Table 22Life expectancy at birth, at 65 years of age, and at 75 years of age, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, selected years 1900–2009

Updated data when available, Excel, PDF, and more data years: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2011.htm#022.

[Data are based on death certificates]

Specified age and yearAll racesWhiteBlack or African American 1
Both sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemale
At birthRemaining life expectancy in years
19002,347.346.348.347.646.648.733.032.533.5
1950368.265.671.169.166.572.260.859.162.9
1960369.766.673.170.667.474.163.661.166.3
197070.867.174.771.768.075.664.160.068.3
198073.770.077.474.470.778.168.163.872.5
199075.471.878.876.172.779.469.164.573.6
199575.872.578.976.573.479.669.665.273.9
199976.773.979.477.374.679.971.467.874.7
200076.874.179.377.374.779.971.868.275.1
200176.974.279.477.474.879.972.068.475.2
200276.974.379.577.474.979.972.168.675.4
200377.174.579.677.675.080.072.368.875.6
200477.574.979.977.975.480.472.869.376.0
200577.474.979.977.975.480.472.869.376.1
200677.775.180.278.275.780.673.269.776.5
200777.975.480.478.475.980.873.670.076.8
200878.175.680.678.576.180.974.070.677.2
200978.576.080.978.876.481.274.571.177.6
At 65 years
1950313.912.815.014.112.815.113.912.914.9
1960314.312.815.814.412.915.913.912.715.1
197015.213.117.015.213.117.114.212.515.7
198016.414.118.316.514.218.415.113.016.8
199017.215.118.917.315.219.115.413.217.2
199517.415.618.917.615.719.115.613.617.1
199917.716.119.117.816.119.216.014.317.3
200017.616.019.017.716.119.116.114.117.5
200117.716.219.017.816.319.116.214.217.6
200217.816.219.117.916.319.216.314.417.7
200317.916.419.218.016.519.316.414.517.9
200418.216.719.518.316.819.516.714.818.2
200518.216.819.518.316.919.516.814.918.2
200618.517.019.718.617.119.817.115.118.6
200718.617.219.918.717.319.917.215.218.7
200818.817.320.018.817.420.017.415.418.9
200919.217.620.319.117.720.417.815.819.3
At 75 years
198010.48.811.510.48.811.59.78.310.7
199010.99.412.011.09.412.010.28.611.2
199511.09.711.911.19.712.010.28.811.1
199911.210.012.111.210.012.110.49.211.1
200011.09.811.811.09.811.910.49.011.3
200111.19.911.911.19.911.910.59.111.4
200211.09.911.911.19.911.910.59.211.4
200311.110.011.911.110.011.910.69.311.5
200411.410.312.211.410.312.210.89.511.7
200511.310.212.111.410.312.110.89.511.7
200611.610.512.311.510.512.311.19.812.0
200711.710.612.511.710.612.411.29.912.1
200811.810.712.611.810.712.611.39.912.3
200912.211.012.912.111.012.911.710.312.6
Specified age and yearWhite, not HispanicBlack, not HispanicHispanic4
Both sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemale
At birthRemaining life expectancy in years
200678.175.680.472.969.276.280.677.983.1
200778.275.880.673.269.676.580.978.283.4
200878.475.980.873.770.276.981.078.483.3
200978.776.381.174.270.777.381.278.783.5
At 65 years
200618.517.119.717.015.018.420.619.021.7
200718.717.219.817.115.118.520.819.221.9
200818.817.320.017.315.318.820.719.121.8
200919.117.620.317.715.719.120.919.422.0
At 75 years
200611.510.412.311.09.711.913.312.114.1
200711.610.612.411.19.812.013.512.314.1
200811.810.712.611.39.812.213.412.214.0
200912.111.012.911.710.212.513.612.414.3
- - -

Data not available.

1

Data shown for 1900–1960 are for the nonwhite population.

2

Death registration area only. The death registration area increased from 10 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) in 1900 to the coterminous United States in 1933. See Appendix II, Registration area.

3

Includes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and D.C.

4

Hispanic origin was added to the U.S. standard death certificate in 1989 and was adopted by every state in 1997. To estimate life expectancy, age-specific death rates were corrected to address racial and ethnic misclassification, which underestimates deaths in the Hispanic population. To address the effects of age misstatement at the oldest ages, the probability of death for Hispanic persons older than 80 years is estimated as a function of non-Hispanic white mortality with the use of the Brass relational logit model. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Race, for a discussion of sources of bias in death rates by race and Hispanic origin.

NOTES: Populations for computing life expectancy for 1991–1999 are 1990-based postcensal estimates of U.S. resident population. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates. In 1997, life table methodology was revised to construct complete life tables by single years of age that extend to age 100. (Anderson RN. Method for constructing complete annual U.S. life tables. NCHS. Vital Health Stat 2(129). 1999.) Previously, abridged life tables were constructed for 5-year age groups ending with 85 years and over. Life table values for 2000 and later years were computed using a slight modification of the new life table method due to a change in the age detail of populations received from the U.S. Census Bureau. Values for data years 2000 and beyond are based on a newly revised methodology that uses vital statistics death rates for ages under 66 years and modeled probabilities of death for ages 66 to 100 years based on blended vital statistics and Medicare probabilities of dying and may differ from figures previously published. The revised methodology is similar to that developed for the 1999–2001 decennial life tables. See Appendix II, Life expectancy. Starting with 2003 data, some states allowed the reporting of more than one race on the death certificate. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards, for comparability with other states. The race groups, white and black that are shown on the first page of this table, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. See Appendix II, Race. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System; Grove RD, Hetzel AM. Vital statistics rates in the United States, 1940–1960. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968; Arias E. United States life tables by Hispanic origin. Vital health statistics; vol 2 no 152. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2010. Miniño AM, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL. Deaths: Final data for 2009. National vital statistics reports; vol 60 no 3. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2012. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs​/data/dvs/deaths_2009_release.pdf. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2011
Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2012 May.

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