Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

CLCN2 chloride voltage-gated channel 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 1181, updated on 2-Oct-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
CLCN2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
chloride voltage-gated channel 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:2020
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000114859 MIM:600570; Vega:OTTHUMG00000156747
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CLC2; ECA2; ECA3; EGI3; EGMA; EJM6; EJM8; CIC-2; EGI11; HALD2; LKPAT; clC-2
Summary
This gene encodes a voltage-gated chloride channel. The encoded protein is a transmembrane protein that maintains chloride ion homeostasis in various cells. Defects in this gene may be a cause of certain epilepsies. Four transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]
Expression
Broad expression in testis (RPKM 8.7), colon (RPKM 7.2) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CLCN2 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
3q27.1
Exon count:
25
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 3 NC_000003.12 (184346185..184361651, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 3 NC_000003.11 (184063973..184079439, complement)

Chromosome 3 - NC_000003.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene proteasome 26S subunit, non-ATPase 2 Neighboring gene eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma 1 Neighboring gene small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 66 Neighboring gene family with sequence similarity 131 member A Neighboring gene RNA polymerase II subunit H Neighboring gene thrombopoietin

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

Related articles in PubMed

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystemIon channels mediate the flow of ions across the plasma membrane of cells. They are integral membrane proteins, typically a multimer of proteins, which, when arranged in the membrane, create a pore f...
  • Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
  • Mineral absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Mineral absorption, conserved biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
  • Stimuli-sensing channels, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Stimuli-sensing channels, organism-specific biosystemIon channels that mediate sensations such as pain, warmth, cold, taste pressure and vision. Channels that mediate these sensations include acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) (Wang & Xu 2011, Qadri et ...
  • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
voltage-gated chloride channel activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
chloride transmembrane transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ion transmembrane transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of ion transmembrane transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
retina development in camera-type eye IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
chloride channel complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
chloride channel protein 2
Names
chloride channel 2
chloride channel, voltage-sensitive 2

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_016422.1 RefSeqGene

    Range
    4953..20419
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001171087.2NP_001164558.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001164558.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate in-frame splice junction at the 5' end of an exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA524434, BC072004, DC403930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS54691.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P51788
    Related
    ENSP00000345056.7, OTTHUMP00000210516, ENST00000344937.11, OTTHUMT00000345574
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd03683
    Location:90550
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    cd04591
    Location:773821
    CBS_pair_EriC_assoc_euk_bac; This cd contains two tandem repeats of the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS pair) domains in the EriC CIC-type chloride channels in eukaryotes and bacteria. These ion channels are proteins with a seemingly simple task of allowing the passive flow of ...
    pfam00654
    Location:143529
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel
  2. NM_001171088.2NP_001164559.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform 3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (3) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA524434, AC078797, AK302759, DC403930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS54690.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P51788
    Related
    ENSP00000400425.2, OTTHUMP00000210515, ENST00000434054.6, OTTHUMT00000345573
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd03683
    Location:73523
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    cd04591
    Location:746794
    CBS_pair_EriC_assoc_euk_bac; This cd contains two tandem repeats of the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS pair) domains in the EriC CIC-type chloride channels in eukaryotes and bacteria. These ion channels are proteins with a seemingly simple task of allowing the passive flow of ...
    pfam00654
    Location:99502
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel
  3. NM_001171089.2NP_001164560.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform 4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (4) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA524434, AC078797, AK298952, DC403930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS54692.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P51788
    Related
    ENSP00000391928.1, OTTHUMP00000210514, ENST00000457512.1, OTTHUMT00000345572
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd03683
    Location:90567
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    pfam00654
    Location:143546
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel
  4. NM_004366.5NP_004357.3  chloride channel protein 2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004357.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AA524434, AC078797, AF026004, DC403930
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3263.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P51788
    Related
    ENSP00000265593.4, OTTHUMP00000210513, ENST00000265593.8, OTTHUMT00000345571
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd03683
    Location:90567
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    cd04591
    Location:790838
    CBS_pair_EriC_assoc_euk_bac; This cd contains two tandem repeats of the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS pair) domains in the EriC CIC-type chloride channels in eukaryotes and bacteria. These ion channels are proteins with a seemingly simple task of allowing the passive flow of ...
    pfam00654
    Location:143546
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000003.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    184346185..184361651 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006713489.1XP_006713552.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_006713552.1

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd03683
    Location:90567
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    cd04591
    Location:762803
    CBS_pair_EriC_assoc_euk_bac; This cd contains two tandem repeats of the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS pair) domains in the EriC CIC-type chloride channels in eukaryotes and bacteria. These ion channels are proteins with a seemingly simple task of allowing the passive flow of ...
    pfam00654
    Location:143546
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel
  2. XM_006713490.2XP_006713553.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform X3

    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    cd04591
    Location:404452
    CBS_pair_EriC_assoc_euk_bac; This cd contains two tandem repeats of the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS pair) domains in the EriC CIC-type chloride channels in eukaryotes and bacteria. These ion channels are proteins with a seemingly simple task of allowing the passive flow of ...
    pfam00654
    Location:46160
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel
    cl02915
    Location:46181
    Voltage_gated_ClC; CLC voltage-gated chloride channel. The ClC chloride channels catalyse the selective flow of Cl- ions across cell membranes, thereby regulating electrical excitation in skeletal muscle and the flow of salt and water across epithelial barriers. This ...
  3. XM_011512401.1XP_011510703.1  chloride channel protein 2 isoform X2

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd03683
    Location:90567
    ClC_1_like; ClC-1-like chloride channel proteins. This CD includes isoforms ClC-0, ClC-1, ClC-2 and ClC_K. ClC-1 is expressed in skeletal muscle and its mutation leads to both recessively and dominantly-inherited forms of muscle stiffness or myotonia. ClC-K is ...
    pfam00654
    Location:143546
    Voltage_CLC; Voltage gated chloride channel

RNA

  1. XR_001740002.1 RNA Sequence

  2. XR_001740001.1 RNA Sequence

Support Center