TABLE 3-2Percentages of First-Year College Students Intending to Major in Science and Engineering, by Sex and Race or Ethnicity, 2004

OverallAfrican AmericanHispanicNative AmericanAsian AmericanWhite
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
Physical sciences2.91.91.71.92.11.33.22.12.62.03.01.9
Life sciences7.49.07.510.97.910.48.29.014.118.06.47.7
Mathematics1.00.60.60.40.80.70.70.51.00.81.00.7
Computer sciences4.10.46.21.54.50.64.70.54.10.63.90.3
Social and behavioral sciences7.511.57.114.38.715.68.714.46.710.67.410.6
Engineering17.92.915.12.921.03.115.22.925.85.617.02.7
Total 40.8 26.3 38.2 31.9 45.0 31.7 40.7 29.4 54.3 25.8 38.7 23.9

NOTES: Physical sciences include earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences; life sciences include agricultural sciences and biological sciences; and social and behavioral sciences includes psychology. The Hispanic American category includes Latinos; Native American includes Alaskan Natives and American Indians; and Asian American includes Pacific Islanders. Students with unknown race or ethnicity and those who are temporary residents are not included.

SOURCE: National Science Board (2006). Science and Engineering Indicators, 2006. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, Appendix Table 2-6. Data compiled from HS Astin (2005). Survey of the American Freshman: National Norms. Higher Education Research Institute, University of California at Los Angeles.

From: 3, Examining Persistence and Attrition

Cover of Beyond Bias and Barriers
Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering.
National Academy of Sciences (US), National Academy of Engineering (US), and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.
Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.

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