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Skerman VBD, McGowan V, Sneath PHA, editors. Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended). Washington (DC): ASM Press; 1989.

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Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended).

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S

Saccharomonospora Nonomura and Ohara 1971
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1971. Journal of Fermentation Technology 49:895–903. Type species: S. viridis (Schuurmans, Olson and San Clemente 1956) Nonomura and Ohara 1971
Description: Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1971. Ibid.

S. viridis (Schuurmans, Olson and San Clemente 1956) Nonomura and Ohara 1971
Schuurmans, D.M., B.H. Olson and C.L. San Clemente. 1956. Applied Microbiology 4:61–66; Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1971. Journal of Fermentation Technology 49:895–903. Type strain: ATCC 15386
Description: Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1971. Ibid.

Saccharopolyspora Lacey and Goodfellow 1975
Lacey, J. and M. Goodfellow. 1975. Journal of General Microbiology 88:75–85. Type species: S. hirsuta Lacey and Goodfellow 1975
Description: Lacey, J. and M. Goodfellow. 1975. Ibid.

S. hirsuta Lacey and Goodfellow 1975
Lacey, J. and M. Goodfellow. 1975. Journal of General Microbiology 88:75–85. Type strain: ATCC 27875
Description: Lacey, J. and M. Goodfellow. 1975. Ibid.

Salmonella Lignieres 1900
Lignieres, J. 1900. Bulletin of the Society for Central Medical Veterinarians ns 18:389–431. Type species: S. choleraesuis (Smith 1894) Weldin 1927
Description: Bergey 8.

S. arizonae (Borman 1957) Kauffman 1964
Borman, E.K. 1957 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and N.R. Smith (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 346–348; Kauffman, F. 1964 in van Oye, E. The world problem of slamonellosis. Junk Publications, The Hague. Type strain: ATCC 13314
Description: Kauffman, F. 1964. Ibid.

S. choleraesuis (Smith 1894) Weldin 1927
Smith, T. 1894. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Animal Industry 6:6–40; Weldin, J.C. 1927. Iowa State Journal of Science 1:121–197. Type strain: ATCC 13312
Description: Bergey 8.

S. enteritidis (Gaertner 1888) Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Gaertner, E. 1888. Korrespondenzblatt des Allgemeinen arztilchen Vereins von Thuringen 17:573–600; Castellani, A. and A.J. Chalmers. 1919. Manual of tropical medicine, 3rd ed. Williams, Wood and Co., New York. p. 939. Type strain: ATCC 13076
Description: Bergey 8.

S. typhi (Schroeter 1886) Warren and Scott 1930
Schroeter, J. 1885–1889 in Cohn, F. Kryptogamenflora von Schlesien. Band 3, Heft 3, Pilze. J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau. pp. 1–814; Warren S.H. and W.M. Scott. 1930. Journal of Hygiene 29:415–417. Type strain: ATCC 19430
Description: Bergey 8.

S. typhimurium (Loeffler 1892) Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Loeffler, F. 1892. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 11:129–141; Castellani, A. and A.J. Chalmers. 1919. Manual of tropical medicine, 3rd ed. Williams, Wood and Co., New York, p. 939. Type strain: ATCC 13311
Description: Bergey 8.

Saprospira Gross 1911
Gross, J. 1911. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel 20:188–203. Type species: S. grandis Gross 1911
Description: Bergey 8.

S. grandis Gross 1911
Gross, J. 1911. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel 20:188–203. Type strain: ATCC 23119
Description: Bergey 8.

Sarcina Goodsir 1842
Goodsir, J. 1842. Edinburgh Medical Surgery Journal 57:430–443. Type species: S. ventriculi Goodsir 1842
Description: Bergey 8.

S. maxima Lindner 1888
Lindner, P. 1888. Inaugural Dissertation, Friedrich-Wilhems Universitat, pp. 1–59. Type strain: DSM 316
Description: Bergey 8.

S. ventriculi Goodsir 1842
Goodsir, J. 1842. Edinburgh Medical Surgery Journal 57:430–443. Type strain: ATCC 19633
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

Selenomonas von Prowazek 1913
von Prowazek, S. 1913. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 70:32–36. Type species: S. sputigena (Flugge 1886) Boskamp 1922
Description: Bergey 8.

S. ruminantium (Certes 1889) Wenyon 1926
Certes, A. 1889. Bulletin de la Societe Zoologie Francaise 14:70–73; Wenyon, C.M. 1926. Protozoology, Vol. I. Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, London. pp. 1–778. Type strain: ATCC 12561
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

S. ruminantium subsp. lactilytica Bryant 1956
Bryant, M.P. 1956. Journal of Bacteriology 72:162–167. Type strain: ATCC 19205
Description: Bergey 8.

S. ruminantium subsp. ruminantium Bryant 1974
Bryant, M.P. 1974 in Bergey 8. Type strain: ATCC 12561
Description: Bergey 8.

S. sputigena (Flugge 1886) Boskamp 1922
Flugge, C. 1886. Die Mikroorganismen. F.C.W. Vogel, Leipzig; Boskamp, E. 1922. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 88:58–73. Type strain: VPI 10068
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

Seliberia Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963
Aristovskaya, T.V. and O.M. Parinkina. 1963. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences USSR (Series Biology) 218:49–56. Type species: S. stellata Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963
Description: Bergey 8.

S. stellata Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963
Aristovskaya, T.V. and O.M. Parinkina. 1963. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences USSR (Series Biology) 218:49–56. Type strain: INMI N-9
Description: Bergey 8.

Serpens Hespell 1977
Hespell, R.B. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:371–381. Type species: S. flexibilis Hespell 1977
Description: Hespell, R.B. 1977. Ibid.

S. flexibilis Hespell 1977
Hespell, R.B. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:371–381. Type strain: ATCC 29606
Description: Hespell, R.B. 1977. Ibid.

Serratia Bizio 1823
Bizio, B. 1823. Biblioteca Italiana o sia Giornale di Letteratura, Scienze e Arti (Anno VIII) 30:275–295. Type species: S. marcescens Bizio 1823
Description: Bergey 8.

S. fonticola Gavini, Ferragut, Izard, Trinel, Leclerc, Lefebvre and Mossel 1979
Gavini, F., C. Ferragut, D. Izard, P.A. Trinel, H. Leclerc, B. Lefebvre and D.A.A. Mossel. 1979. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:92–101. Type strain: ATCC 29844
Description: Gavini, F., C. Ferragut, D. Izard, P.A. Trinel, H. Leclerc, B. Lefebvre and D.A.A. Mossel. 1979. Ibid.

S. liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb, Lapage, Willcox and Curtis 1971
Grimes, M. and P.J. Hennerty. 1931. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Society Dublin 20:89–97; Bascomb, S., S.P. Lapage, W.R. Willcox and M.A. Curtis. 1971. Journal of General Microbiology 66:279–295. Type strain: ATCC 27592
Description: Bascomb, S., S.P. Lapage, W.R. Willcox and M.A. Curtis. 1971. Ibid.

S. marcescens Bizio 1823
Bizio, B. 1923. Biblioteca Italiana o sia Giornale di Letteratura, Scienze e Arti (Anno VIII) 30:275–295. Type strain: ATCC 13880
Description: Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont, H.L.C. Dulong de Rosnay and P.H.A. Sneath. 1977. Journal of General Microbiology 98:39–66.

S. marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944
ZoBell, C.E. and H.C. Upham. 1944. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series) 5:239–292. Type strain: ATCC 27593
Description: Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont, H.L.C. Dulong de Rosnay and P.H.A. Sneath. 1977. Journal of General Microbiology 98:39–66.

S. odorifera Grimont, Grimont, Richard, Davis, Steigerwalt and Brenner 1978
Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont, C. Richard, B.R. Davis, A.G. Steigerwalt and D.J. Brenner. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:453–463. Type strain: CDC 1979–77
Description: Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont, C. Richard, B.R. Davis, A.G. Steigerwalt and D.J. Brenner. 1978. Ibid.

S. plymuthica (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Breed, Murray and Hitchens 1948
Lehmann, K.B. and R. Neumann. 1896. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 1st ed. J.F. Lehmann, Munchen; Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens. 1948. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–1529. Type strain: ATCC 183
Description: Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont, H.L.C. Dulong de Rosnay and P.H.A. Sneath. 1977. Journal of General Microbiology 98:39–66.

S. proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont, Grimont and Starr 1978
Paine, S.G. and H. Stansfield. 1919. Annals of Applied Biology 6:27–39; Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont and M.P. Starr. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:503–510. Type strain: ATCC 19323
Description: Grimont, P.A.D., F. Grimont and M.P. Starr. 1978. Ibid.

S. rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing, Davis, Fife and Lessel 1973
Stapp, C. 1940. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 102:251–266; Ewing, W.H., B.R. Davis, M.A. Fife and E.F. Lessel. 1973. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:217–225. Type strain: ATCC 27593
Description: Ewing, W.H., B.R. Davis, M.A. Fife and E.F. Lessel. 1973. Ibid.

Shigella Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Castellani, A. and A.J. Chalmers. 1919. Manual of tropical medicine, 3rd ed. Williams, Wood and Co., New York. Type species: S. dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Description: Bergey 8.

S. boydii Ewing 1949
Ewing, W.H. 1949. Journal of Bacteriology 57:633–638. Type strain: ATCC 8700
Description: Ewing, W.H. 1949. Ibid.

S. dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Shiga, K. 1898. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 24:817–828; Castellani, A. and A.J. Chalmers. 1919. Manual of tropical medicine, 3rd ed. Williams, Wood and Co., New York. p. 935. Type strain: ATCC 13313
Description: Bergey 8.

S. flexneri Castellani and Chalmers 1919
Castellani, A. and A.J. Chalmers. 1919. Manual of tropical medicine, 3rd ed. Williams, Wood and Co., New York. p. 937. Type strain: ATCC 29903
Description: Bergey 8.

S. sonnei (Levine 1920) Weldin 1927
Levine, M. 1920. Journal of Infectious Diseases 27:31–39; Weldin, J.C. 1927. Iowa State Journal of Science 1:121–197. Type strain: ATCC 29930
Description: Bergey 8.

Simonsiella Schmid 1922
Schmid, G. 1922 in Simons, H. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektions- krankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 88:501–510. Type species: S. muelleri Schmid 1922
Description: Bergey 8.

S. crassa Schmid 1922
Schmid, G. 1922 in Simons, H. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 88:501–510. Type strain: ATCC 15533
Description: Bergey 8.

S. muelleri Schmid 1922
Schmid, G. 1922 in Simons, H. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 88:501–510. Type strain: ATCC 29453
Description: Kuhn, D.A. and D.A. Gregory. 1978. Current Microbiology 1:11–14.

S. steedae Kuhn and Gregory 1979
Kuhn, D.A. and D.A. Gregory. 1979 in International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:79–80; Effective publication Kuhn, D.A. and D.A. Gregory. 1978. Current Microbiology 1:11–14. Type strain: ATCC 27409
Description: Kuhn, D.A. and D.A. Gregory. 1978. Ibid.

Sphaerotilus Kutzing 1833
Kutzing, F.T. 1833. Linnaea 8:335–387. Type species: S. natans Kutzing 1833
Description: Bergey 8.

S. natans Kutzing 1833
Kutzing, F.T. 1833. Linnaea 8:335–387. Type strain: ATCC 13338
Description: Stokes, J.L. 1954. Journal of Bacteriology 67:278–291.

