Table 29Characteristics of included trials comparing behavioral counseling interventions with usual care or with each other for improving morbidity, mortality, or other long-term outcomes for young adults or college students with alcohol misuse

StudyN
% Dep
Duration (mths)CountrySettingMean Age (y)% Fem% Non-whiteBaseline Alcohol Use (Drinks/wk)Quality
Fleming et al., 201087
CHIPs
986

0
12U.S. and Canada5 college health clinics2150.5 to 51.38.1 to 10.517.3 to 17.8Good
Grossberg et al., 200488
TrEAT
226a

NR
48U.S. Wisconsin17 community PC practicesNRb511416.2 to 18.3Fairc
Kypri et al., 2008116
Kypri et al., 2007117
576

NR
12New ZealandUniversity primary health care service20.1 to 20.352NRNRGood
Kypri et al., 2004118104

NR
6New ZealandUniversity student health service19.9 to 20.450NRNRFair
Schaus et al., 2009119363

0
12U.S. FloridaCollege student health center20.652228.38 to 9.59Fair

% Dep = percentage of subjects with alcohol dependence; CHIPs = College health Intervention Projects; Fem = female; mths = months; N = total number randomized; NR = not reported/unclear; PC = primary care; TrEAT = Trial for Early Alcohol Treatment; U.S. = United States; wk = week; y = years

a

This was a subgroup analysis of TrEAT,96 226 of the 774 enrolled subjects were young adults (age 18 to 30). The main study was rated good, this subgroup analysis was rated fair quality.

b

21% 18 to 21, 37% 22 to 25, and 47% 26 to 30.

c

This was a subgroup analysis of TrEAT.96 The main study was rated good, and this subgroup analysis was rated fair quality.

Note: When data were not reported for mean age, %female, % nonwhite, and baseline alcohol consumption for the total sample but were presented for each study group, we give the range of the means for the various study groups.

From: Results

Cover of Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse
Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 64.
Jonas DE, Garbutt JC, Brown JM, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.