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
alpha2-adrenergic receptor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
epinephrine binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
activation of protein kinase B activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-activating adrenergic receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adenylate cyclase-modulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
adrenergic receptor signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cell-cell signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
female pregnancy IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of epinephrine secretion NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of norepinephrine secretion NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of norepinephrine secretion TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of uterine smooth muscle contraction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
platelet activation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of MAPK cascade IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of neuron differentiation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of vasoconstriction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
receptor transactivation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of insulin secretion TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of sensory perception of pain IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
axon terminus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endosome TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
glutamatergic synapse IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
integral component of plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
integral component of postsynaptic density membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neuronal cell body IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
alpha-2C adrenergic receptor
Names
adrenergic, alpha-2C-, receptor
alpha-2 adrenergic receptor subtype C4
alpha-2C adrenoceptor
alpha-2C adrenoreceptor
alpha-2CAR
alpha2-AR-C4

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_012640.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    4817..6958
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000683.4NP_000674.2  alpha-2C adrenergic receptor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000674.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC141928
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47004.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18825
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q4W594
    Related
    ENSP00000386069.2, ENST00000330055.7
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam00001
    Location:68437
    7tm_1; 7 transmembrane receptor (rhodopsin family)
    cl21561
    Location:60184
    7tm_4; Olfactory receptor

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109.20190905

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    3766385..3768526
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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