Spirillospora Couch 1963
Couch, N.J. 1963. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 79:53–70. Type species: S. albida Couch 1963
Description: Bergey 8.

S. albida Couch 1963
Couch, J.N. 1963. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 79:53–70. Type strain: ATCC 15331
Description: Bergey 8.

Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832
Ehrenberg, C.G. 1832. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1830, pp. 1–88. Type species: S. volutans Ehrenberg 1832
Description: Bergey 8.

S. volutans Ehrenberg 1832
Ehrenberg, C.G. 1832. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1830, pp. 1–88. Type strain: ATCC 19554
Description: Hylemon, P.B., J.S. Wells Jr., J.H. Bowdre, T.O. MacAdoo and N.R. Krieg. 1973. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:20–27.

Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835
Ehrenberg, C.G. 1835. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin) aus den Jahre 1833–1835, pp. 143–336. Type species: S. plicatilis Ehrenberg 1835
Description: Bergey 8.

S. halophila Greenberg and Canale-Parola 1977
Greenberg, E.P. and E. Canale-Parola. 1977 in International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:306; Effective publication Greenberg, E.P. and E. Canale-Parola. 1976. Archives of Microbiology 110:185–194. Type strain: ATCC 29478
Description: Greenberg, E.P. and E. Canale-Parola. 1976. Ibid.

S. plicatilis Ehrenberg 1835
Ehrenberg, C.G. 1835. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin) aus den Jahre 1833–1835, pp. 143–336. Type strain: no culture available.
Description: Bergey 8.

S. stenostrepta Zuelzer 1912
Zuelzer, M. 1912. Archiv fur Protistenkunde 24:1–59. Type strain: ATCC 25083
Description: Bergey 8.

Spiroplasma Saglio, Lhospital, Lafleche, Dupont, Bove, Tully and Freundt 1973
Saglio, P., M. Lhospital, D. Lafleche, G. Dupont, J.M. Bove, J.G. Tully and E.A. Freundt. 1973. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:191–204. Type species: S. citri Saglio, Lhospital, Lafleche, Dupont, Bove, Tully and Freundt 1973
Description: Bergey 8.

S. citri Saglio, Lhospital, Lafleche, Dupont, Bove, Tully and Freundt 1973
Saglio, P., M. Lhospital, D. Lafleche, G. Dupont, J.M. Bove, J.G. Tully and E.A. Freundt. 1973. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:191–204. Type strain: ATCC 27556
Description: Saglio, P., M. Lhospital, D. Lafleche, G. Dupont, J.M. Bove, J.G. Tully and E.A. Freundt. 1973. Ibid.

Spirosoma Migula 1894
Migula, W. 1894. Arbeiten aus dem Bakteriologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule zu Karlsruhe 1:235–238. Type species: S. linguale Migula 1894
Description: Larkin, J.M., P.M. Williams and R. Taylor. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:147–156.

S. linguale Migula 1894
Migula, W. 1894. Arbeiten aus dem Bakteriologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule zu Karlsruhe 1:235–238. Type strain: DSM 74
Description: Larkin, J.M., P.M. Williams and R. Taylor. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:147–156.

Sporichthya Lechevalier, Lechevalier and Holbert 1968
Lechevalier, M.P., H.A. Lechevalier and P.E. Holbert. 1968. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 114:277–285. Type species: S. polymorpha Lechevalier, Lechevalier and Holbert 1968
Description: Bergey 8.

S. polymorpha Lechevalier, Lechevalier and Holbert 1968
Lechevalier, H.A., M.P. Lechevalier and P.E. Holbert. 1968. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 114:277–285. Type strain: ATCC 23823
Description: Lechevalier, M.P., H.A. Lechevalier and P.E. Holbert. 1968. Ibid.

Sporocytophaga Stanier 1940
Stanier, R.Y. 1940. Journal of Bacteriology 40:619–636. Type species: S. myxococcoides (Krzemieniewska 1933) Stanier 1940
Description: Bergey 8.

S. myxococcoides (Krzemieniewska 1933) Stanier 1940
Krzemieniewska, H. 1933. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 4:394–408; Stanier, R.Y. 1940. Journal of Bacteriology 40:619–636. Type strain: ATCC 10010
Description: Bergey 8.

Sporolactobacillus Kitahara and Suzuki 1963
Kitahara, K. and J. Suzuki. 1963. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 9:59–71. Type species: S. inulinus (Kitahara and Suzuki 1963) Kitahara and Lai 1967
Description: Bergey 8.

S. inulinus (Kitahara and Suzuki 1963) Kitahara and Lai 1967
Kitahara, K. and J. Suzuki. 1963. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 9:59–71; Kitahara, K. and C.L. Lai. 1967. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 13:197–203. Type strain: ATCC 15538
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

Sporosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936
Kluyver, A.J. and C.B. van Niel. 1936. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 94:369–403. Type species: S. ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936
Description: Bergey 8.

S. ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936
Beijerinck, M.W. 1901. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 7:33–61; Kluyver, A.J. and C.B. van Niel. 1936. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 94:369–403. Type strain: ATCC 6473
Description: Bergey 8.

Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884
Rosenbach, F.J. 1884. Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden. pp. 1–122. Type species: S. aureus Rosenbach 1884
Description: Bergey 8.

S. aureus Rosenbach 1884
Rosenbach, F.J. 1884. Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden. pp. 1–122. Type strain: ATCC 12600
Description: Bergey 8.

S. capitis Kloos and Schleifer 1975
Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:62–79. Type strain: ATCC 27840
Description: Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. Ibid.

S. cohnii Schleifer and Kloos 1975
Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:50–61. Type strain: ATCC 29974
Description: Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. Ibid.

S. epidermidis (Winslow and Winslow 1908) Evans 1916
Winslow, C.E.A. and A.R. Winslow. 1908. The systematic relationships of the Coccaceae. John Wiley, New York; Evans, A.C. 1916. Journal of Infectious Diseases 18:437–476. Type strain: ATCC 14990
Description: Bergey 8.

S. haemolyticus Schleifer and Kloos 1975
Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:50–61. Type strain: ATCC 29970
Description: Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. Ibid.

S. hominis Kloos and Schleifer 1975
Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:62–79. Type strain: ATCC 27844
Description: Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. Ibid.

S. hyicus (Sompolinski 1953) Devriese, Hajek, Oeding, Meyer and Schleifer 1978
Sompolinski, D. 1953. Schweizerishces Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 95:302–339; Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:482–490. Type strain: ATCC 11249
Description: Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. Ibid.

S. hyicus subsp. chromogenes Devriese, Hajek, Oeding, Meyer and Schleifer 1978
Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:482–490. Type strain: NCTC 10530
Description: Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. Ibid.

S. hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinski 1953) Devriese, Hajek, Oeding, Meyer and Schleifer 1978
Sompolinski, D. 1953. Schweizerisehes Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 95:302–339; Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:482–490. Type strain: ATCC 11249
Description: Devriese, L.A., V. Hajek, P. Oeding, S.A. Meyer and K.H. Schleifer. 1978. Ibid.

S. intermedius Hajek 1976
Hajek, V. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:401–408. Type strain: ATCC 29663
Description: Hajek, V. 1976. Ibid.

S. saprophyticus (Fairbrother 1940) Shaw, Stitt and Cowan 1951
Fairbrother, R.W. 1940. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 50:83–88; Shaw, C., J.M. Stitt and S.T. Cowan. 1951. Journal of General Microbiology 5:1010–1023. Type strain: ATCC 15305
Description: Bergey 8.

S. sciuri Kloos, Schleifer and Smith 1976
Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:22–37. Type strain: ATCC 29062
Description: Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. Ibid.

S. sciuri subsp. lentus Kloos, Schleifer and Smith 1976
Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:22–37. Type strain: ATCC 29070
Description: Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. Ibid.

S. sciuri subsp. sciuri Kloos, Schleifer and Smith 1976
Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:22–37. Type strain: ATCC 29062
Description: Kloos, W.E., K.H. Schleifer and R.F. Smith. 1976. Ibid.

S. simulans Kloos and Schleifer 1975
Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:62–79. Type strain: ATCC 27848
Description: Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. Ibid.

S. warneri Kloos and Schleifer 1975
Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:62–79. Type strain: ATCC 27836
Description: Kloos, W.E. and K.H. Schleifer. 1975. Ibid.

S. xylosus Schleifer and Kloos 1975
Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 25:50–61. Type strain: ATCC 29971
Description: Schleifer, K.H. and W.E. Kloos. 1975. Ibid.

Stibiobacter Lyalikova 1974
Lyalikova, N.N. 1974. Mikrobiologiya 43:799–805. Type species: S. senarmontii Lyalikova 1974
Description: Lyalikova, N.N. 1974. Ibid.

S. senarmontii Lyalikova 1974
Lyalikova, N.N. 1974. Mikrobiologiya 43:799–805. Type strain: VKM MV-1130
Description: Lyalikova, N.N. 1974. Ibid.

Stigmatella Berkeley and Curtis 1875
Berkeley, M.J. and Curtis. 1875 in Berkeley, M.J. Grevillea 3:97–112. Type species: S. aurantiaca Berkeley and Curtis 1875
Description: Bergey 8.

S. aurantiaca Berkeley and Curtis 1875
Berkeley, M.J. and Curtis. 1875 in Berkeley, M.J. Grevillea 3:97–112. Type strain: ATCC 25190
Description: Reichenbach, H. and M. Dworkin. 1969. Journal of General Microbiology 58:3–14.

S. erecta (Schroeter 1886) McCurdy 1971
Schroeter, J. 1885–1889 in Cohn, F. Kryptogamenflora von Schlesien. Band 3, Heft 3, Pilze J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau. pp. 1–814; McCurdy, H.D. 1971. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 21:40–49. Type strain: ATCC 25191
Description: McCurdy, H.D. 1971. Ibid.

Streptobacillus Levaditi, Nicolau and Poincloux 1925
Levaditi, C., S. Nicolau and P. Pioncloux. 1925. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences (Paris) 180:1188–1190. Type species: S. moniliformis Levaditi, Nicolau and Poincloux 1925
Description: Bergey 8.

S. moniliformis Levaditi, Nicolau and Poincloux 1925
Levaditi, C., S. Nicolau and P. Poincloux. 1925. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences (Paris) 180:1188–1190. Type strain: ATCC 14647
Description: Bergey 8.

Streptococcus Rosenbach 1884
Rosenbach, F.J. 1884. Microorganismen bei den Wund-lnfections- Krankheiten des Menschen. K.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden, pp. 1–122. Type species: S. pyogenes Rosenbach 1884
Description: Bergey 8.

S. acidominimus Ayers and Mudge 1922
Ayers, S.H. and C.S. Mudge. 1922. Journal of Infectious Diseases 31:40–50. Type strain: NCDO 2025
Description: Bergey 8.

S. agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896
Lehmann, K.B. and R. Neumann. 1896. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 1st ed. J.F. Lehmann, Munchen. Type strain: NCTC 8181
Description: Bergey 8.

S. anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938
Andrewes, F.W. and T.J. Horder. 1906. Lancet 2:708–713; Smith, F.R. and J.M. Sherman. 1939. Journal of Infectious Diseases 62:186–189. Type strain: NCTC 10713
Description: Bergey 8.

