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Actg1 actin, gamma, cytoplasmic 1 [ Mus musculus (house mouse) ]

Gene ID: 11465, updated on 19-Apr-2019

Summary

Official Symbol
Actg1provided by MGI
Official Full Name
actin, gamma, cytoplasmic 1provided by MGI
Primary source
MGI:MGI:87906
See related
Ensembl:ENSMUSG00000062825
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Mus musculus
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Glires; Rodentia; Myomorpha; Muroidea; Muridae; Murinae; Mus; Mus
Also known as
E51; Actg; Actl; AL023024
Summary
Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and maintenance of the cytoskeleton. In vertebrates, three main groups of actin isoforms, alpha, beta, and gamma, have been identified. The alpha actins are found in muscle tissues and are a major constituent of the contractile apparatus. The beta and gamma actins co-exist in most cell types as components of the cytoskeleton, and as mediators of internal cell motility. Actin, gamma 1, encoded by this gene, is a cytoplasmic actin found in non-muscle cells. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in placenta adult (RPKM 691.0), large intestine adult (RPKM 664.6) and 28 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See Actg1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
11; 11 E2
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCm38.p4 (GCF_000001635.24) 11 NC_000077.6 (120345687..120348495, complement)
Build 37.2 previous assembly MGSCv37 (GCF_000001635.18) 11 NC_000077.5 (120207004..120209798, complement)

Chromosome 11 - NC_000077.6Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RIKEN cDNA 2900052L18 gene Neighboring gene BAH domain and coiled-coil containing 1 Neighboring gene predicted gene 11772 Neighboring gene RIKEN cDNA 0610009L18 gene Neighboring gene microRNA 6935 Neighboring gene fascin actin-bundling protein 2

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: Mouse ENCODE transcriptome data
  • Description: RNA profiling data sets generated by the Mouse ENCODE project.
  • BioProject: PRJNA66167
  • Publication: PMID 25409824
  • Analysis date: n/a

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Variation

Alleles

Alleles of this type are documented at Mouse Genome Informatics  (MGI)

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Adherens junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adherens junction, organism-specific biosystemCell-cell adherens junctions (AJs), the most common type of intercellular adhesions, are important for maintaining tissue architecture and cell polarity and can limit cell movement and proliferation....
  • Adherens junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adherens junction, conserved biosystemCell-cell adherens junctions (AJs), the most common type of intercellular adhesions, are important for maintaining tissue architecture and cell polarity and can limit cell movement and proliferation....
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
  • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), organism-specific biosystemArrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart muscle disease that may result in arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden death. The hallmark pathological findings are prog...
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), conserved biosystemArrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart muscle disease that may result in arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden death. The hallmark pathological findings are prog...
  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, organism-specific biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
  • Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, conserved biosystemMany pathogenic bacteria can invade phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells and colonize them intracellularly, then become disseminated to other cells. Invasive bacteria induce their own uptake by non-ph...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
  • EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, organism-specific biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, conserved biosystemShear stress represents the frictional force that the flow of blood exerts at the endothelial surface of the vessel wall and plays a central role in vascular biology and contributes to the progress o...
  • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hippo signaling pathway, conserved biosystemHippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that controls organ size from flies to humans. In humans and mice, the pathway consists of the MST1 and MST2 kinases, their cofactor S...
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, organism-specific biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Leukocyte transendothelial migration, conserved biosystemLeukocyte migaration from the blood into tissues is vital for immune surveillance and inflammation. During this diapedesis of leukocytes, the leukocytes bind to endothelial cell adhesion molecules (C...
  • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Phagosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Phagosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proteoglycans in cancer, conserved biosystemMany proteoglycans (PGs) in the tumor microenvironment have been shown to be key macromolecules that contribute to biology of various types of cancer including proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis a...
  • RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • RHO GTPases Activate Formins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate Formins, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • RHO GTPases Activate WASPs and WAVEs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate WASPs and WAVEs, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Actin Cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
    Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
  • Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, organism-specific biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Salmonella infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salmonella infection, conserved biosystemSalmonella infection usually presents as a self-limiting gastroenteritis or the more severe typhoid fever and bacteremia. The common disease-causing Salmonella species in human is a single species, S...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystemcomputationally inferred pathway (not manually curated)
  • Striated Muscle Contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Striated Muscle Contraction, organism-specific biosystem
    Striated Muscle Contraction
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Tight junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, organism-specific biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Tight junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tight junction, conserved biosystemTight junctions (TJs) are essential for establishing a selectively permeable barrier to diffusion through the paracellular space between neighboring cells. TJs are composed of at least three types of...
  • Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystemMyocarditis is a cardiac disease associated with inflammation and injury of the myocardium. It results from various etiologies, both noninfectious and infectious, but coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is stil...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC28612, MGC117491

Gene Ontology Provided by MGI

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
identical protein binding ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
nucleotide binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
profilin binding ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
structural constituent of cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
structural constituent of postsynaptic actin cytoskeleton IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
structural constituent of postsynaptic actin cytoskeleton ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
ubiquitin protein ligase binding ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cellular response to interferon-gamma IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
sarcomere organization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
synaptic vesicle endocytosis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
synaptic vesicle endocytosis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
synaptic vesicle endocytosis IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Schaffer collateral - CA1 synapse IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Schaffer collateral - CA1 synapse IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
actin cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
actin filament IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
actin filament ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
calyx of Held IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
calyx of Held IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
costamere TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoskeleton IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular exosome ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
filamentous actin IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
myelin sheath HDA PubMed 
myofibril IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
phagocytic vesicle IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
postsynaptic actin cytoskeleton ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 
presynaptic actin cytoskeleton ISO
Inferred from Sequence Orthology
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
actin, cytoplasmic 2
Names
beta-actin FE-3
gamma-actin

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001313923.1NP_001300852.1  actin, cytoplasmic 2 isoform 2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) contains an alternate exon, which causes translation initiation at a downstream AUG compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK153446, BU706992, CX567990
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q4KL81
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl17037
    Location:1253
    NBD_sugar-kinase_HSP70_actin; Nucleotide-Binding Domain of the sugar kinase/HSP70/actin superfamily
  2. NM_009609.3NP_033739.1  actin, cytoplasmic 2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_033739.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AK153446, CX567990
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS25730.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P63260
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q4KL81
    Related
    ENSMUSP00000071486.6, ENSMUST00000071555.12
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00281
    Location:1375
    PTZ00281; actin; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Mus musculus Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

Genomic

  1. NC_000077.6 Reference GRCm38.p4 C57BL/6J

    Range
    120345687..120348495 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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