Table 115Total enrollment in schools for selected health occupations, by race and Hispanic origin: United States, selected academic years 1980–1981 through 2008–2009

[Data are based on reporting by health professions associations]

Occupation, race, and Hispanic originAcademic years
DentistryNumber of studentsPercent distribution of students
All races 122,84215,95117,34919,702100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American1,0229408321,1464.
Hispanic or Latino 27801,2549251,2273.
American Indian or Alaska Native53531121350.
Asian or Pacific Islander1,0402,5194,2954,6034.615.824.823.4
Medicine (Allopathic) 3
All races 165,18965,16369,41476,002100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American3,7084,2414,8815,4085.
Puerto Rican1,1271,2531,2281,5761.
Other Hispanic or Latino 46831,1761,3072,4811.
American Indian or Alaska Native2212775306300.
Asian or Pacific Islander 51,9248,43613,26416,5113.012.919.121.7
Medicine (Osteopathic) 6
All races 14,9406,79210,81716,893100.0100.0100.0100.0
White, Non-Hispanic4,6885,6807,94011,81994.983.673.470.0
Black or African American942174005951.
Hispanic or Latino522773816261.
American Indian or Alaska Native1936721210.
Asian or Pacific Islander875821,7342,8951.88.616.017.1
Optometry 7
All races 14,5404,7625,4285,595100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American571351261691.
Hispanic or Latino802952682491.
American Indian or Alaska Native122127200.
Asian or Pacific Islander2436031,3731,4655.412.725.326.2
Pharmacy 8
All races 121,62829,79734,48152,685100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American9452,1033,1323,3954.
Hispanic or Latino4591,1181,2552,1862.
American Indian or Alaska Native36851372630.
Asian or Pacific Islander1,0353,3467,39211,6384.811.221.422.1
All races 12,5772,2211,9682,144100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American1102351771934.310.69.09.0
Hispanic or Latino391491031111.
American Indian or Alaska Native671290.
Asian or Pacific Islander691592722862.
Public Health 9
All races 18,48611,38616,01923,357100.0100.0100.0100.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 Black or African American3795991,2802,2226.
Hispanic or Latino2427481,0371,7294.
American Indian or Alaska Native8881971411.
Asian or Pacific Islander3935001,6602,4256.55.310.412.5

Includes other and unknown races; may also include foreign students.


Includes students from the University of Puerto Rico.


Starting with 2002–2003 data, allopathic medical students had the option of reporting both their race and ethnicity alone or in combination with some other race or ethnicity, allowing multiple responses. Therefore, the data prior to 2002 are not directly comparable to later data. Total enrollments include unduplicated number of enrollments only. Therefore, the data for 2007–2008 and subsequent years are not directly comparable to earlier years.


Includes Cuban students.


Starting with 2000–2001, data include Asian students and Native Hawaiian students; for previous years data included Asian students only.


Starting with 2006, students could be reported in multiple race/ethnicity categories. All racial/ethnic groups will not add to the total enrollment. Percentages do not total to 100%. Other/unknown are not listed, and students designating multiple race/ethnicity may be counted in more than one category.


Data include full-time students only.


Prior to 2000–2001, total enrollment data were only for students in the final 3 years of pharmacy education. Starting with 2000–2001, pharmacy data are for all students. Starting in 2005, enrollments include PharmD.1. only. In 2006–2007, one pharmacy school did not report enrollment data.


Data from 2007 on, include a school of public health in Mexico and Puerto Rico.

NOTES: Total enrollment data are collected at the beginning of the academic year. The race categories’ summed totals may not add up to the total number of students for all races. Some numbers have been revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States.

SOURCE: American Dental Association: 2008–2009 Survey of Dental Education: Academic Programs, Enrollments, and Graduates - Vol. 1, Chicago, IL. 2008. Table 19; p.42 (total enrollment by ethnicity/race) (Copyright 2010 American Dental Association. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.) Any form of reproduction is strictly prohibited without prior written permission of American Dental Association; Association of American Medical Colleges: FACTS - Applicants, Matriculants, Graduates, MD/PhD, and Residency Applicants data. Table 28 (enrollment data) Available from: http://www​ Association of American Medical Colleges: AAMC Data Book 2011 - Medical Schools and Teaching Hospitals by the Numbers, Washington, DC. 2011. Table B7 - Archive of U.S. Medical School Total Enrollment by Race and Ethnicity (enrollment data). Used with the permission of the AAMC; American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. A Report on a Survey of Osteopathic Medical School Growth, 2007–2008, Chevy Chase, MD. Fast Facts about Osteopathic Medical Education. Available from: http://www​​/data/studentenrollment/Pages/default​.aspx and http://www​​/data/studentenrollment​/Documents/Total-enroll-by-race-eth-2-11-11.xls. Reprinted with permission from AACOM. All rights reserved; Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry: Annual Student Data Report Academic Years 1980–1981, 1990–1991, 2000–2001, 2007–2008, and 2008–2009. Available from: http://www​; American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy: Fall 2000 and Fall 2007–2009 editions of the Profile of Pharmacy Students, Available from: http://www​; American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine: Applicant, Matriculant, and Graduate Statistics, 2006, 2007, and 2008. Available from: http://www​; Association of Schools of Public Health: Annual Data Reports, 2008. Washington, DC. Available from: http://www​; Bureau of Health Professions: United States Health Personnel FACTBOOK. Health Resources and Services Administration. Rockville, MD. 2003. See Appendix I, American Dental Association (ADA); Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC); American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM); Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO); American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP); American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine (AACPM); Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2011
Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2012 May.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.