Table 1Delivery stays with and without complicating conditions*, 2009

Vaginal deliveriesCesarean section deliveries
With complicating conditionsWithout complicating conditions
 Total number of discharges2,485,700237,1001,373,300
 (Percentage of all childbirth stays)60.7%5.8%33.5%
Rate per 1,000 population140.13.822.1
 Mean length of stay, days2.21.93.5
 Mean hospital costs$3,200$2,600$5,300
 Aggregate costs (billions)$8.0$0.6$7.3
 Mean age, years27.125.328.6
Health insurance (percentage distribution)
 Private insurance47.936.051.8

Source: AHRQ, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2009


Complicating conditions include all conditions that are categorized as complications of pregnancy, delivery, or the puerperium based on ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes.

Excludes 1,300 C-section deliveries for which no complicating conditions were indicated on the record.


Females ages 15 to 44.

Note: Counts of hospital stays are based on all-listed diagnoses, but each stay is counted only once.

From: Complicating Conditions of Vaginal Deliveries and Cesarean Sections, 2009

Cover of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs [Internet].

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.