S. bovis Orla-Jensen 1919
Orla-Jensen, S. 1919. The lactic acid bacteria. Host, Copenhagen. pp. 1–196. Type strain: NCDO 597
Description: Garvie, E.I. and A.J. Bramley. 1979. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 46:557–566.

S. constellatus (Prevot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974
Prevot, A.R. 1924. Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie (Paris) 91:426–428; Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24:260–277. Type strain: ATCC 27823
Description: Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. Ibid.

S. cremoris Orla-Jensen 1919
Orla-Jensen, S. 1919. The lactic acid bacteria. Host, Copenhagen. pp. 1–196. Type strain: NCDO 607
Description: Whitehead, H.R., C.A.E. Briggs, E.I. Garvie and L.G.M. Newland. 1956. Journal of Dairy Research 23:315–318.

S. cricetus Coykendall 1977
Coykendall, A.L. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:26–30. Type strain: ATCC 19642
Description: Coykendall, A.L. 1977. Ibid.

S. equi Sand and Jensen 1888
Sand, G. and C.O. Jensen. 1888. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Tiermedizin und Vergleichende Pathologic 13:437–464. Type strain: NCTC 9682
Description: Bergey 8.

S. equinus Andrewes and Horder 1906
Andrewes, F.W. and T.J. Horder. 1906. Lancet 2:708–713. Type strain: ATCC 9812
Description: Fuller, R. and L.G.M. Newland. 1963. Journal of General Microbiology 31:431–434.

S. faecalis Andrewes and Horder 1906
Andrewes, F.W. and T.J. Horder. 1906. Lancet 2:708–713. Type strain: NCTC 775
Description: Shattock, P.Y.F. and A.T.R. Mattick. 1943. Journal of Hygiene Cambridge 43:173–188.

S. faecium Orla-Jensen 1919
Orla-Jensen, S. 1919. The lactic acid bacteria. Host, Copenhagen. pp. 1–196. Type strain: NCTC 7171
Description: Bergey 8.

S. hansenii Holdeman and Moore 1974
Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24:260–277. Type strain: ATCC 27752
Description: Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. Ibid.

S. iniae Pier and Madin 1976
Pier, G.B. and S.H. Madin. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:545–553. Type strain: ATCC 29178
Description: Pier, G.B. and S.H. Madin. 1976. Ibid.

S. intermedius Prevot 1925
Prevot, A.R. 1925. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 39:417–447. Type strain: ATCC 27335
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

S. lactis (Lister 1873) Lohnis 1909
Lister, J. 1873. Quarterly Journal of Microbiological Science 13:380–408; Lohnis, F. 1909. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 22:553–555. Type strain: NCDO 604
Description: Shattock, P.Y.F. and A.T.R. Mattick. 1943. Journal of Hygiene Cambridge 43:173–188.

S. mitis Andrewes and Horder 1906
Andrewes, F.W. and T.J. Horder. 1906. Lancet 2:708–713. Type strain: NCTC 3165
Description: Bergey 8.

S. morbillorum (Prevot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1974
Prevot, A.R. 1933. Annales des sciences nalurelles 15:23–260; Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24:260–277. Type strain: ATCC 27824
Description: Holdeman, L.V. and W.E.C. Moore. 1974. Ibid.

S. mutans Clarke 1924
Clarke, J.K. 1924. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 5:141–147. Type strain: ATCC 25175
Description: Coykendall, A.L. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:26–30.

S. pleomorphus Barnes, Impey, Stevens and Peel 1979
Barnes, E.M., C.S. Impey, B.J.H. Stevens and J.L. Peel. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:79–80; Effective publication Barnes, E.M., C.S. Impey, B.J.H. Stevens and J.L. Peel. 1977. Journal of General Microbiology 102:45–53. Type strain: NCTC 11087
Description: Barnes, E.M., C.S. Impey, B.J.H. Stevens and J.L. Peel. 1977. Ibid.

S. pneumoniae (Klein 1884) Chester 1901
Klein, E. 1884. Practitioner 32:321–352; Chester, F.D. 1901. A manual of determinative bacteriology. The MacMillan Co., New York. pp. 1–401. Type strain: NCTC 7465
Description: Bergey 8.

S. pyogenes Rosenbach 1884
Rosenbach, FJ. 1884. Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections- Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden pp. 1–122. Type strain: ATCC 12344
Description: Bergey 8.

S. raffinolactis Orla-Jensen and Hansen 1932
Orla-Jensen, A.D. and P.A. Hansen. 1932. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 86:6–29. Type strain: NCDO 617
Description: Garvie, E.I. 1979. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:152.

S. rattus Coykendall 1977
Coykendall, A.L. 1977. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:26–30. Type strain: ATCC 19645
Description: Coykendall, A.L. 1977. Ibid.

S. salivarius Andrewes and Horder 1906
Andrewes, F.W. and T.J. Horder. 1906. Lancet 2:708–713. Type strain: ATCC 7073
Description: Bergey 8.

S. sanguis White and Niven 1946
White, J.C. and C.F. Niven Jr. 1946. Journal of Bacteriology 51:717–722. Type strain: ATCC 10556
Description: Bergey 8.

S. thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919
Orla-Jensen, S. 1919. The lactic acid bacteria. Host, Copenhagen. pp. 1–196. Type strain: NCDO 573
Description: Bergey 8.

S. uberis Diernhofer 1932
Diernhofer, K. 1932. Milchwirtschaftliche Forschungen 13:368–374. Type strain: NCTC 3858
Description: Garvie, E.I. and A.J. Bramley. 1979. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 46:295–304.

Streptomyces Waksman and Henrici 1943
Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1943. Journal of Bacteriology 46:337–341. Type species: S. albus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1943
Description: Bergey 8.

S. aburaviensis Nishimura, Kimura, Tawara, Sasaki, Nakajima, Shimaoka, Okamoto, Shimohara and Isono 1957
Nishimura, H., T. Kimura, K. Tawara, K. Sasaki, K. Nakajima, N. Shimaoka, S. Okamoto, M. Shimohara and J. Isono. 1957. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:205–212. Type strain: ATCC 23869
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. achromogenes Okami and Umezawa 1953
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1953 in Umezawa, H., T. Takeuchi, Y. Okami and T. Tazaki. Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology 6:261–268. Type strain: ATCC 12767
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. achromogenes subsp. achromogenes Okami and Umezawa 1953
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1953 in Umezawa, H., T. Takeuchi, Y. Okami and T. Tazaki. Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology 6:261–268. Type strain: ATCC 12767
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. achromogenes subsp. rubradiris Bhuyan, Owen and Dietz 1965
Bhuyan, B.K., S.P. Owen and A. Dietz. 1965. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1964:91–96. Type strain: CBS 566.–70
Description: Bhuyan, B.K., S.P. Owen and A. Dietz. 1965. Ibid.

S. acrimycini (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. 1-398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19885
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. afghaniensis Shimo, Shiga, Tomosugi and Kamoi 1959
Shimo, M., T. Shiga, T. Tomosugi and I. Kamoi. 1959. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 12:1–6. Type strain: ATCC 23871
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. alanosinicus Thiemann and Beretta 1966
Thiemann, J.E. and G. Beretta. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 19:155–160. Type strain: ATCC 15710
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. albaduncus Tsukiura, Okanishi, Ohmori, Koshiyama, Miyaki, Kitazima and Kawaguchi 1964
Tsukiura, H., M. Okanishi, T. Ohmor, H. Koshiyama, T. Miyaki, H. Kitazima and H. Kawaguchi. 1964. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 17:39–47. Type strain: ATCC 14698
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. albidoflavus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Rossi Doria, T. 1891. Annali dell' Istituto d'Igiene Sperimentale della Rendiconti Universita di Roma 1:399–438; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 25422
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. albofaciens Thirumalachar and Bhatt 1960
Thirumalachar, M.J. and V.V. Bhatt. 1960. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 3:61–63. Type strain: ATCC 25184
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. alboflavus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 12626
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. albogriseolus Benedict, Shotwell, Pridham, Lindenfelser and Haynes 1954
Benedict, R.G., O.L. Shotwell, T.G. Pridham, L.A. Lindenfelser and W.C. Haynes. 1954. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 4:653–656. Type strain: NRRL B-1305
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. albolongus Tsukiura, Okanishi, Koshiyama, Ohmori, Miyaki and Kawaguchi 1964
Tsukiura, H., M. Okanishi, H. Koshiyama, T. Ohmori, T. Miyaki and H. Kawaguchi. 1964. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 17:223–229. Type strain: ATCC 27414
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. alboniger Porter, Hewitt, Hesseltine, Krupka, Lowery, Wallace, Bohonos and Williams 1952
Porter, J.N., R.I. Hewitt, C.W. Hesseltine, G. Krupka, J.A. Lowery, W.S. Wallace, N. Bohonos and J.H. Williams. 1952. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 2:409–410. Type strain: ATCC 12461
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. albospinus Wang, Hamada. Okami and Umezawa 1966
Wang, E.L., M. Hamada, Y. Okami and H. Umezawa. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 19:216–221. Type strain: ATCC 29808
Description: Wang, E.L., M. Hamada, Y. Okami and H. Umezawa. 1966. Ibid.

S. albosporeus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman. S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 15394
Description: Pridham, T.G., A.J. Lyons Jr. and H.L. Seckinger. 1965. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 15:191–237.

S. albosporeus subsp. albosporeus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 15394
Description: Pridham, T.G., A.J. Lyons Jr. and H.L. Seckinger. 1965. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 15:191–237.

S. albosporeus subsp. labilomyceticus Okami, Suzuki and Umezawa 1963
Okami, Y., M. Suzuki and H. Umezawa. 1963. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 16:152–154. Type strain: NIHJ 425
Description: Okami, Y., M. Suzuki and H. Umezawa. 1963. Ibid.

S. albovinaceus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems in the classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. State Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, USSR; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 15823
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. alboviridis (Duche 1934) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedie Mycologique 6:1–375; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 25425
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. albulus Routien 1969
Routien, J.B. 1969 in Pridham, T.G. and A.J. Lyons, Jr. Developments in Industrial Microbiology 10:183–221. Type strain: ATCC 12757
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. albus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1943
Rossi Doria, T. 1891. Annali dell' Istituto d'Igiene Sperimentale della Rendiconti Universita di Roma 1:399–438; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1943. Journal of Bacteriology 46:337–341. Type strain: ATCC 3004
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. albus subsp. albus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1943
Rossi Doria, T. 1891. Annali dell' Istituto d'Igiene Sperimentale della Rendiconti Universita di Roma 1:399–438; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1943. Journal of Bacteriology 46:337–341. Type strain: ATCC 3004
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. albus subsp. pathocidicus Nagatsu, Anzai and Suzuki 1962
Nagatsu, J., K. Anzai and S. Suzuki. 1962. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 15:103–106. Type strain: ATCC 14510
Description: Bergey 8.

