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Greer N, Brasure M, Wilt TJ. Wheeled Mobility (Wheelchair) Service Delivery [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2012 Jan. (Comparative Effectiveness Technical Briefs, No. 9.)

  • This publication is provided for historical reference only and the information may be out of date.

This publication is provided for historical reference only and the information may be out of date.

Cover of Wheeled Mobility (Wheelchair) Service Delivery

Wheeled Mobility (Wheelchair) Service Delivery [Internet].

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Appendix ATerminology and Abbreviations

Terminology

Complex Rehabilitation Technology

“Individually configured manual wheelchair systems, power wheelchair systems, adaptive seating systems, alternative positioning systems, and other mobility devices.15

Manual Wheelchair

Self-propelled chairs for disabled individuals with the upper body movement and strength sufficient to propel the chair by pushing the rims of the chair. These chairs come in a variety of sizes, materials, and designs and can offer a wide array of features.75,76

  • Lightweight manual wheelchairs—weigh less than 34 pounds without footrests or armrests. These chairs can be sized to the user, but often do not offer features that allow for substantial adjustability.76
  • Ultralight manual wheelchairs—weigh less than 30 pounds without foot or arm supports. These chairs are the highest-quality chairs designed specifically as an active mobility device. They are highly adjustable and offer features that improve ease of use and comfort.76

Mobility Assistive Equipment (MAE)

Manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs, scooters; also includes canes and walkers.

Power Wheelchair

Chairs that use a battery-powered motor that propels wheels; used by people with little to no movement in the upper body and limbs. These chairs come in a variety of configurations. Components of power wheelchairs include a power base which contains the wheels and electronics. The base provides for a variety of seating systems and seat functions to be attached.75,76

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ADL

activities of daily living

AT

assistive technology

ATP

assistive technology professional

CF

cystic fibrosis

CMS

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CP

cerebral palsy

CPT

current procedural terminology

DME

durable medical equipment

EPIOC

electronically powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair

MAE

mobility assistive equipment

MD

muscular dystrophy

MS

multiple sclerosis

NARIC

National Rehabilitation Information Center

NRRTS

National Registry of Rehabilitation Technology Suppliers

OT

occupational therapy

PAPAW

push rim activated power assist wheelchair

PMD

power mobility device

PT

physical therapy

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

SB

spina bifida

SCI

spinal cord injury

SMS

seating and mobility specialist

VA

Veterans Administration

WHO

World Health Organization

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