Table 15Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates, by detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, selected years 1983–2007

Updated data when available, Excel, PDF, and more data years: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2011.htm#015.

[Data are based on linked birth and death certificates for infants]

Maternal race and Hispanic origin1983119851199011995220002200522006220072
Infant 3 deaths per 1,000 live births
All mothers10.910.48.97.66.96.96.76.8
White9.38.97.36.35.75.75.65.6
Black or African American19.218.616.914.613.513.312.912.9
American Indian or Alaska Native15.213.113.19.08.38.18.39.2
Asian or Pacific Islander 48.37.86.65.34.94.94.54.8
Hispanic or Latina 5,69.58.87.56.35.65.65.45.5
 Mexican9.18.57.26.05.45.55.35.4
 Puerto Rican12.911.29.98.98.28.38.07.7
 Cuban7.58.57.25.34.64.45.15.2
 Central and South American8.58.06.85.54.64.74.54.6
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina10.69.58.07.46.96.45.86.4
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 White69.28.67.26.35.75.85.65.6
 Black or African American 619.118.316.914.713.613.613.413.3
Neonatal 3 deaths per 1,000 live births
All mothers7.16.85.74.94.64.54.54.4
White6.15.84.64.13.83.83.73.7
Black or African American12.512.311.19.69.18.98.78.5
American Indian or Alaska Native7.56.16.14.04.44.04.34.6
Asian or Pacific Islander 45.24.83.93.43.43.43.23.4
Hispanic or Latina 5,66.25.74.84.13.83.93.73.7
 Mexican5.95.44.53.93.63.83.73.7
 Puerto Rican8.77.66.96.15.85.95.45.1
 Cuban*5.06.25.3*3.6*3.2*3.13.63.7
 Central and South American5.85.64.43.73.33.23.13.1
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina6.45.65.04.84.64.33.74.1
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 White 65.95.64.54.03.83.73.63.6
 Black or African American 612.011.911.09.69.29.19.08.7
Postneonatal 3 deaths per 1,000 live births
All mothers3.83.63.22.62.32.32.22.3
White3.23.12.72.21.92.01.91.9
Black or African American6.76.35.95.04.34.34.24.4
American Indian or Alaska Native7.77.07.05.13.94.04.04.7
Asian or Pacific Islander 43.12.92.71.91.41.51.41.4
Hispanic or Latina 5,63.33.22.72.11.81.81.71.8
 Mexican3.23.22.72.11.81.71.61.7
 Puerto Rican4.23.53.02.82.42.42.62.6
 Cuban*2.5*2.3*1.9*1.7**1.4*1.4*1.5
 Central and South American2.62.42.41.91.41.51.41.4
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina4.23.93.02.62.32.12.12.3
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 White 63.23.02.72.21.92.11.92.0
 Black or African American 67.06.45.95.04.44.54.44.6
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Rates preceded by an asterisk are based on fewer than 50 deaths in the numerator. Rates not shown are based on fewer than 20 deaths in the numerator.

1

Rates based on unweighted birth cohort data.

2

Rates based on a period file using weighted data. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.

3

Infant (under 1 year of age), neonatal (under 28 days), and postneonatal (28 days–11 months).

4

Estimates are not available for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups because not all states have adopted the 2003 revision of the U.S. Certificate of Live Birth. See Appendix II, Race.

5

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

6

Prior to 1995, data are shown only for states with an Hispanic-origin item on their birth certificates. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin.

NOTES: The race groups white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards, for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. National linked files do not exist for 1992–1994. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2007 period: Linked birth/infant death data set. National vital statistics reports; vol 59 no 6. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2011. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs​/data/nvsr/nvsr59/nvsr59_06.pdf. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2011
Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2012 May.

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