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TUBA1B tubulin alpha 1b [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10376, updated on 13-Mar-2020

Summary

Official Symbol
TUBA1Bprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
tubulin alpha 1bprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:18809
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000123416 MIM:602530
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
K-ALPHA-1
Expression
Ubiquitous expression in brain (RPKM 600.4), bone marrow (RPKM 551.8) and 24 other tissues See more
Orthologs

Genomic context

See TUBA1B in Genome Data Viewer
Location:
12q13.12
Exon count:
4
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
109.20200228 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 12 NC_000012.12 (49127782..49131395, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (49521565..49525304, complement)

Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369759 Neighboring gene GATA motif-containing MPRA enhancer 293 Neighboring gene desert hedgehog signaling molecule Neighboring gene limb development membrane protein 1 like Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 3992 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369760 Neighboring gene tubulin alpha 1a

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

Expression

  • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
  • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
  • BioProject: PRJEB4337
  • Publication: PMID 24309898
  • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

Bibliography

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

What's a GeneRIF?

HIV-1 interactions

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of tubulin, alpha 1b (TUBA1B) by shRNA library screening inhibits HIV-1 replication in cultured Jurkat T-cells PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The binding of HIV-1 gp120 to CD4+-permissive cells increases the level of acetylated alpha-tubulin in a CD4-dependent manner; overexpression of Histone Deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibits the acetylation of alpha-tubulin and prevents HIV-1-cell fusion PubMed
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp160, precursor env Treatment of cells with actin-depolymerizing agents or tubulin polymerization inhibitors largely reduces the percentage of cells with capped HIV-1 Gag and Env, indicating an intact actin and tubulin cytoskeleton is required for efficient assembly of HIV-1 PubMed
Pr55(Gag) gag Treatment of cells with actin-depolymerizing agents or tubulin polymerization inhibitors largely reduces the percentage of cells with capped HIV-1 Gag and Env, indicating an intact actin and tubulin cytoskeleton is required for efficient assembly of HIV-1 PubMed
Rev rev HIV-1 Rev interacting protein, TUBA1B, is identified by the in-vitro binding experiments involving cytosolic or nuclear extracts from HeLa cells PubMed
rev Rev acts to depolymerize microtubules that are formed by tubulin, an effect that is observed during HIV-1 infection PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat K29A, K50R, and K51R lysine mutations downregulate the proportion of soluble tubulin in cells, while the majority of other lysine mutations upregulate the percentage of soluble tubulin compared with the wild-type PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat (specifically, amino acids 38-72), enhances tubulin polymerization and triggers the mitochondrial pathway to induce T cell apoptosis as shown in vitro by the release of cytochrome c from isolated mitochondria PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat (amino acids 36-39) binds tubulin alpha/beta dimers and polymerized microtubules leading to the alteration of microtubule dynamics and activation of a mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway that is facilitated by the Bcl-2 relative Bim PubMed
integrase gag-pol Co-immunoprecipitation shows interaction of HIV-1 IN with alpha-tubulin PubMed
retropepsin gag-pol Positional proteomics analysis identifies the cleavage of human tubulin, alpha 1b (TUBA1B) at amino acid residues 67-68 and 202-203 by the HIV-1 protease PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

Pathways from PubChem

Interactions

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

General gene information

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
GTP binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
GTPase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
double-stranded RNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
structural constituent of cytoskeleton IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
structural molecule activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
ubiquitin protein ligase binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
cell division TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to interleukin-4 IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
microtubule cytoskeleton organization IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
microtubule-based process IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
microtubule-based process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
mitotic cell cycle IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytoplasm IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic microtubule IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
membrane raft IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
microtubule IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
PubMed 
microtubule IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
microtubule TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
microtubule cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 

General protein information

Preferred Names
tubulin alpha-1B chain
Names
alpha tubulin
alpha-tubulin ubiquitous
tubulin K-alpha-1
tubulin alpha-ubiquitous chain
tubulin, alpha, ubiquitous

NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_006082.3NP_006073.2  tubulin alpha-1B chain

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_006073.2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AK098635, BC006481, BF979331
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS31792.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P68363
    Related
    ENSP00000336799.5, ENST00000336023.9
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    PTZ00335
    Location:1440
    PTZ00335; tubulin alpha chain; Provisional

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Range
    49127782..49131395 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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