List of Abbreviations

Publication Details

AAFP

American Academy of Family Physicians

Add Health

National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health

ADHD

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

AFRO

WHO Africa

AHA

American Heart Association

ALA

American Lung Association

AMA

American Medical Association

ASSIST

American Stop Smoking Intervention Study

B&W

Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation

BAT

British American Tobacco

BHR

bronchial hyperresponsiveness

BMI

body mass index

BRFSS

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

CAI

computer-assisted interviewing

CARDIA

Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEO

chief executive officer

CHIPS

Choosing Healthy Influences for a Positive Self

CI

confidence interval

COMMIT

Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CSAP

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

CT

computed tomography

D.A.R.E.

Drug Abuse Resistance Education

DSM-IV

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- 4th edition

DVD

digital video disc

DZ

dizygotic

EDI

Eating Disorders Inventory

ED-NOS

eating disorders-not otherwise specified

EMRO

WHO Eastern Mediterranean

ES

effect size

ESFA

European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach

ESPAD

European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs

EURO

WHO Europe

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FCP

Full Court Press

FCTC

Framework Convention for Tobacco Control

FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FEF

forced expiratory flow

FEF25–75

FEF between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in 1 second

FLAVOR

Fun Learning about Vitality, Origin, and Respect

FOK

Focus on Kids

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

FTND

Fagerström Test of Nicotine Dependence

FTQ

Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire

FVC

forced vital capacity

g

gram

GABA

gamma-aminobutyric acid

GNAT

Go/No-go Association Test

GRP

gross rating point

GTSS

Global Tobacco Surveillance System

GYTS

Global Youth Tobacco Survey

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

HONC

Hooked on Nicotine Checklist

HSI

Heaviness of Smoking Index

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IAT

Implicit Association Test

ICC

intraclass correlation coefficient

ICV

Internet cigarette vendors

IMBC

Integrated Model of Behavior Change

ImPACT

Informed Parents and Kids Together

IMPACT

Initiatives to Mobilize for the Prevention and Control of Tobacco Use

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IRR

incidence rate ratio

ISAAC

International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood

ISFP

Iowa Strengthening Families Program

ITT

intent to treat

kg

kilogram

L

liter

LCA

latent class analysis

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

Legacy

American Legacy Foundation

LST

LifeSkills Training

LTA

latent transition analysis

MDD

major depressive disorder

mFTQ

modified Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire

mg

milligram

MI

myocardial infarction

mL

milliliter

mm

millimeter

MPAA

Motion Picture Association of America

MPP

Midwestern Prevention Project

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MSA

metropolitan statistical area

MSS

Minnesota Student Survey

MTF

Monitoring the Future

MVPA

moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity

MZ

monozygotic

NAAG

National Association of Attorneys General

nAChR

nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

NARE

negative affect relief expectancy

NASBE

National Association of State Boards of Education

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NDSS

Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale

NELS

National Education Longitudinal Study

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHIS

National Health Interview Survey

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NLSY97

National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort

NPM

nonparticipating manufacturer

NSDUH

National Survey on Drug Use and Health

NYTCP

New York Tobacco Control Program

NYTS

National Youth Tobacco Survey

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OPM

original participating manufacturer

OR

odds ratio

OSH

Office on Smoking and Health

PAHO

WHO Pan American Health Organization

PDAY

Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth

PEF

peak expiratory flow

PFDY

Preparing for the Drug Free Years

PSU

primary sampling unit

PUP

possession, use, and purchase

QALY

quality-adjusted life year

RCT

randomized controlled trial

RI

relative improvement

RICO

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act

RJR

R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company

RR

relative risk

SAMHSA

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SCQ

Smoking Consequences Questionnaire

SCQ-S

Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Spanish

SD

standard deviation

SEARO

WHO South-East Asia

SES

socioeconomic status

SEU

subjective expected utility

SHOUT

Students Helping Others Understand Tobacco

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

SMART

Self-Management and Resistance Training

SNP

single nucleotide polymorphisms

SOS

Solutions for Smoking

SPM

subsequent participating manufacturer

SSQ

Smoking Situations Questionnaire

SYMATU

Statewide Youth Movement Against Tobacco Use

TAPP

Tobacco and Alcohol Prevention Project

TCP

tobacco prevention and control program

TNT

Project Towards No Tobacco Use

TPB

Theory of Planned Behavior

TPSAC

Tobacco Product Scientific Advisory Committee

TRA

Theory of Reasoned Action

TRP

total rating point

TTI

Theory of Triadic Influence

TUTD

Thumbs Up! Thumbs Down! Project

UCSF

University of California, San Francisco

UNC

University of North Carolina

URI-TW

upper respiratory infection-triggered wheezing

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USDHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

USDHEW

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

USPS

United States Postal Service

USPSTF

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

VLDL

very-low-density lipoprotein

VTA

ventral tegmental area

WCSS

Weight Control Smoking Scale

WHO

World Health Organization

WPRO

WHO Western Pacific

YRBS

Youth Risk Behavior Survey

YRBSS

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System