Table 35Summary of effectiveness of behavioral interventions compared with controls for pregnant women: Intermediate, health, utilization, and other outcomes

Type of OutcomesSpecific OutcomesResults
Effect Size (95% CI)
Strength of Evidence
IntermediateConsumption (drinks/week)Data from 1 study found no significant difference between groups; both groups had reductions in antepartum consumptionLow
Heavy drinking episodesEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
Recommended drinking limitsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
AbstinenceOne study provided insufficient evidence for the overall sample but found maintenance of higher rates of abstinence for the subgroup of subjects who were abstinent prior to assessment (86% vs. 72%, p=0.04).Insufficient; Low
HealthMortalityEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
Motor vehicle eventsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
Alcohol-related liver problemsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
UtilizationHospitalizationEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
Emergency visitsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
Primary care visitsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient
CostsEvidence was insufficient to draw conclusionsInsufficient

CI = confidence interval

Note: Evidence was insufficient to draw conclusions for followup with referrals, legal problems, or quality of life; data are reported for study endpoint, approximately 6 months.

From: Discussion

Cover of Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse
Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 64.
Jonas DE, Garbutt JC, Brown JM, et al.

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