TABLE C-18Average Incremental Reduction in Hourly Wages Due to Selected Pain Conditions (US$2010)

ConditionsModel 1Model 2Model 3
Moderate Pain$1.65$0.99$0.97
Severe Pain3.761.651.66
Joint Pain0.260.050.05
Functional Disability9.369.37

NOTES: Dollar amounts were adjusted for inflation as of 2010 using the General Consumer Price Index. This analysis is based on the total noninstitutionalized adult subpopulation of the United States for individuals aged 24–64, who represented 156 million individuals as of 2008. Model 2 includes functional disability in addition to all the other control variables. Model 3 includes functional disability, asthma, and diabetes in addition to all the other control variables.

SOURCE: Based on authors’ calculations using the 2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

From: Appendix C, The Economic Costs of Pain in the United States

Cover of Relieving Pain in America
Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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