S. almquistii (Duche 1934) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedie Mycologique 6:1–375; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 618
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. althioticus Yamaguchi, Nakayama, Takeda, Tawara, Maeda, Takeuchi and Umezawa 1957
Yamaguchi, H., Y. Nakayama, K. Takeda, K. Tawara, K. Maeda, T. Takeuchi and H. Umezawa. 1957. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:195–200. Type strain: ATCC 19724
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. amakusaensis Nagatsu, Anzai, Ohkuma and Suzuki 1963
Nagatsu, J., K. Anzai, K. Ohkuma and S. Suzuki. 1963. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 16:207–210. Type strain: ATCC 23876
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. ambofaciens Pinnert-Sindico 1954
Pinnert-Sindico, S. 1954. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 87:702–707. Type strain: ATCC 23877
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. aminophilus Foster 1961
Foster, W.J. 1961 in Oswald, E.J., R.J. Reedy and W.A. Randall. 1956 in Hutter, R. 1961. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 38:367–383. Type strain: ATCC 14961
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. anandii Batra and Bajaj 1965
Batra, S.K. and B.S. Bajaj. 1965. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 3:240–242. Type strain: ATCC 19388
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. anthocyanicus (Krassilnikov, Sorokina, Alferova and Bezzubenkova 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A., E.J. Sorokina, V.A. Alferova and A.P. Bezzubenkova. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of selected groups of Actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 74–123; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19821
Description: Bergey 8.

S. antibioticus (Waksman and Woodruff 1941) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and H.B. Woodruff. 1941. Journal of Bacteriology 42:231–249; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Kitchens (eds). Bergey's Manualof Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 8663
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. antimycoticus Waksman 1957
Waksman, S.A. 1957 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and N.R. Smith (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 744–825. Type strain: NRRL 2421
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. anulatus (Beijerinck 1912) Waksman 1953
Beijerinck, M.W. 1912. Folia Mikrobiologiya (Delft) 1:4–100; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. A Guide to the Classification of the Actinomycetes and their Antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: CBS 100.18
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. arabicus Shibata, Nakazawa, Miyake, Inoue and Okabori 1957
Shibata, M., K. Nakazawa, A. Miyake, M. Inoue and A. Okabori. 1957. Annual Report of the Takeda Research Laboratory 16:32–37. Type strain: ATCC 23881
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. arenae Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: NRRL 2377
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. argenteolus Tresner, Davies and Backus 1961
Tresner, H.D., M.C. Davies and E.J. Backus. 1961. Journal of Bacteriology 81:170–80. Type strain: ATCC 11009
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. atratus Shibata, Higashide, Yamamoto and Nakazawa 1962
Shibata, M., E. Higashide, H. Yamamoto and K. Nakazawa. 1962. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 26:228–233. Type strain: IFO 3897
Description: Shibata, M., E. Higashide, H. Yamamoto and K. Nakazawa. 1962. Ibid.

S. atroolivaceus (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskova, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems in the classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19725
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. aurantiacus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman 1953
Rossi Doria, T. 1891. Annali dell' Istituto d'Igiene Sperimentale della Rendiconti Universita di Roma 1:399–438; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 19822
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. aurantiogriseus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19887
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. aureocirculatus (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. and T. Yuan. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of individual groups of Actinomycetes (in Russian). pp. 28–57; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19823
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. aureofaciens Duggar 1948
Duggar, B. 1948. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 51:177–181. Type strain: NRRL 2209
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. aureoverticillatus (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1960) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. and C.-S. Yuan. 1960. Mikrobiologiya 29:482–489 (English Translation 354–358); Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15854
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. avellaneus Baldacci and Grein 1966
Baldacci, E. and A. Grein. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:185–198. Type strain: ATCC 23730
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. avidinii Stapley, Mata, Miller, Demny and Woodruff 1964
Stapley, E.O., J.M. Mata, I.M. Miller, T.C. Demny and H.B. Woodruff. 1964. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1963:20–27. Type strain: NRRL 3077
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. azureus Kelly, Kutscher and Tuoti 1959
Kelly, J., A.H. Kutscher and F. Tuoti. 1959. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology 12:1334–1339. Type strain: ATCC 14921
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. baarnensis Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: CBS 306.55
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. bacillaris (Krassilnikov 1958) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1958. Folia Biologica (Praha) 4:257–265; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15855
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. badius (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19888
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. bambergiensis Wallhausser, Nesemann, Prave and Steigler 1966
Wallhausser, K., G. Nesemann, P. Prave and A. Steigler. 1966. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1965:734–736. Type strain: ATCC 13879
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. bellus Margalith and Beretta 1960
Margalith, P. and G. Beretta. 1960. Mycopathologia et Mycologia Applicata 12:189–195. Type strain: ATCC 14925
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. bikiniensis Johnstone and Waksman 1947
Johnstone, D.B. and S.A. Waksman. 1947. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 65:294–295. Type strain: ATCC 11062
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. bluensis Mason, Dietz and Hanka 1963
Mason, D.J., A. Dietz and L.J. Hanka. 1963. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1962:607–613. Type strain: NRRL 2876
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. bobili (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3310
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. bottropensis Waksman 1961
Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 25435
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. cacaoi (Waksman 1932) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1932 in Bunting, R.H. Annals of Applied Biology 19:515–517; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed. R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3082
Description: Shirling. E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cacaoi subsp. asoensis Isono, Nagatsu, Kawashima and Suzuki 1965
Isono, K., J. Nagatsu, Y. Kawashima and S. Suzuki. 1965. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 29:848–854. Type strain: IFO 13813
Description: Isono, K., J. Nagatsu, Y. Kawashima and S. Suzuki. 1965. Ibid.

S. cacaoi subsp. cacaoi (Waksman 1932) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1932 in Bunting, R.H. Annals of Applied Biology 19:515–517; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3082
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. caelestis De Boer, Dietz, Wilkins, Lewis and Savage 1955
De Boer, C., A. Dietz, J.R. Wilkins, C.N. Lewis and G.M. Savage. 1955. Antibiotics Annual 1954:831–841. Type strain: NRRL 2418
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. caeruleus (Baldacci 1944) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Baldacci, E. 1944. Atti dell'Istituto Botanico della Universita Laboratorio Crittogamico di Pavia Series 5, 3:139–193; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 27421
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. californicus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3312
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. calvus Backus, Tresner and Campbell 1957
Backus, E.J., H.D. Tresner and T.H. Campbell. 1957. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 7:532–541. Type strain: ATCC 13382
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. canarius Vavra and Dietz 1965
Vavra, J. and A. Dietz. 1965. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1964:75–79. Type strain: NRRL 2976
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. canescens Waksman 1957
Waksman, S.A. 1957 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and N.R. Smith (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. Type strain: ATCC 19736
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. canus Heinemann, Kaplan, Muir and Hooper 1953
Heinemann, B., M.A. Kaplan, R.D. Muir and I.R. Hooper. 1953. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 3:1239–1242. Type strain: ATCC 12237
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. capoamus Goncalves de Lima, Albert and Goncalves de Lima 1964
Goncalves de Lima, V.O., C.A. Albert and O. Goncalves de Lima. 1964. Anais da Academia Brazileira de Ciencias 36:317–322. Type strain: ATCC 19006
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. catenulae Davisson and Finlay 1961
Davisson, J.W. and A.C. Finlay. 1961 in Waksman, S.A. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 12476
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. cavourensis Skarbek and Brady 1978
Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:45–53. Type strain: ATCC 14889
Description: Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. Ibid.

S. cavourensis subsp. cavourensis Skarbek and Brady 1978
Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:45–53. Type strain: ATCC 14889
Description: Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. Ibid.

S. cavourensis subsp. washingtonensis Skarbek and Brady 1978
Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:45–53. Type strain: ATCC 27732
Description: Skarbek, J.D. and L.R. Brady. 1978. Ibid.

S. cellostaticus Hamada 1958
Hamada, S. 1958. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 67:173–179. Type strain: ATCC 23894
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. celluloflavus Nishimura, Kimura and Kuroya 1953
Nishimura, H., T. Kimura and M. Kuroya. 1953. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 6:57–65. Type strain: IFO 13780
Description: Bergey 8.

S. cellulosae (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: CBS 122.18
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. champavatii Uma and Narasimha Rao 1959
Uma, B.N. and P.L. Narasimha Rao. 1959. Indian Institute of Sciences Golden Jubilee Research Vol. 1909–1959. Bangalore, India. pp. 130–141. Type strain: NRRL B-5682
Description: Bergey 8.

S. chartreusis Leach, Calhoun, Johnson, Teeters and Jackson 1953
Leach, B.E., K.M. Calhoun, L.E. Johnson, C.M. Teeters and W.G. Jackson. 1953. Journal of the American Chemical Society 75:4011–4012. Type strain: NRRL 2287
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. chattanoogensis Burns and Holtman 1959
Burns, J. and D.F. Holtman. 1959. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 9:398–405. Type strain: ATCC 13358
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. chibaensis Suzuki, Nakamura, Okuma and Tomiyama 1958
Suzuki, S., G. Nakamura, K. Okuma and Y. Tomiyama. 1958. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 11:81–83. Type strain: ATCC 23895
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. chrestomyceticus Canevazzi and Scotti 1959
Canevazzi, G. and T. Scotti. 1959. Giornale di Microbiologia 7:242–250. Type strain: ATCC 14947
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. chromofuscus (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, E.S., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23896
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. chryseus (Krassilnikov, Korenyako and Nikitina 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A., A.I. Korenyako and N.I. Nikitina. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of selected groups of actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 1–372; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19829
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. chrysomallus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 11523
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. chrysomallus subsp. chrysomallus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 11523
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. chrysomallus subsp. fumigatus Frommer 1959
Frommer, W. 1959. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 32:187–206. Type strain: NRRL B-2289
Description: Hutter, R. 1963. Giornale di Microbiologia 11:191–246.

S. cinereoruber Corbaz, Ettlinger, Keller-Schierlein and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, W. Keller-Schierlein and H. Zahner. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 25:325–332. Type strain: ATCC 19740
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cinereoruber subsp. cinereoruber Corbaz, Ettlinger, Keller-Schierlein and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, W. Keller-Schierlein and H. Zahner. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 25:325–332. Type strain: ATCC 19740
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cinereoruber subsp. fructofermentans Corbaz, Ettlinger, Keller-Schierlein and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, W. Keller-Schierlein and H. Zahner. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 25:325–332. Type strain: NRRL 2588
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358.

S. cinerochromogenes Miyairi, Takashima, Shimizu and Sakai 1966
Miyairi, N., M. Takashima, K. Shimizu and H. Sakai. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 19:56–62. Type strain: IFO 13922
Description: Miyairi, N., M. Takashima, K. Shimizu and H. Sakai. 1966. Ibid.

S. cinnabarinus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23617
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. cinnamonensis Okami 1952
Okami, Y. 1952 in Maeda, K., Y. Okami, H. Kosaka, O. Taya and H. Umezawa. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 5:572–573. Type strain: ATCC 12308
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358.

S. cirratus Koshiyama, Okanishi, Ohmori, Miyaki, Tsukiura, Matsuzaki and Kawaguchi 1963
Koshiyama, H., M. Okanishi, T. Ohmori, T. Miyaki, H. Tsukiura, M. Matsuzaki and H. Kawaguchi. 1963. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 16:59–66. Type strain: ATCC 14699
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. citreofluorescens (Korenyako, Krassilnikov, Nikitina and Sokolova 1960) Pridham 1970
Korenyako, A.I., N.A. Krasillnilov, N.I. Nikitina and A.I. Sokolova. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15858
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. clavifer (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953
Millard, W.A. and S. Burr. 1926. Annals of Applied Biology 13:580–644; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: CBS 101.27
Description: Bergey 8.

S. clavuligerus Higgens and Kastner 1971
Higgens, C.E. and R.E. Kastner. 1971. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 21:326–331. Type strain: NRRL 3585
Description: Higgens, C.E. and R.E. Kastner. 1971. Ibid.

