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MRPL10 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L10 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 124995, updated on 23-Nov-2023

Summary

Official Symbol
MRPL10provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L10provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:14055
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000159111 MIM:611825; AllianceGenome:HGNC:14055
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
L10MT; MRPL8; RPML8; uL10m; MRP-L8; MRP-L10
Summary
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Sequence analysis identified three transcript variants that encode two different isoforms. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 5q. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in ovary (RPKM 25.7), heart (RPKM 18.3) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs
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Genomic context

See MRPL10 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
17q21.32
Exon count:
6
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 17 NC_000017.11 (47823272..47831541, complement)
RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 17 NC_060941.1 (48685040..48693314, complement)
105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (45900638..45908907, complement)

Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene TBX21 promoter region Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 8640 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 12316 Neighboring gene T-box transcription factor 21 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45855331-45855844 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45866576-45867378 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45867379-45868179 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45885766-45886266 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45886267-45886767 Neighboring gene oxysterol binding protein like 7 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr17:45899123-45899338 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 12317 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45907489-45908320 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45908321-45909150 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45914101-45914648 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45918111-45918666 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 12319 Neighboring gene leucine rich repeat containing 46 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45924483-45925091 Neighboring gene secernin 2 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr17:45931158-45931349 Neighboring gene Sp6 transcription factor Neighboring gene BRD4-independent group 4 enhancer GRCh37_chr17:45944035-45945234

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of mitochondrial ribosomal protein L10 (MRPL10) by siRNA inhibits the early stages of HIV-1 replication in 293T cells infected with VSV-G pseudotyped HIV-1 PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Clone Names

  • MGC17973

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
enables RNA binding HDA PubMed 
enables protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
enables structural constituent of ribosome IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enables structural constituent of ribosome ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
involved_in mitochondrial translation NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
involved_in translation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
involved_in translation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
located_in mitochondrial inner membrane NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
part_of mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
part_of mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
part_of mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
part_of mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
located_in mitochondrion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
located_in nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
part_of ribonucleoprotein complex ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m
Names
39S ribosomal protein L10, mitochondrial
39S ribosomal protein L8, mitochondrial
L8mt
mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m
NP_660298.2
NP_683685.1
XP_024306343.1
XP_054171019.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

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RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_145255.4NP_660298.2  large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m isoform a precursor

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_660298.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) is the predominant transcript.
    Source sequence(s)
    AI221522, BC039852, DA137043
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11516.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    A6NGJ4, Q7Z7H8, Q96B80, Q96Q55
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DEH0
    Related
    ENSP00000324100.4, ENST00000351111.7
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd05797
    Location:81226
    Ribosomal_L10; Ribosomal protein L10 family, L10 subfamily; composed of bacterial 50S ribosomal protein and eukaryotic mitochondrial 39S ribosomal protein, L10. L10 occupies the L7/L12 stalk of the ribosome. The N-terminal domain (NTD) of L10 interacts with L11 protein ...
  2. NM_148887.3NP_683685.1  large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_683685.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) includes an additional coding region exon, compared to variant 1, that results in a longer protein (isoform b) with a longer and distinct N-terminus, compared to isoform a. The predicted protein does not contain a possible mitochondrial transit peptide sequence. A uORF with strong Kozak signal exists, but its length is short enough (18 aa) that it is not expected to interfere with translation from the longer, downstream ORF of 271 aa.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC003665, AI221522, BC039852, DA137043
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS11517.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DEH0
    Related
    ENSP00000395870.1, ENST00000414011.1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd05797
    Location:91236
    Ribosomal_L10; Ribosomal protein L10 family, L10 subfamily; composed of bacterial 50S ribosomal protein and eukaryotic mitochondrial 39S ribosomal protein, L10. L10 occupies the L7/L12 stalk of the ribosome. The N-terminal domain (NTD) of L10 interacts with L11 protein ...

RNA

  1. NR_037575.2 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) is represented as non-coding due to the presence of an upstream ORF that is predicted to interfere with translation of the longest ORF; translation of the upstream ORF renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AI221522, AK293624, BC039852, DA137043
    Related
    ENST00000421763.5

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Range
    47823272..47831541 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_024450575.2XP_024306343.1  large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DEH0
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd05797
    Location:91236
    Ribosomal_L10; Ribosomal protein L10 family, L10 subfamily; composed of bacterial 50S ribosomal protein and eukaryotic mitochondrial 39S ribosomal protein, L10. L10 occupies the L7/L12 stalk of the ribosome. The N-terminal domain (NTD) of L10 interacts with L11 protein ...

Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

Genomic

  1. NC_060941.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Range
    48685040..48693314 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_054315044.1XP_054171019.1  large ribosomal subunit protein uL10m isoform X1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B4DEH0