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DYNLL2 dynein light chain LC8-type 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 140735, updated on 6-Jan-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
DYNLL2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
dynein light chain LC8-type 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:24596
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000264364 MIM:608942
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
Dlc2; DNCL1B; RSPH22
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in brain (RPKM 120.2), kidney (RPKM 90.1) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See DYNLL2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
17q22
Exon count:
3
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 17 NC_000017.11 (58083419..58090257)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (56160780..56167618)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105371840 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101927666 Neighboring gene olfactory receptor family 4 subfamily D member 1 Neighboring gene msh homeobox 2 pseudogene 1

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation of BH3-only proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of BH3-only proteins, organism-specific biosystemThe BH3-only members act as sentinels that selectively trigger apoptosis in response to developmental cues or stress-signals like DNA damages. Widely expressed mammalian BH3-only proteins are thought...
  • Activation of BMF and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of BMF and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystemIn healthy cells, BMF is bound to the myosin V motor complex through its interaction with DLC2. UV irradiation or anoikis induces MAPK8 (JNK) to phosphorylate Dynein Light Chain 2 (DLC2) to release B...
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Asparagine N-linked glycosylation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Asparagine N-linked glycosylation, organism-specific biosystemN-linked glycosylation is the most important form of post-translational modification for proteins synthesized and folded in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (Stanley et al. 2009). An early study in 1999 rev...
  • COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic, organism-specific biosystemIn addition to the better characterized COPI-dependent retrograde Golgi-to-ER pathway, a second COPI-independent pathway has also been identified. This pathway is RAB6 dependent and transports cargo...
  • COPI-mediated anterograde transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    COPI-mediated anterograde transport, organism-specific biosystemThe ERGIC (ER-to-Golgi intermediate compartment, also known as vesicular-tubular clusters, VTCs) is a stable, biochemically distinct compartment located adjacent to ER exit sites (Ben-Tekaya et al, 2...
  • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
  • Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cilium Assembly, organism-specific biosystemCilia are membrane covered organelles that extend from the surface of eukaryotic cells. Cilia may be motile, such as respiratory cilia) or non-motile (such as the primary cilium) and are distinguishe...
  • ER to Golgi Anterograde Transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ER to Golgi Anterograde Transport, organism-specific biosystemSecretory cargo destined to be secreted or to arrive at the plasma membrane (PM) leaves the ER via distinct exit sites. This cargo is destined for the Golgi apparatus for further processing.
  • Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport, organism-specific biosystemRetrograde traffic from the cis-Golgi to the ERGIC or the ER occurs through either COPI-coated vesicles or through a less well characterized RAB6-dependent route that makes use of tubular carriers (r...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Intra-Golgi and retrograde Golgi-to-ER traffic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intra-Golgi and retrograde Golgi-to-ER traffic, organism-specific biosystemThe mammalian Golgi complex, a central hub of both anterograde and retrograde trafficking, is a ribbon of stacked cisterna with biochemically distinct compartments (reviewed in Glick and Nakano, 2009...
  • Intraflagellar transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intraflagellar transport, organism-specific biosystemIntraflagellar transport (IFT) is a motor-based process that controls the anterograde and retrograde transport of large protein complexes, ciliary cargo and structural components along the ciliary ax...
  • Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemThe intrinsic (Bcl-2 inhibitable or mitochondrial) pathway of apoptosis functions in response to various types of intracellular stress including growth factor withdrawal, DNA damage, unfolding stress...
  • MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MHC class II antigen presentation, organism-specific biosystemAntigen presenting cells (APCs) such as B cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes/macrophages express major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC II) at their surface and present exog...
  • Macroautophagy, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Macroautophagy, organism-specific biosystemMacroautophagy (hereafter referred to as autophagy) acts as a buffer against starvation by liberating building materials and energy sources from cellular components. It has additional roles in embryo...
  • Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Membrane Trafficking, organism-specific biosystemThe secretory membrane system allows a cell to regulate delivery of newly synthesized proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids to the cell surface, a necessity for growth and homeostasis. The system is ma...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post-translational protein modification, organism-specific biosystemAfter translation, many newly formed proteins undergo further covalent modifications that alter their functional properties and that are essentially irreversible under physiological conditions in the...
  • Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystemCell death is a fundamental cellular response that has a crucial role in shaping our bodies during development and in regulating tissue homeostasis by eliminating unwanted cells. There are a number o...
  • Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification, organism-specific biosystemAt least two mechanisms of transport of proteins from the ER to the Golgi have been described. One is a general flow requiring no export signals (Wieland et al, 1987; Martinez-Menarguez et al, 1999)....
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Vesicle-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystemThe transit of proteins and other cargo through the cell requires a cellular transport process in which transported substances are moved in membrane-bounded vesicles. Transported substances are enclo...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC17810

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
contributes_to ATP-dependent microtubule motor activity, plus-end-directed IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
dynein intermediate chain binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
dynein light intermediate chain binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein homodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
scaffold protein binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
centrosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ciliary tip TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cilium TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cytoplasmic dynein complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
dynein complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
glutamatergic synapse EXP
Inferred from Experiment
more info
PubMed 
glutamatergic synapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
membrane HDA PubMed 
microtubule IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
myosin V complex ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
nucleus HDA PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
postsynapse EXP
Inferred from Experiment
more info
PubMed 
postsynapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
postsynaptic density IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmic
Names
8 kDa dynein light chain b
DLC8b
radial spoke 22 homolog

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_080677.3NP_542408.1  dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmic

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_542408.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AC015813, BC010744, BF528423, CN280282, DA140058, DB022843
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11601.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q96FJ2
    Related
    ENSP00000477310.1, ENST00000579991.2
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00059
    Location:189
    PTZ00059; dynein light chain; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    58083419..58090257
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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