S. coelescens (Krassilnikov, Sorokina, Alferova and Bezzubenkova 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A., E.J. Sorokina, V.A. Alferova and A.P. Bezzubenkova. 1965 in Krassilnikov. N.A. (ed). Biology of selected groups of actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 1–372; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19830
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. coelicolor (Muller 1908) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Muller, R. 1908. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiien und Hygiene. Abteilung I. 46:195–222; Waksman. S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed. R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: CBS 210.27
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. coeruleofuscus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23618
Description: Shirling. E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. coeruleorubidus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 13740
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. coerulescens (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomyeetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature. Medgiz. Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19896
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. collinus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 19743
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. colombiensis Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 27425
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. corchorusii Ahmad and Bhuiyan 1958
Ahmad, K. and J.A.M. Bhuiyan. 1958. Pakistan Journal of Biological and Agricultural Sciences 1:137–143. Type strain: ATCC 25444
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. cremeus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems in the classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. State Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. USSR; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19897
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. crystallinus Tresner, Davies and Backus 1961
Tresner, H.D., M.C. Davies and E.J. Backus. 1961. Journal of Bacteriology 81:70–80. Type strain: NRRL B-3629
Description: Bergey 8.

S. curacoi Cataldi 1963
Cataldi, M. 1963 in Trejo, W. and R.E. Bennett. Journal of Bacteriology 85:676–690. Type strain: ATCC 13385
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cuspidosporus Higashide, Hasegawa, Shibata, Mizuno and Akaike 1966
Higashide, E., T. Hasegawa, M. Shibata, K. Mizuno and H. Akaike. 1966. Annual Report of the Takeda Research Laboratory 25:1–14. Type strain: IFO 12378
Description: Higashide, E., T. Hasegawa, M. Shibata, K. Mizuno and H. Akaike. 1966. Ibid.

S. cyaneofuscatus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23619
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cyaneus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1941. Guide to the bacteria and Actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 1–830; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–245. Type strain: ATCC 14923
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. cyanoalbus (Krassilnikov and Agre 1960) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. and N.S. Agre. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15859
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. daghestanicus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.A. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23620
Description: Shiriing, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. diastaticus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3315
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus (Baldacci, Grein and Spalla 1955) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Baldacci, E., A. Grein and C. Spalla. 1955. Giornale di Microbiologia 1:127–143; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: CBS 100.56
Description: Hutter, R. 1964. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 117:603–661.

S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus (Krainsky 1914)
Waksman and Henrici 1948 Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3315
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. diastatochromogenes (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 12309
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. djakartensis Huber, Wallhausser, Fries, Steigler and Weidenmuller 1962
Huber, G., K.H. Wallhausser, L. Fries, A. Steigler and H.-L. Weidenmuller. 1962. Arzneimittel Forschung 12:1191–1195. Type strain: DSM 40743
Description: Bergey 8.

S. durhamensis Gordon and Lapa 1966
Gordon, M.A. and E.W. Lapa. 1966. Applied Microbiology 14:754–760. Type strain: ATCC 23194
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. echinatus Corbaz, Ettlinger, Gaumann, Keller-Schierlein, Kradolfer, Neipp, Prelog, Reusser and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, E. Gaumann, W. Keller-Schierlein, F. Kradolfer, L. Neipp, V. Prelog, P. Reusser and H. Zahner. 1957. Helvetica Chimica Acta 40:199–204. Type strain: ATCC 19748
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. ederensis Wallhausser, Nesemann, Prave and Steigler 1966
Wallhausser, K.H., G. Nesemann, P. Prave and A. Steigler. 1966. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1965:734–736. Type strain: ATCC 15304
Description: Bergey 8.

S. endus Anderson and Gottlieb 1952
Anderson. H.W. and D. Gottlieb. 1952. Economic Botany 6:294–308. Type strain: NRRL 2339
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. erumpens Calot and Cercos 1963
Calot, L. and A.P. Cercos. 1963. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 105:159–161. Type strain: ATCC 23266
Description: Bergey 8.

S. erythraeus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and P.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 11635
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. erythrogriseus Falcao de Morais and Dalia Maia 1959
Falcao de Morais, J.O. and M.H. Dalia Maia. 1959. Revista do Institute de Antibioticos, Universidade do Recife 2:63–67. Type strain: CBS 485.74
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. eurythermus Corbaz, Ettlinger, Gaumann, Keller-Schierlein, Kradolfer, Neipp, Prelog, Reusser and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, E. Gaumann, W. Keller-Schierlein, F. Kradolfer, L. Neipp, V. Prelog, P. Reusser and H. Zahner. 1957. Helvetica Chimica Acta 40:199–203. Type strain: ATCC 14975
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. exfoliatus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 12627
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. felleus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 19752
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. filamentosus Okami and Umezawa 1953
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1953 in Okami, Y., T. Okuda, T. Takeuchi, K. Nitta and H. Umezawa. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 6:153–157. Type strain: ATCC 19753
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. filipinensis Ammann, Gottlieb, Brock, Carter and Whitfield 1955
Ammann, A., D. Gottlieb, T.D. Brock, H.E. Carter and G.B. Whitfield. 1955. Phytopathology 45:559–563. Type strain: NRRL 2437
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. fimbriatus (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman and Lechevalier 1953
Millard, W.A. and S. Burr. 1926. Annals of Applied Biology 13:580–644; Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. 1953. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 15051
Description: Bergey 8.

S. fimicarius (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedie Mycologique 6:1–375; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: CBS 420.34
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. finlayi (Szabo, Martin, Buti and Partai 1963) Pridham 1970
Szabo, I., M. Marton, I. Buti and G. Partai. 1963. Acta Microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 10:207–214; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 23340
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. flaveolus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Kitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3319
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. flavidovirens (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19900
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. flavogriseus (Duche 1934) Waksman and Lechevalier 1953
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedic Mycologique 6:1–375; Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. 1953. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: CBS 101.34
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. flavotricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23621
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. flavovirens (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3320
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. flocculus (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedic Mycologique 6:1–375; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 25453
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. floridae Bartz, Ehrlich, Mold, Penner and Smith 1951
Bartz, Q., J. Ehrlich, J.D. Mold, M.A. Penner and R.M. Smith. 1951. American Review of Tuberculosis 63:4–6. Type strain: NRRL 2423
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358.

S. fluorescens (Krassilnikov 1958) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1958. Folia Biologica (Praha) 4:257–265; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15860
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. fradiae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 10745
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. fragilis Anderson, Ehrlich, Sun and Burkholder 1956
Anderson, L.E., J. Ehrlich, S.H. Sun and P.R. Burkholder. 1956. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 6:100–115. Type strain: NRRL 2424
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. fulvissimus (Jensen 1930) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Jensen, H.L. 1930. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 55:231–249; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: NRRL B-1453
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. fumanus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.A. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19904
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. galbus Frommer 1959
Frommer, W. 1959. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 32:187–206. Type strain: ATCC 23910
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. galilaeus Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: NRRL 2722
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. gancidicus Suzuki 1957
Suzuki, M. 1957. Journal Chiba Medical Society 33:535–542. Type strain: NRRL B-1872
Description: Bergey 8.

S. gardneri (Waksman 1942) Waksman 1961
Waksman, S.A. 1942 in Waksman, S.A., E.S. Horning, M. Welsch and H.B. Woodruff. Soil Science 54:281–296; Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 9604
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. gelaticus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3323
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. geysiriensis Wallhausser, Nesemann, Prave and Steigler 1966
Wallhausser, K.H., G. Nesemann, P. Prave and A. Steigler. 1966. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1965:734–736. Type strain: ATCC 15303
Description: Bergey 8.

S. ghanaensis Wallhausser, Nesemann, Prave and Steigler 1966
Wallhausser, K.H., G. Nesemann, P. Prave and A. Steigler. 1966. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1965:734–736. Type strain: ATCC 14672
Description: Bergey 8.

S. gibsonii (Erikson 1935) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Erikson, D. 1935. Medical Research Council (Great Britain) Special Report Series 203:5–61; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 6852
Description: Bergey 8.

S. glaucescens (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23622
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. globisporus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1941. Guide to the Bacteria and Actinomycetes (in Russian). Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow. pp. 1–830; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 15864
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. globisporus subsp. caucasicus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19907
Description: Bergey 8.

S. globisporus subsp. flavofuscus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19908
Description: Bergey 8.

S. globisporus subsp. globisporus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1941. Guide to the Bacteria and Actinomycetes (in Russian). Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow. pp. 1–830; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 15864
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. globosus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1941. Guide to the Bacteria and Actinomycetes (in Russian). Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow. pp. 1–830; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Type strain: NRRL B-2292
Description: Bergey 8.

S. glomeroaurantiacus (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. and T. Yuan. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of individual groups of Actinomycetes (in Russian). pp. 28–57; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15866
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. gobitricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: CBS 123.60
Description: Bergey 8.

S. goshikiensis Niida 1966
Niida, T. 1966 in Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 16:313–340. Type strain: ATCC 23914
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. gougerotii (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedie Mycologique 6:1–375; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: CBS 422.34
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. graminofaciens Charney, Fisher, Curran, Machlowitz and Tytell 1953
Charney, J., W.P. Fisher, C. Curran, R.A. Machlowitz and A.A. Tytell. 1953. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 3:1283–1286. Type strain: ATCC 12705
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. griseinus Waksman 1959
Waksman, S.A. 1959. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, U.S.A. 45:1043–1047. Type strain: ATCC 23915
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseoaurantiacus (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A. and T. Yuan. 1965. in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of individual groups of Actinomycetes (in Russian). pp. 28–57; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19840
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. griseobrunneus Waksman 1961
Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 19762
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseochromogenes Fukunaga 1955
Fukunaga, K. 1955 in Fukunaga, K., T. Misato, I. Ishii and M. Asakawa. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan 19:181–188. Type strain: ATCC 14511
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. griseoflavus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 25456
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. griseofuscus Sakamoto, Kondo, Yumoto and Arishima 1962
Sakamoto, J.M., S.-i. Kondo, H. Yumoto and M. Arishima. 1962. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 15:98–102. Type strain: ATCC 23916
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseoincarnatus (Preobrazhenskaya, Ryabova and Blinov 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., I.D. Ryabova and N.O. Blinov. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23623
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseoloalbus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23624
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. griseolus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3325
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseoluteus Umezawa, Hayano, Maeda, Ogata and Okarni 1950
Umezawa, H., S. Hayano, K. Maeda, Y. Ogata and Y. Okami. 1950. Japanese Medical Journal 3:111–117. Type strain: ATCC 12768
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. griseomycini (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of antinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23625
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseoplanus Backus, Tresner and Campbell 1957
Backus, E.J., H.D. Tresner and T.H. Campbell. 1957. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 7:532–541. Type strain: ATCC 19766
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseorubens (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19909
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseoruber Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955
Yamaguchi, T. and Y. Saburi. 1955. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 1:201–235. Type strain: ATCC 23919
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseorubiginosus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23627
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. griseosporeus Niida and Ogasawara 1960
Niida, T. and M. Ogasawara. 1960. Scientific Reports of Meiji Seika Kaisha 3:23–26. Type strain: ATCC 27435
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. griseostramineus (Preobrazhenskaya, Kudrina, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23628
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseoviridis Anderson, Ehrlich, Sun and Burkholder 1956
Anderson, L.E., J. Ehrlich, S.H. Sun and P.R. Burkholder. 1956. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 6:100–115. Type strain: NRRL 2427
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 23345
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseus subsp. alpha (Ciferri 1927) Pridham 1970
Ciferri, R. 1927. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 71:80–93; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: CBS 219.25
Description: Bergey 8.

