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CARM1 coactivator associated arginine methyltransferase 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10498, updated on 9-Dec-2018

Summary

Official Symbol
CARM1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
coactivator associated arginine methyltransferase 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:23393
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000142453 MIM:603934
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
PRMT4
Summary
This gene belongs to the protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) family. The encoded enzyme catalyzes the methylation of guanidino nitrogens of arginyl residues of proteins. The enzyme acts specifically on histones and other chromatin-associated proteins and is involved in regulation of gene expression. The enzyme may act in association with other proteins or within multi-protein complexes and may play a role in cell type-specific functions and cell lineage specification. A related pseudogene is located on chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 20.7), placenta (RPKM 17.2) and 25 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See CARM1 in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
19p13.2
Exon count:
17
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 19 NC_000019.10 (10871577..10923078)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (10982253..11033453)

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene chromosome 19 open reading frame 38 Neighboring gene transmembrane p24 trafficking protein 1 Neighboring gene Yip1 domain family member 2 Neighboring gene translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 29 Neighboring gene SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4 Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 192, pseudogene

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
retropepsin gag-pol HIV-1 PR is identified to have a physical interaction with coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from BioSystems

  • Activation of gene expression by SREBF (SREBP), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of gene expression by SREBF (SREBP), organism-specific biosystemAfter transiting to the nucleus SREBPs (SREBP1A/1C/2, SREBFs) bind short sequences, sterol regulatory elements (SREs), in the promoters of target genes (reviewed in Eberle et al. 2004, Weber et al. 2...
  • Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Androgen receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemAndrogens, mainly testosterone and 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) play significant role in the growth and development of the male reproductive organs. These steroid hormones bring about their biolo...
  • BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression, organism-specific biosystemAs inferred from mouse, BMAL1:CLOCK (ARNTL:CLOCK) and BMAL1:NPAS2 (ARNTL:NPAS2) heterodimers bind to sequence elements (E boxes) in the promoters of target genes and enhance transcription (Gekakis et...
  • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
  • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
  • Circadian Clock, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Circadian Clock, organism-specific biosystemAt the center of the mammalian circadian clock is a negative transcription/translation-based feedback loop: The BMAL1:CLOCK/NPAS2 (ARNTL:CLOCK/NPAS2) heterodimer transactivates CRY and PER genes by b...
  • Coregulation of Androgen receptor activity, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Coregulation of Androgen receptor activity, organism-specific biosystem
    Coregulation of Androgen receptor activity
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem
    Direct p53 effectors
  • Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocrine resistance, organism-specific biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
  • Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocrine resistance, conserved biosystemEndocrine therapy is a key treatment strategy to control or eradicate hormone-responsive breast cancer. The most commonly used endocrine therapy agents are selective estrogen receptor modulators (SER...
  • Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe reactions involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and of the triacylglycerols and ketone bodies derived from them form a closely interrelated, coordinately regulated module that plays a central...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystemMitochondrial biogenesis and remodeling occur in response to exercise and redox state (reviewed in Scarpulla et al. 2012, Handy and Loscalzo 2012, Piantadosi and Suliman 2012, Scarpulla 2011, Wenz et...
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemThe set of genes regulated by PPAR-alpha is not fully known in humans, however many examples have been found in mice. Genes directly activated by PPAR-alpha contain peroxisome proliferator receptor e...
  • RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystemArginine methylation is a common post-translational modification; around 2% of arginine residues are methylated in rat liver nuclei (Boffa et al. 1977). Arginine can be methylated in 3 different ways...
  • RORA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RORA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemAs inferred from mouse, RORA binds ROR elements (ROREs) in DNA and recruits the coactivators PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) and p300 (EP300, a histone acetylase) to activate transcription.
  • Regulation of Androgen receptor activity, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Regulation of Androgen receptor activity, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of Androgen receptor activity
  • Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF), organism-specific biosystemSterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs, SREBFs) respond to low cholesterol concentrations by transiting to the nucleus and activating genes involved in cholesterol and lipid biosynthesis ...
  • Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystemPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is the major regulator of fatty acid oxidation in the liver. PPARalpha is also the target of fibrate drugs used to treat abnormal plasma ...
  • TP53 Regulates Transcription of Cell Cycle Genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TP53 Regulates Transcription of Cell Cycle Genes, organism-specific biosystemUnder a variety of stress conditions, TP53 (p53), stabilized by stress-induced phosphorylation at least on S15 and S20 serine residues, can induce the transcription of genes involved in cell cycle ar...
  • TP53 Regulates Transcription of Genes Involved in G2 Cell Cycle Arrest, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TP53 Regulates Transcription of Genes Involved in G2 Cell Cycle Arrest, organism-specific biosystemTP53 contributes to the establishment of G2 arrest by inducing transcription of GADD45A and SFN, and by inhibiting transcription of CDC25C. TP53 induces GADD45A transcription in cooperation with chro...
  • Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (encoded by the gene p53) is a transcription factor. Under stress conditions, it recognizes specific responsive DNA elements and thus regulates the transcription of many gen...
  • Transcriptional activation of mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional activation of mitochondrial biogenesis, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylated PPARGC1A (PGC-1alpha) does not bind DNA directly but instead interacts with other transcription factors, notably NRF1 and NRF2 (via HCF1). NRF1 and NRF2 together with PPARGC1A activate...
  • Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystemAdipogenesis is the process of cell differentiation by which preadipocytes become adipocytes. During this process the preadipocytes cease to proliferate, begin to accumulate lipid droplets and develo...
  • YAP1- and WWTR1 (TAZ)-stimulated gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    YAP1- and WWTR1 (TAZ)-stimulated gene expression, organism-specific biosystemYAP1 and WWTR1 (TAZ) are transcriptional co-activators, both homologues of the Drosophila Yorkie protein. They both interact with members of the TEAD family of transcription factors, and WWTR1 intera...

