Figure 1.14. Jaw structure in the fish, reptile, and mammal.

Figure 1.14

Jaw structure in the fish, reptile, and mammal. (A) Homologies of the jaws and gill arches as seen in the skull of the Paleozoic shark Cobeledus aculentes. (B) Lateral view of an alligator skull. The articular portion of the lower jaw articulates with the quadrate bone of the skull. (C) Lateral view of a human skull, showing the junction of the lower jaw with the squamosal (temporal) region of the skull. In mammals, the quadrate becomes internalized to form the incus of the middle ear. The articular bone retains its contact with the quadrate, becoming the malleus of the middle ear. (A after Zangerl and Williams 1975.)

From: Comparative Embryology

Cover of Developmental Biology
Developmental Biology. 6th edition.
Gilbert SF.
Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates; 2000.
Copyright © 2000, Sinauer Associates.

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