TABLE C-17Total Incremental Costs of Number of Hours of Work Missed Because of Selected Pain Conditions (in millions of US$2010 and millions of persons)

ConditionsPopulationModel 1Model 2Model 3
Moderate Pain14.1$11,380$2,846$2,618
Severe Pain15.627,9395,4225,472
Joint Pain49.119,7505,5505,296
Arthritis32.937,47220,53020,090
Functional Disability14.961,49561,742
Total69.8$96,542$95,744$95,217

NOTES: Dollar amounts were adjusted for inflation as of 2010 using the General Consumer Price Index. This analysis is based on the total noninstitutionalized adult subpopulation of the United States for individuals aged 24–64, who represented 156 million individuals as of 2008. Model 2 includes functional disability in addition to all the other control variables. Model 3 includes functional disability, asthma, and diabetes in addition to all the other control variables. To compute the total cost, we multiplied the total of annual hours of work missed by the predicted hourly wage rate for individuals with the pain condition. A total of 69.8 million persons had at least one of the pain conditions studied. The population totals for the selected pain conditions do not sum to 69.8 million because some persons have multiple conditions.

SOURCE: Based on authors’ calculations using the 2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

From: Appendix C, The Economic Costs of Pain in the United States

Cover of Relieving Pain in America
Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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