Figure 9.17. Synthesis of phospholipids.

Figure 9.17Synthesis of phospholipids

Glycerol phospholipids are synthesized in the ER membrane from cytosolic precursors. Two fatty acids linked to coenzyme A (CoA) carriers are first joined to glycerol-3-phosphate, yielding phosphatidic acid, which is simultaneously inserted into the membrane. A phosphatase then converts phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol. The attachment of different polar head groups to diacylglycerol then results in formation of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, or phosphatidylserine. Phosphatidylinositol is formed from phosphatidic acid, rather than from diacylglycerol.

From: The Endoplasmic Reticulum

Cover of The Cell
The Cell: A Molecular Approach. 2nd edition.
Cooper GM.
Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates; 2000.
Copyright © 2000, Geoffrey M Cooper.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.