S. griseus subsp. cretosus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: CBS 137.21
Description: Bergey 8.

S. griseus subsp. griseus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 23345
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. griseus subsp. solvifaciens Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: NRRL B-1561
Description: Bergey 8.

S. halstedii (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 10897
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. hawaiiensis Cron, Whitehead, Hooper, Heinemann and Lein 1956
Cron, M.J., D.F. Whitehead, I.R. Hooper, B. Heinemann and J. Lein. 1956. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 6:63–67. Type strain: ATCC 12236
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. helvaticus (Krassilnikov, Korenyako and Nikitina 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A., A.I. Korenyako and N.I. Nikitina. 1965 in Krassilnikov N.A. Biology of selected groups of actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 1–372; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19841
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. herbaricolor Kawato and Shinobu 1959
Kawato, N. and R. Shinobu. 1959. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B. Natural Science 8:114–119. Type strain: ATCC 23922
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. hirsutus Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 19773
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. humidus Nakazawa and Shibata 1956
Nakazawa, K. and M. Shibata. 1956 in Imamura, A., M. Hori, K. Nakazawa, M. Shibata, S. Tatsuoka and A. Miyake. Proceedings of the Japanese Academy of Science 32:648–653. Type strain: ATCC 12760
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. hydrogenans Lindner, Junk, Nesemann and Schmidt-Thome 1958
Lindner, F., R. Junk, G. Nesemann and J. Schmidt-Thome. 1958. Hoppe-Seyler's Zcitsehrift fur Physiologische Chemie 313:117–123. Type strain: ATCC 19631
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. hygroscopicus (Jensen 1931) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Jensen, H.L. 1931. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 56:345–370; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 27438
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. hygroscopicus subsp. angustmyceticus Yuntsen, Ohkuma, Ishii and Yonehara 1956
Yuntsen, H., K. Ohkuma, Y. Ishii and H. Yonehara. 1956. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 9:195–201. Type strain: ATCC 15484
Description: Bergey 8.

S. hygroscopicus subsp. decoyicus Vavra, Dietz, Churchill, Siminoff and Koepsell 1959
Vavra, J.J., A. Dietz, B.W. Churchill, P. Siminoff and H.J. Koepsell. 1959. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 9:427–431. Type strain: NRRL 2666
Description: Bergey 8.

S. hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus Ohmori, Okanishi and Kawaguchi 1962
Ohmori, T., M. Okanishi and H. Kawaguchi. 1962. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 15:21–27. Type strain: ATCC 14607
Description: Ohmori, T., M. Okanishi and H. Kawaguchi. 1962. Ibid.

S. hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus (Jensen 1931) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Jensen, H.L. 1931. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 56:345–370; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 27438
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. hygroscopicus subsp. ossamyceticus Schmitz, Jubinski, Hooper, Crook, Price and Lein 1965
Schmitz, H., S.D. Jubinski, I.R. Hooper, K.E. Crook Jr., K.E. Price and J. Lein. 1965. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 18:82–88. Type strain: ATCC 15420
Description: Schmitz, H., S.D. Jubinski, I.R. Hooper, K.E. Crook Jr., K.E. Price and J. Lein. 1965. Ibid.

S. iakyrus deQuerioz and Albert 1962
deQuerioz, V.M. and C.A. Albert. 1962. Revista do Instituto de Antibioticos, Universidade do Recife 4:33–46. Type strain: ATCC 15375
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. indigoferus Shinobu and Kawato 1960
Shinobu, R. and M. Kawato. 1960. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B Natural Science 9:49–53. Type strain: ATCC 23924
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. intermedius (Kruger 1904) Waksman 1953
Kruger, F. 1904. Arbeiten aus der Biologischen Abteilung fur Land- und Forstwirtschaft am Kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte Band IV, Heft 3, Verlagsbuchhandlung Paul Parey, Verlagsbuchhandlung Julius Springer, Berlin. pp. 275–318; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 3329
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. inusitatus Hasegawa, Yamano and Masahiko 1978
Hasegawa, T., T. Yamano and Y. Masahiko. 1978. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:407–410. Type strain: IFO 13601
Description: Hasegawa, T., T. Yamano and Y. Masahiko. 1978. Ibid.

S. ipomoeae (Person and Martin 1940) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Person, L.H. and W.J. Martin. 1940. Phytopathology 30:913–926; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 25462
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. janthinus (Artamonova and Krassilnikov 1960) Pridham 1970
Artamonova, O.I. and N.A. Krassilnikov. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15870
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. kanamyceticus Okami and Umezawa 1957
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa 1957 in Umezawa, H., M. Ueda, K. Maeda, K. Yagashita, S. Kondo, Y. Okami, R. Utahara, Y. Osato, K. Nitta and T. Takeuchi. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:181–188. Type strain: ATCC 12853
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. katrae Gupta and Chopra 1963
Gupta, K.C. and I.C. Chopra. 1963. Indian Journal of Microbiology 3:1–4. Type strain: ATCC 27440
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. kurssanovii (Preobrazhenskaya, Kudrina, Ryabova and Blinov 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., E.S. Kudrina, I.D. Ryabova and N.O. Blinov. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 15824
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lanatus Frommer 1959
Frommer, W. 1959. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 32:187–206. Type strain: ATCC 19775
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lateritius (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.A. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19913
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. laurentii Trejo, Dean, Pluscec, Meyers and Brown 1979
Trejo, W.H., L.D. Dean, J. Pluscec, E. Meyers and W.E. Brown. 1979. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:79–80; Effective publication Trejo, W.H., L.D. Dean, J. Pluscec, E. Meyers and W.E. Brown. 1977. Journal of Antibiotics 30:639–643. Type strain: ATCC 31255
Description: Trejo, W.H., L.D. Dean, J. Pluscec, E. Meyers and W.E. Brown. 1977. Ibid.

S. lavendofoliae (Kuchaeva, Krassilnikov, Taptykova and Gesheva 1961) Pridham 1970
Kuchaeva, A.G., N.A. Krassilnikov, S.D. Taptykova and R.L. Gesheva. 1961. Izvestiya Na Mikrobiologicheskiya Institut, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Class of Biological sciences, Sofia 13:103–124; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15872
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. lavendulae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Kitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 8664
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lavendulae subsp. grasserius (Kuchaeva, Krassilnikov, Taptykova and Gesheva 1961) Pridham 1970
Kuchaeva, A.G., N.A. Krassilnikov, S.D. Taptykova and R.L. Gesheva. 1961. Izvestiya Na Mikrobiologicheskiya Institut, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Class of Biological Sciences, Sofia 13:103–124; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15875
Description: Bergey 8.

S. lavendulae subsp. lavendulae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 8664
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lavendulocolor (Kuchaeva, Krassilnikov, Taptykova and Gesheva 1961) Pridham 1970
Kuchaeva, A.G., N.A. Krassilnikov, S.D. Taptykova and R.L. Gesheva. 1961. Izvestiya Na Mikrobiologicheskiya Institut, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Class of Biological sciences, Sofia 13:103–124; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15871
Description: Bergey 8.

S. libani Baldacci and Grein 1966
Baldacci, E. and A. Grein. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:185–198. Type strain: CBS 753.72
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. libani subsp. libani Baldacci and Grein 1966
Baldacci, E. and A. Grein. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:185–198. Type strain: CBS 753.72
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. libani subsp. rufus Baldacci and Grein 1966
Baldacci, E. and A. Grein. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:185–198. Type strain: ATCC 23731
Description: Bergey 8.

S. limosus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 19778
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lincolnensis Mason, Dietz and De Boer 1963
Mason, D.J., A. Dietz and C. DeBoer. 1963. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1962:554–559. Type strain: NRRL 2936
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. lipmanii (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3331
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. litmocidini (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19914
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lomondensis Johnson and Dietz 1969
Johnson, L.E. and A. Dietz. 1969. Applied Microbiology 17:755–759. Type strain: NRRL 3252
Description: Johnson, L.E. and A. Dietz. 1969. Ibid.

S. longisporoflavus Waksman 1953
Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 19915
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. longispororuber Waksman 1953
Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 27443
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. longisporus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953
Krassilnikov, N.A. 1941. Guide to the bacteria and Actinomycetes (in Russian). Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow. pp. 1–830; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 23931
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. lucensis Arcamone, Bertazzoli, Canevazzi, diMarco, Ghione and Grein 1957
Arcamone, F., C. Bertazzoli, G. Canevazzi, A. diMarco, M. Ghione and A. Grein. 1957. Giornale di Microbiologia 4:119–128. Type strain: ATCC 17804
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. luridus (Krassilnikov, Korenyako, Meksina, Valedinskaya and Veselov 1957) Waksman 1961
Krassilnikov, N.A., A.I. Korenyako, M.M. Meksina, L.K. Valedinskaya and N.M. Veselov. 1957. Mikrobiologiya 26:558–564; Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 19782
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. lusitanus Villax 1963
Villax, I. 1963. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1962:661–668. Type strain: NCIB 9585
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. luteogriseus Schmitz, Deak, Crook and Hooper 1964
Schmitz, H., S.B. Deak, K.E. Crook Jr. and I.R. Hooper. 1964. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1963:89–94. Type strain: ATCC 15072
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. lydicus De Boer, Dietz, Silver and Savage 1956
De Boer, C., A. Dietz, W.S. Silver and G.M. Savage. 1956. Antibiotics Annual 1955–1956:886–892. Type strain: NRRL 2433
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. massasporeus Shinobu and Kawato 1959
Shinobu, R. and M. Kawato. 1959. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 72:283–288. Type strain: ATCC 19785
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. matensis Margalith, Beretta and Timbal 1959
Margalith, P., G. Beretta and M.T. Timbal. 1959. Antiobiotics and Chemotherapy 9:71–75. Type strain: ATCC 23935
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. mauvecolor Okami and Umezawa 1960
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1960 in Murase, M., T. Hikiji, K. Nitta, Y. Okami, T. Takeuchi and H. Umezawa. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 14:113–118. Type strain: ATCC 29835
Description: Murase, M., T. Hikiji, K. Nitta, Y. Okami, T. Takeuchi and H. Umezawa. 1960. Ibid.

S. mediolani Arcamone, Camerino, Cotta, Franceschi, Grein, Penco and Spalla 1969
Arcamone, F., B. Camerino, E. Cotta, G. Franceschi, A. Grein, S. Penco and C. Spalla. 1969. Experientia 24:241–242. Type strain: NCIB 10969
Description: Bianchi, M.L., A. Grein, P. Julita, M.P. Marnati and C. Spalla. 1970. Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Mikrobiologie 10:237–244.

