Table I-6Outcome measure: preventive care adherence

StudyLocationGeneral settingSpecific settingDurationSourceObjectiveRelationResponseFormatModeQuality
Apkon et al., 200532USACommunityOutpatientNRComDiagnosis
Chronic disease management
Preventive
SyncNo responseIntegratedSystem (push)Good
Bertoni et al., 200933USACommunityOutpatientNRLocalChronic disease managementSyncNo responseStandaloneUser et al., pull)Good
Burack et al., 199434 and Burack et al., 199735USACommunityOutpatient2 yearsLocalPreventiveSyncJustificationPaperSystem (push)Good
Burack et al., 199836USACommunityOutpatient1 yearLocalPreventiveSyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Good
Burack et al., 200337USACommunityOutpatient1 yearLocalPreventiveSyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Good
Cannon et al., 200038USAAcademicOutpatient9 moLocalDiagnosisSyncMandatoryStandaloneSystem (push)Fair
Chambers et al., 198939USAAcademicOutpatient6 moLocalPreventiveSyncNR, assume no responsePaperSystem (push)Good
Demakis et al., 200040USAVAOutpatient17 moLocalImmunization
Chronic disease management
Preventive
SyncNR, assume no responseIntegrated, PaperSystem (push)Good
Dexter et al., 200141USAAcademicInpatient18 moLocalImmunization
Pharmacology
SyncMandatoryIntegratedSystem (push)Good
Dexter et al., 200442USAAcademicInpatient14 moLocalImmunizationSyncNR, unclearIntegratedSystem (push)Good
Dykes et al., 201043USAAcademic and CommunityInpatient6 moLocalDiagnosis
Preventive
SyncNR, assume no responseOnline, PaperUser (pull)Fair
Eccles et al., 200244EuropeCommunityOutpatient12 moComChronic disease managementSyncNR, assume no responseIntegratedSystem (push)Fair
Fiks et al., 200945USAAcademic and CommunityOutpatient6 moComImmunizationSyncNR unclearIntegratedSystem (push)Fair
Flanagan et al., 199946USAAcademicOutpatient10 moLocalImmunizationSyncNoncommittal ackOnlineUser (pull)Poor
Frank et al., 200447AustraliaCommunityOutpatientNRNRImmunization
Preventive
NRNR, unclearIntegratedNRFair
Fretheim et al., 200648 and Fretheim et al., 200649EuropeCommunityOutpatient1 yearComPharmacologySyncNo responseIntegratedSystem (push)Fair
Gill et al., 200950USAAcademic and CommunityOutpatient1 yearComPharmacology
Lab test ordering
Chronic disease management
Preventive
SyncNoncommittal ackIntegratedSystem (push)Poor
Gilutz et al., 200911EuropeCommunityOutpatient6 to 36 moLocalPharmacology
Chronic disease management
Preventive
NR, not clearly describedNR, assume no responsePaperSystem (push)Poor
Hobbs et al., 199651EuropeNROutpatient6 moNRDiagnosis
Lab test ordering
Preventive
SyncNR, unclearStandaloneUser (pull)Poor
Holbrook et al., 200952CanadaCommunityOutpatientNRNR, not clearly describedChronic disease management
Initiating discussion
SyncNR, assume no responseOnlineNR, not clearly definedFair
Kenealy et al., 200553New ZealandCommunityOutpatient2 moComPreventiveSyncNo responseIntegratedUser (pull)Good
Kucher et al., 200517USAAcademicInpatient40 moLocalPreventiveSyncMandatoryIntegratedSystem (push)Good
Litzleman et al., 199354USAAcademicOutpatient6 moLocalLab test ordering
Preventive
SyncMandatory, justification requiredPaperSystem (push)Fair
Lobach et al., 199455USAAcademicOutpatient6 moLocalLab test ordering
Chronic disease management
Preventive
SyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Good
McDowell et al., 198656CanadaAcademicOutpatient10 wkNR, not clearly describedImmunization
Preventive
SyncNR, unclearPaperSystem (push)Fair
McDowell et al., 198957CanadaAcademicOutpatient1 yearLocalPreventiveSyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Fair
McPhee et al., 198958USAAcademicOutpatient9 moLocalPreventiveSyncJustificationPaperSystem (push)Fair
Ornstein et al., 199159USAAcademicOutpatient1 yearNR, not clearly describedLab test ordering preventiveSyncJustificationPaperSystem (push)Fair
Overhage et al., 199660USAAcademicInpatient6 moLocalPreventiveSyncNoncommittal ackPaperSystem (push)Good
Peterson et al., 200861USACommunityOutpatient12 moNR, not clearly describedChronic disease managementSyncNR, assume no responsePaperSystem (push)Good
Price, 200562CanadaNROutpatient2 moComPreventiveSyncNR, unclearStandaloneUser (pull)Poor
Reeve et al., 200763AustraliaAcademicOutpatient6 wkComPharmacologySyncNR, unclearStandaloneSystem (push)Good
Rosser et al., 199164CanadaAcademicOutpatient12 moLocalImmunization
Preventive
SyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Fair
Rosser et al., 199265CanadaAcademicOutpatient12 moLocalImmunizationSyncNo responsePaperSystem (push)Fair
Sequist et al., 200566USAAcademic and CommunityOutpatient6 moLocalPharmacology
Preventive
SyncNo responseIntegrated, PaperSystem (push)Poor
Sequist et al., 200923USACommunityOutpatient15 moComLab test ordering
Preventive
SyncMandatoryIntegratedSystem (push)Fair
Taylor et al., 199967USAAcademic and CommunityOutpatient15 moNR, not clearly describedLab test ordering
Initiating discussion
Preventive
SyncNR, unclearPaperSystem (push)Good
Tierney et al., 198668USAAcademicOutpatient7 moLocalImmunization
Lab test ordering
Preventive
SyncNoncommittal ackPaperSystem (push)Good
Tierney et al., 200526USAAcademicOutpatient28 moLocalChronic disease managementSyncNR, unclearIntegratedSystem (push)Poor
Unrod et al., 200769USACommunityOutpatientNRLocalInitiating discussionSyncNR, assume no responsePaperSystem (push)Fair
van Wyk et al., 200870EuropeCommunityOutpatientNRComDiagnosis Preventive
Screening and treatment of dyslipidemia
SyncNR, assume no responseIntegratedSystem (push)Good
McDonald et al., 198419USAAcademicOutpatient2 yearsLocalImmunization
Pharmacology
Lab test ordering
Chronic disease management
Preventive
SyncNoncommittal ackPaperSystem (push)Good
McDonald et al., 199220USAAcademicOutpatient3 yearsLocalImmunizationAsyncNR, assume no responsePaperSystem (push)Good

Abbreviations: ack = acknowledgment, com = commercial, mo = month/months, NR = not reported, sync = synchronous, VA = Veterans Administration, wk = week/weeks

From: Appendix I, Summary Tables for Key Question 3

Cover of Enabling Health Care Decisionmaking Through Clinical Decision Support and Knowledge Management
Enabling Health Care Decisionmaking Through Clinical Decision Support and Knowledge Management.
Evidence Report/Technology Assessments, No. 203.
Lobach D, Sanders GD, Bright TJ, et al.

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