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
beta-catenin binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
histone methyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
histone methyltransferase activity (H3-R17 specific) ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone-arginine N-methyltransferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
histone-arginine N-methyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
lysine-acetylated histone binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
nuclear receptor transcription coactivator activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein methyltransferase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein-arginine N-methyltransferase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein-arginine N-methyltransferase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein-arginine N-methyltransferase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
protein-arginine omega-N asymmetric methyltransferase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
protein-arginine omega-N asymmetric methyltransferase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
transcription coactivator activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
transcription regulatory region DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in cell cycle arrest TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
aging IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endochondral bone morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
histone H3-R17 methylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
histone H3-R2 methylation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
histone arginine methylation IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
histone methylation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
histone methylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
intracellular estrogen receptor signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of dendrite development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of protein binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
peptidyl-arginine methylation, to asymmetrical-dimethyl arginine IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of fat cell differentiation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein localization to chromatin IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of growth plate cartilage chondrocyte proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of intracellular estrogen receptor signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of lipid metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of mRNA binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
response to cAMP IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
viral process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
RNA polymerase II transcription factor complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 

General protein information

Preferred Names
histone-arginine methyltransferase CARM1
Names
protein arginine N-methyltransferase 4
NP_954592.1
XP_005259765.1
XP_011525940.1

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_199141.1NP_954592.1  histone-arginine methyltransferase CARM1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_954592.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AF055027, AL833242, BU176535
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12250.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q86X55
    Related
    ENSP00000325690.3, ENST00000327064.8
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    pfam05185
    Location:172435
    PRMT5; PRMT5 arginine-N-methyltransferase
    pfam11531
    Location:34138
    CARM1; Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 N terminal
    pfam12847
    Location:184283
    Methyltransf_18; Methyltransferase domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Range
    10871577..10923078
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005259708.4XP_005259765.1  histone-arginine methyltransferase CARM1 isoform X1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_005259765.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q86X55
    Related
    ENSP00000340934.3, ENST00000344150.8
    Conserved Domains (3) summary
    pfam05185
    Location:172435
    PRMT5; PRMT5 arginine-N-methyltransferase
    pfam11531
    Location:34138
    CARM1; Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 N terminal
    pfam12847
    Location:184283
    Methyltransf_18; Methyltransferase domain
  2. XM_011527638.2XP_011525940.1  histone-arginine methyltransferase CARM1 isoform X2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011525940.1

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    pfam05185
    Location:11274
    PRMT5; PRMT5 arginine-N-methyltransferase
    pfam12847
    Location:23122
    Methyltransf_18; Methyltransferase domain
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