S. melanogenes Sugawara and Onuma 1957
Sugawara, A. and M. Onuma. 1957. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:138–142. Type strain: ATCC 23937
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. melanosporofaciens Arcamone, Bertazzoli, Ghione and Scotti 1959
Arcamone, F., C. Bertazzoli, M. Ghione and T. Scotti. 1959. Giornale di Microbiologia 7:207–216. Type strain: ATCC 25473
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. michiganensis Corbaz, Ettlinger, Keller-Schierlein and Zahner 1957
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, W. Keller-Schierlein and H. Zahner. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 26:192–208. Type strain: ATCC 14970
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. microflavus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 929–980. Type strain: CBS 124.18
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. minutiscleroticus (Thirumalachar 1965) Pridham 1970
Thirumalachar, M.J. 1965 in Thirumalachar, M.J., P.W. Rahalkar, P.V. Deshmukh and R.S. Sukapure. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 8:6–9; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 17757
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. mirabilis Ruschmann 1952
Ruschmann, G. 1952. Pharmazie 7:542–550. Type strain: ATCC 27447
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. misakiensis Nakamura 1961
Nakamura, G. 1961. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 14:86–89. Type strain: ATCC 23938
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. misionensis Cercos, Eilberg, Goyena, Souto, Vautier and Widuezynski 1962
Cercos, A.P., B.L. Eilberg, J.G. Goyena, J. Souto, E.E. Vautier and I. Widuezynski. 1962. Revista de Investigaciones Agricolas 16:5–27. Type strain: ATCC 14991
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. murinus Frommer 1959
Frommer, W. 1959. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 32:187–206. Type strain: ATCC 19788
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. mutabilis (Preobrazhenskaya and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19919
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. naganishii Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955
Yamaguchi, H. and Y. Saburi. 1955. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 1:201–135. Type strain: ATCC 23939
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. narbonensis Corbaz, Ettlinger, Gaumann, Keller-Schierlein, Kradolfer, Kyburz, Neipp, Prelog, Reusser and Zahner 1955
Corbaz, R., L. Ettlinger, E. Gaumann, W. Keller-Schierlein, F. Kradolfer, E. Kyburz, L. Neipp, V. Prelog, R. Reusser and H. Zahner. 1955. Helvetica Chimica Acta 38:935–942. Type strain: ATCC 19790
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. nashvillensis McVeigh and Reyes 1961
McVeigh, I. and C.R. Reyes. 1961. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 11:312–319. Type strain: ATCC 25476
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. neyagawaensis Yamamoto, Nakazawa, Horii and Miyake 1960
Yamamoto, H., K. Nakazawa, S. Horii and A. Miyake. 1960. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan 34: 268–272. Type strain: ATCC 27449
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. nigrescens (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.H. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems in the classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. State Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, USSR; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23941
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. nigrifaciens Waksman 1961
Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 19791
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. nitrosporeus Okami 1952
Okami, Y. 1952. Classification of the antagonistic ray fungi of Japan of the family Streptomycetaceae (in Japanese). Doctoral Dissertation, Hokkaido University. Type strain: ATCC 12769
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. niveoruber Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 14971
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Ibid.

S. niveus Smith, Dietz, Sokolski and Savage 1956
Smith, C.G., A. Dietz, W.T. Sokolski and G.M. Savage. 1956. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 6:135–142. Type strain: NRRL 2466
Description: Hutter, R. 1963. Giornale di Microbiologia 11:191–246.

S. noboritoensis Isono, Yamashita, Tomiyama, Suzuki and Sakai 1957
Isoni, K., S. Yamashita, Y. Tomiyama, S. Suzuki and H. Sakai. 1957. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:21–30. Type strain: ATCC 25477
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. nodosus Trejo 1961
Trejo, W. 1961 in Waksman, S.A. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–363. Type strain: ATCC 14899
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. nogalater Bhuyan and Dietz 1966
Bhuyan, B.K. and A. Dietz. 1966. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1965: 836–844. Type strain: NRRL 3035
Description: Bhuyan, B.K. and A. Dietz. 1966. Ibid.

S. nojiriensis Ishida, Kumagai, Niida, Hamamoto and Shomura 1967
Ishida, N., K. Kumagai, T. Niida, K. Hamamoto and T. Shomura. 1967. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 20:62–65. Type strain: ATCC 29781
Description: Ishida, N., K. Kumagai, T. Niida, K. Hamamoto and T. Shomura. 1967. Ibid.

S. noursei Brown, Hazen and Mason 1953
Brown, R., E.L. Hazen and A. Mason. 1953. Science 117:609–610. Type strain: ATCC 11455
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Mutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358.

S. novaecaesareae Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 27452
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. ochraceiscleroticus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424: 1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15814
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. odorifer (Rullmann 1895) Waksman 1953
Rullmann, W. 1895. Inaugural Dissertation. Akademische Buchdruckerei von F. Strauv, Munchen, pp. 1–47; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 6246
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. olivaceiscleroticus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424: 1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15722
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. olivaceoviridis (Preobrazhenskaya and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23630
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. olivaceus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3335
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:68–189.

S. olivochromogenes (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. 1923 in Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 339–371; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3336
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. olivoviridis (Kuchaeva, Krassilnikov, Skryabin and Taptykova 1960) Pridham 1970
Kuchaeva, A.G., N.A. Krassilnikov, G.K. Skryabin and S.D. Taptykova. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15882
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. omiyaensis Umezawa and Okami 1950
Umezawa, H. and Y. Okami. 1950 in Umezawa, H., T. Tazaki, Y. Okami and S. Fukuyama. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 3:292–296. Type strain: ATCC 27454
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. pactum Bhuyan, Dietz and Smith 1962
Bhuyan, B.K., A. Dietz and C.G. Smith. 1962. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1961:184–190. Type strain: NRRL 2939
Description: Bhuyan, B.K., A. Dietz and C.G. Smith. 1962. Ibid.

S. parvulus Waksman and Gregory 1954
Waksman, S.A. and F.J. Gregory. 1954. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 4:1050–1056. Type strain: ATCC 12434
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. parvus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 929–980. Type strain: NRRL B-1455
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. peucetius Grein, Spalla, Di Marco and Canevazzi 1963
Grein, A., C. Spalla, A. Di Marco and G. Canevazzi. 1963. Giornale de Microbiologia 11:109–118. Type strain: ATCC 29050
Description: Bergey 8.

S. phaeochromogenes (Conn 1917) Waksman 1957
Conn, H.J. 1917. Bulletin of the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station 60:3–25; Waksman, S.A. 1957 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and N.R. Smith (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, p. 778. Type strain: ATCC 3338
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 32:326–358.

S. phaeofaciens Maeda, Okami, Taya and Umezawa 1952
Maeda, K., Y. Okami, O. Taya and H. Umezawa. 1952. Japanese Journal of the Medical Sciences and Biology 5:327–339. Type strain: ATCC 15034
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. pnaeopurpureus Shinobu 1957
Shinobu, R. 1957. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B Natural Science 6:63–73. Type strain: ATCC 23946
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. phaeoviridis Shinobu 1957
Shinobu, R. 1957. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B Natural Science 6:63–73. Type strain: ATCC 23947
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. pilosus Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 19797
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. platensis Tresner and Backus 1956
Tresner, H.D. and E.J. Backus. 1956. Applied Microbiology 4:243–250. Type strain: NRRL. 2364
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. plicatus Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: NRRL 2428
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. pluricolorescens Okami and Umezawa 1961
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1961 in Waksman, S.A. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 259–260. Type strain: ATCC 19798
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. polychromogenes Hageman, Penasse and Teillon 1964
Hageman, G., L. Penasse and J. Teillon. 1964 in Hutter, R. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 117:603–661. Type strain: ATCC 12595
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. poonensis (Thirumalachar 1960) Pridham 1970
Thirumalachar, M.J. 1960 in Kalakoutskii, L.V. and N.A. Krassilnikov in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15723
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. praecox (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953
Millard, W.A. and S. Burr. 1926. Annals of Applied Biology 13:580–644; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 3374
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. prasinopilosus Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 19799
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. prasinosporus Tresner, Hayes and Backus 1966
Tresner, H., J.A. Hayes and E.J. Backus. 1966. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 16:161–169. Type strain: ATCC 17918
Description: Tresner, H., J.A. Hayes and E.J. Backus. 1966. Ibid.

S. prasinus Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 19800
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Ibid.

S. prunicolor (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 25487
Description: Shirling, E.B. anD D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. psammoticus Virgilio and Hengeller 1960
Virgilio, A. and C. Hengeller. 1960. Farmaco, Edizione Scientifica 15:164–174. Type strain: CBS 175.61
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. pseudogriseolus Okami and Umezawa 1955
Okami, Y. and H. Umezawa. 1955 in Okami, Y., R. Utahara, H. Oyagi, S. Makamura, H. Umezawa, K. Yanagisawa and Y. Tsunematsu. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 8:126–131. Type strain: ATCC 12770
Description: Hutter, R. 1967. Systematik der Streptomyceten unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der von ihnen gebildeten Antibiotica. Bibl. Microbiol. Fasc. 6,5. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland, pp. 262–288.

S. pseudovenezuelae (Kuchaeva, Krassilnikov, Taptykova and Gesheva 1961) Pridham 1970
Kuchaeva, A.G., N.A. Krassilnikov, S.D. Taptykova and R.L. Gesheva. 1961. Izvestiya Na Mikrobiologicheskiya Institut, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Class of Biological Sciences, Sofia 13:103–124; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424: 1–55. Type strain: ATCC 23951
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. pulveraceus Shibata, Higashide, Kanzaki, Yamamoto and Nakazawa 1961
Shibata, M., E. Higashide, T. Kanzaki, H. Yamamoto and K. Nakazawa. 1961. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 25: 171–175. Type strain: ATCC 13875
Description: Shibata, M., E. Higashide, T. Kanzaki, H. Yamamoto and K. Nakazawa. 1961. Ibid.

S. puniceus Patelski 1951
Patelski, R.A. 1951 in Routien, J.B. and A. Hofmann. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 1:387–389. Type strain: ATCC 19801
Description: Hutter, R. 1963. Giornale di Microbiologia 11:191–246.

S. purpeofuscus Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955
Yamaguchi, T. and Y. Saburi. 1955. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 1:201–235. Type strain: ATCC 23952
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. purpurascens Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 25489
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. purpurogeneiscleroticus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424: 1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19348
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. racemochromogenes Sugai 1956
Sugai, T. 1956. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series B 9:170–179. Type strain: ATCC 23954
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. rameus Shibata 1959
Shibata, M. 1959. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series B 12:398–400. Type strain: ATCC 21273
Description: Shibata, M. 1959. Ibid.

S. ramulosus Ettlinger, Gaumann, Hutter, Keller-Schierlein, Kradolfer, Neipp, Prelog and Zahner 1958
Ettlinger, L., E. Gaumann, R. Hutter, W. Keller-Schierlein, F. Kradolfer, L. Neipp, V. Prelog and H. Zahner. 1958. Helvetica Chimica Acta 41:216–219. Type strain: ATCC 19802
Description: Ettlinger, L., E. Gaumann, R. Hutter, W. Keller-Schierlein, F. Kradolfer, L. Neipp, V. Prelog and H. Zahner. 1958. Ibid.

