BOX 4-1Risk and Protective Factors

Risk Factors

  • School
    • -Low commitment to school
    • -Academic failure
  • Family
    • -Poor family management
    • -Family conflict
    • -Favorable parental attitudes and involvement in the problem behavior
  • Individual and Peer
    • -Early antisocial behavior
    • -Favorable attitudes
    • -Early initiation
    • -Friends who engage in problem behaviors
    • -Constitutional factors

Protective Factors

  • In the socializing units of family, school, and peers:
    • -Opportunities
    • -Skills
    • -Recognition
    • -Bonding
    • -Healthy beliefs and clear standards

From: 4, Strategies to Improve Safety

Cover of Preventing Teen Motor Crashes
Preventing Teen Motor Crashes: Contributions from the Behavioral and Social Sciences: Workshop Report.
National Research Council (US), Institute of Medicine (US), and Transportation Research Board (US) Program Committee for a Workshop on Contributions from the Behavioral and Social Sciences in Reducing and Preventing Teen Motor Crashes.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.
Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.