Table 2.7Studies assessing change in weight following smoking initiation

508-Compliant Version

StudyDesign/populationAverage age (years)Age groupsMean body mass index change (kg/m2)Mean kg differenceMeasuresComments
Height/weightSmoking status
Lissner et al. 19926-year Prospective
Population Study of Women in Gothenburg (1968–1969)
1,291 women
Sweden
NR≥38 yearsNRMeasuredNRSmoking status not defined; smokers quit ≥1 year classified as nonsmokers
Smokers+0.5
Nonsmokers+0.6
Initiators−0.4
Klesges et al. 1998b7-year prospective study
CARDIA study
5,115 adults
NR18–30 yearsNRMeasuredBaseline: serum cotinine
Follow-up: self-report
Smoker: ≥5 cigarettes/week
Smokers+5.7
Nonsmokers+7.2
Initiators+5.1
Stice and Martinez 20053-year prospective study
496 girls
Southwestern United States
Md = 1311–15 yearsMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: 5 to 7 times/week and ≥1 cigarettes/day
Smokers+0.2+1.4
Nonsmokers+0.6+2.9
Initiators+0.2+1.8
Fidler et al. 20075-year longitudinal study
2,665 students
HABITS
South London, England
NR15–16 yearsNRMeasuredSaliva cotinineSmoker: >6 cigarettes/week; all nonsmokers at baseline
Nonsmokers+2.9
Initiators+2.3
Sneve and Jorde 20087-year longitudinal study
1994 and 2001 Tromsø Study
5,102 adults
Norway
M = 53.7>29 yearsNRMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: ≥1 cigarettes/day
Smokers+0.7
Nonsmokers+1.0
Initiators+0.1

Note: CARDIA = Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults; HABITS = Health and Behaviour in Teenagers Study; kg = kilograms; m2 = square meters; M = mean; Md = median; NR = not reported.

From: 2, The Health Consequences of Tobacco Use Among Young People

Cover of Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults
Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health.

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