TABLE 4-4Other viruses suggested to have potential in biological warfare or biological terrorism

  • Smallpox
  • Monkeypox
  • Nipah
  • “Viral encephalitides”

    Venezuelan equine encephalitis


    Other alphaviruses


    Tick-borne encephalitis virus

  • “Eradicated”: polio and measles
  • Influenza A: 1918 strain, Hong Kong H5N1, others

From: 4, The Research Agenda: Implications for Therapeutic Countermeasures to Biological Threats

Cover of Biological Threats and Terrorism
Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing The Science and Response Capabilities: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Emerging Infections; Knobler SL, Mahmoud AAF, Pray LA, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2002.
Copyright © 2002, National Academy of Sciences.

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