TABLE 2Factors in Infectious Disease Emergence and Reemergence

Increased human intrusion into tropical forests
Lack of access to health care
Population growth and changes in demographics
Changes in human behaviors
Inadequate and deteriorating public health infrastructure
Misuse of antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs
Microbial adaptation
Urbanization and crowding
Modern travel
Increased trade and expanded markets for imported foods

SOURCE: IOM, 1992.

From: Summary and Assessment

Cover of Emerging Infectious Diseases from the Global to the Local Perspective
Emerging Infectious Diseases from the Global to the Local Perspective: A Summary of a Workshop of the Forum on Emerging Infections.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Emerging Infections; Davis JR, Lederberg J, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2001.
Copyright © 2001, National Academy of Sciences.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.