Table 2.6Studies assessing change in weight following smoking cessation

508-Compliant Version

StudyDesign/populationAverage age (years)Age groupsMean body mass index change (kg/m2)Mean kg differenceMeasuresComments
Height/weightSmoking status
Lissner et al. 19926-year Prospective
Population Study of Women in Gothenburg (1968–1969)
1,291 women
Sweden
NR≥38 yearsNRMeasuredNRSmoking status not defined; smokers quit ≥1 year classified as nonsmokers
Smokers+0.5
Nonsmokers+0.6
Quitters+1.4
Talcott et al. 19956-week longitudinal analysis
332 recruits
Lackland Air Force Base, Texas
M = 20.4NonsmokersNR−0.89MeasuredSelf-reportSmoking status prior to basic military training not defined; age range NR
Quitters−0.03
Klesges et al. 1997b1-year longitudinal study
196 adult smokers
Memphis, Tennessee
M = 44.6SmokersNR+1.1MeasuredCOSmoker: CO ≥10 ppm; age range NR
Quitters+5.9
Klesges et al. 1998b7-year prospective study
CARDIA study
5,115 adults
NR18–30 yearsNRMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: ≥5 cigarettes/week
Smokers+5.7
Nonsmokers+7.2
Quitters+10.9
O’Hara et al. 19985-year longitudinal study
Lung Health Study
5,887 adult smokers
M = 48.435–60 yearsNRMeasuredCO
Salivary cotinine
Smoker: ≥10 cigarettes/day; weights estimated from available data
Smokers+1.5
Quitters+8.0
Nicklas et al. 19996-month longitudinal study
13 adult men
Baltimore, Maryland
M = 63>50 yearsMeasuredCOSmoker: daily use
SmokersNRNR
Quitters+1.9+5.6
Janzon et al. 20049-year longitudinal study
3,391 women
Sweden
M = 59.346–70 yearsMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: daily use at baseline, regular or occasional use at follow-up
SmokersNR+3.2
NonsmokersNR+3.7
QuittersNR+7.6
Stice and Martinez 20053-year prospective study
496 females
Southwestern United States
Md = 1311–15 yearsMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: 5–7 times/week and ≥1 cigarettes/day
Smokers+0.2+1.4
Nonsmokers+0.6+2.9
Quitters+1.0+3.4
Hutter et al. 20061-year longitudinal study
308 adult smokers
Austria
Md = 4033–46 yearsNRSelf-reportSmoker: daily use
Smokers+0.3+0.0
Quitters+1.1+4.0
Fidler et al. 20075-year longitudinal study
2,665 students
HABITS
South London, England
NR15–16 yearsNRMeasuredSaliva cotinineSmoker: >6 cigarettes/week; all nonsmokers at baseline
Smokers+2.3
Nonsmokers+2.9
Quitters+3.0
Pisinger and Jorgensen 20077-year longitudinal population study (Inter99)
1,343 adults
Denmark
NR30–60 yearsMeasuredCotinineSmoking status not defined
Smokers+0.1+0.3
NonsmokersNRNR
Quitters+1.4+4.2
Sneve and Jorde 20087-year longitudinal study
1994 and 2001 Tromsø Study
5,102 adults
Norway
M = 53.7>29 yearsNRMeasuredSelf-reportSmoker: ≥1 cigarettes/day
Smokers+0.7
Nonsmokers+1.0
Quitters+2.0

Note: CARDIA = Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults; CO = carbon monoxide; HABITS = Health and Behaviour in Teenagers Study; kg = kilogram; m2 = square meters; M = mean; Md = median; NR = not reported; ppm = parts per million.

From: 2, The Health Consequences of Tobacco Use Among Young People

Cover of Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults
Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health.

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