S. rangoon (Erikson 1935) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Erikson, D. 1935. Medical Research Council (Great Britain) Special Report Series 203:5–61; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 6860
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. recifensis (Goncalves de Lima, Machado, Araujo, Falcao de Morais and Biermann 1955) Falcao de Morais, Goncalves de Lima and Dalia Maia 1957
Goncalves de Lima, O., M.P. Machado, L. de A. Araujo, J.O. Falcao de Morais and H. Biermann. 1955. Anais da Sociedade de Biologia de Pernambuco 13:21–36; Falcao de Morais, J.O., O. Goncalves de Lima and M.H. Dalia Maia. 1957. Anais da Sociedade de Biologia de Pernambuco 15:239–253. Type strain: ATCC 19803
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. regensis Gupta, Sobti and Chopra 1963
Gupta, K.C., R.R. Sobti and I.C. Chopra. 1963. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 6:12–16. Type strain: ATCC 27461
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. resistomycificus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: NRRL 2290
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. rimosus Sobin, Finlay and Kane 1953
Sobin, B.A., A.C. Finlay and J.H. Kane. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: NRRL 2234
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. rimosus subsp. paromomycinus Coffey, Anderson, Fisher, Galbraith, Hillegas, Kohberger, Thompson, Weston and Ehrlich 1959
Coffey, G.L., L.E. Anderson, M.W. Fisher, M.M. Galbraith, A.B. Hillegas, D.L. Kohberger, P.E. Thompson, K.S. Weston and J. Ehrlich. 1959. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 9:730–738. Type strain: NRRL 2455
Description: Bergey 8.

S. rimosus subsp. rimosus Sobin, Finlay and Kane 1953
Sobin, B.A., A.C. Finlay and J.H. Kane. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: NRRL 2234
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. rishiriensis Kawaguchi, Tsukiura, Okanishi, Miyaki, Ohmori, Fujisawa and Koshiyama 1965
Kawaguchi, H., H. Tsukiura, M. Okanishi, T. Miyaki, T. Ohmori, K. Fujisawa and H. Koshiyama. 1965. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 18:1–10. Type strain: ATCC 14812
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. rochei Berger, Jampolsky and Goldberg 1953
Berger, J., L.M. Jampolsky and M.W. Goldberg. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the Actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 10739
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. roseiscleroticus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424: 1–55. Type strain: ATCC 17755
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. roseodiastaticus (Duche 1934) Waksman 1953
Duche, J. 1934. Encyclopedie Mycologique 6:1–375; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 1–246. Type strain: CBS 102.34
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358.

S. roseoflavus Arai 1951
Arai, T. 1951. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 4:215–221. Type strain: NRRL B-2789
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. roseofulvus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19921
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. roseolilacinus (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19922
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. roseolus (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1968. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23210
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. roseosporus Falcao de Morais and Dalia Maia 1961
Falcao de Morais, J.O. and M.H. Dalia Maia. 1961. Revista do Institute de Antibioticos, Universidade do Recife 3:33–60. Type strain: ATCC 23958
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. roseoviolaceus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.A. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 25493
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. roseoviridis (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23959
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. rubiginosohelvolus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Kudrina, E.S. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19926
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968.

S. rubiginosus (Preobrazhenskaya, Blinov and Ryabova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., N.O. Blinov and I.D. Ryabova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow, pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19927
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. rutgersensis (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3350
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. rutgersensis subsp. castelarensis Cercos 1954
Cercos, A.P. 1954. Revista de Investigaciones Agricolas 8:263–283. Type strain: ATCC 15191
Description: Bergey 8.

S. rutgersensis subsp. rutgersensis (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 3350
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. sampsonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953
Millard, W.A. and S. Burr. 1926. Annals of Applied Biology 13:580–644; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 25495
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. sclerotialus Pridham 1970
Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15721
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. setonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953
Millard, W.A. and S. Burr. 1926. Annals of Applied Biology 13:580–644; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 25497
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. showdoensis Nishimura, Mayama, Komatsu, Kato, Shimaoka and Tanaka 1964
Nishimura, H., M. Mayama, Y. Komatsu, H. Kato, N. Shimaoka and Y. Tanaka. 1964. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 17:148–155. Type strain: ATCC 15105
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. sindenensis Nakazawa and Fujii 1957
Nakazawa, K. and S. Fujii. 1957. Annual Report Takeda Research Laboratory 16:109–110. Type strain: ATCC 23963
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. sioyaensis Nishimura, Okamoto, Mayama, Ohtsuka, Nakajima, Tawara, Shimohira and Shimaoka 1961
Nishimura, H., S. Okamoto, M. Mayama, H. Ohtsuka, K. Nakajima, K. Tawara, M. Shimohira and N. Shimaoka. 1961. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 14:255–263. Type strain: ATCC 13989
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. somaliensis (Brumpt 1906) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Brumpt, E. 1906. Archives de Parasitologie 10:489–527; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 33201
Description: Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948. Ibid.

S. sparsogenes Owen, Dietz and Camiener 1963
Owen, S.P., A. Dietz and G.W. Camiener. 1963. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1962:772–779. Type strain: NRRL 2940
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. spectabilis Mason, Dietz and Smith 1961
Mason, D.J., A. Dietz and R.M. Smith. 1961. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 11:118–122. Type strain: NRRL 2494
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. spheroides Wallick, Harris, Reagan, Ruger and Woodruff 1956
Wallick, H., D.A. Harris, M.A. Reagan, M. Ruger and H.B. Woodruff. 1956. Antibiotics Annual 1955–56:909–917. Type strain: NRRL 2449
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. spiroverticillatus Shinobu 1958
Shinobu, R. 1958. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 71:87–93. Type strain: ATCC 19811
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. subrutilus Arai, Kuroda, Yamagishi and Katoh 1964
Arai, T., S. Kuroda, S. Yamagishi and Y. Katoh. 1964. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 17:23–28. Type strain: ATCC 27467
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. sulphureus (Gasperini 1894) Waksman 1953
Gasperini, G. 1894. Processi verbali della Societa Toscana di Scienze naturali di Pisa 9:64–89; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 27468
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. tanashiensis Hata, Ohki and Higuchi 1952
Hata, T., N. Ohki and T. Higuchi. 1952. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 5:529–534. Type strain: ATCC 23967
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. tendae Ettlinger, Corbaz and Hutter 1958
Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 31:326–358. Type strain: ATCC 19812
Description: Ettlinger, L., R. Corbaz and R. Hutter. 1958. Ibid.

S. termitum Duche, Heim and Laboureur 1951
Duche, J., R. Heim and P. Laboureur. 1951 in Heim, R. Bulletin de la Societe Mycologique France 67:359–364. Type strain: ATCC 25499
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. thermodiastaticus (Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer and Huntoon 1923) Waksman 1953
Bergey, D.H., F.C. Harrison, R.S. Breed, B.W. Hammer and F.M. Huntoon. 1923. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–442; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 27472
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. thermonitrificans Desai and Dhala 1967
Desai, A.J. and S.A. Dhala. 1967. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology 33:137–144. Type strain: ATCC 23385
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. thermoviolaceus Henssen 1957
Henssen, A. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 26:373–414. Type strain: ATCC 19283
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. thermoviolaceus subsp. apingens Henssen1957
Henssen, A. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 26:373–414. Type strain: ATCC 19994
Description: Bergey 8.

S. thermoviolaceus subsp. thermoviolaceus Henssen 1957
Henssen, A. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 26:373–414. Type strain: ATCC 19283
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. thermovulgaris Henssen 1957
Henssen, A. 1957. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 26:373–414. Type strain: ATCC 19284
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. torulosus Lyons and Pridham 1971
Lyons, A.J. and T.G. Pridham. 1971. Applied Microbiology 22:190–193. Type strain: NRRL B-3889
Description: Lyons, A.J. and T.G. Pridham. 1971. Ibid.

S. toxytricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19813
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. tricolor (Wollenweber 1920) Waksman 1961
Wollenweber, H.W. 1920. Arbeiten des Forschungsinstitutes fur Kartoffelbau, Verlagsbuchandlung Paul Parey, Berlin, No. 2, pp. 1–102; Waksman, S.A. 1961. The Actinomycetes. Vol. 2. Classification, identification and descriptions of genera and species. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–363. Type strain: CBS 103.21
Description: Bergey 8.

S. tubercidicus Nakamura 1961
Nakamura, G. 1961. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 14:90–93. Type strain: ATCC 25502
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. tuirus Albert and Malaquias de Querioz 1963
Albert, C.A. and V.M. Malaquias de Querioz. 1963. Revista do Institute de Antibioticos, Universidade do Recife 5:43–51. Type strain: ATCC 19007
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. umbrinus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Sveshnikova, M.A. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19929
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. variabilis (Preobrazhenskaya, Ryabova and Blinov 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P., I.D. Ryabova and N.O. Blinov. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 19930
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. varsoviensis Kurylowicz and Woznicka 1967
Kurylowicz, W. and W. Woznicka. 1967. Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia 19:1–9. Type strain: ATCC 25505
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. vastus Szabo and Marton 1958
Szabo, I. and M. Marton. 1958. Agrokemia es Talajtan 7:243–262. Type strain: ATCC 25506
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. venezuelae Ehrlich, Gottlieb, Burkholder, Anderson and Pridham 1948
Ehrlich, J., D. Gottlieb, P.R. Burkholder, L.E. Anderson and T.G. Pridham. 1948. Journal of Bacteriology 56:467–477. Type strain: NRRL 2277
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. vinaceus Jones 1952
Jones, K.L. 1952. Papers from the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 37:47–48. Type strain: NRRL 2382
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. vinaceusdrappus Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: NRRL 2363
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violaceochromogenes (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham 1970
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19932
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violaceolatus (Krassilnikov, Sorokina, Alferova and Bezzubenkova 1965) Pridham 1970
Krassilnikov, N.A., E.J. Sorokina, V.A. Alferova and A.P. Bezzubenkova. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of selected groups of actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 1–372; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 19847
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violaceorectus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomyceies-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 25514
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violaceoruber (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Pridham 1970
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Cutris. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 14980
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. violaceus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman 1953
Rossi Doria, T. 1891. Annali dell' Istituto d'Igiene Sperimentale della Rendiconti Universita di Roma 1:399–438; Waksman, S.A. 1953 in Waksman, S.A. and H.A. Lechevalier. Guide to the classification and identification of the actinomycetes and their antibiotics. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–246. Type strain: ATCC 15888
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violaceusniger (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Waksman, S.A. and R.E. Curtis. 1916. Soil Science 1:99–134; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: NRRL B-1476
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. violarus (Artamonova and Krassilnikov 1960) Pridham 1970
Artamonova, O.I. and N.A. Krassilnikov. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15891
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. violascens (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. and M.A. Sveshnikova. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 23968
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. violatus (Artamonova and Krassilnikov 1960) Pridham 1970
Artamonova, O.I. and N.A. Krassilnikov. 1960 in Rautenshtein, Ya. I. Transactions of the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science USSR 8:1–344; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 15892
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. virginiae Grundy, Whitman, Rdzok, Rdzok, Hanes and Sylvester 1952
Grundy, W.E., A.L. Whitman, E.G. Rdzok, E.J. Rdzok, M.E. Hanes and J.C. Sylvester. 1952. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 2:399–408. Type strain: ATCC 19817
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. viridiviolaceus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Ryabova, I.D. and T.P. Preobrazhenskaya. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems of classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Government Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 27478
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. viridochromogenes (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Krainsky, A. 1914. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II. 41:649–688; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 14920
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. viridodiastaticus (Baldacci, Grein and Spalla 1955) Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Baldacci, E., A. Grein and C. Spalla. 1955. Giornale di Microbiologia 1:127–143; Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: ATCC 25518
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. viridosporus Pridham, Hesseltine and Benedict 1958
Pridham, T.G., C.W. Hesseltine and R.G. Benedict. 1958. Applied Microbiology 6:52–79. Type strain: NRRL 2414
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. werraensis Wallhausser, Huber, Nesemann, Prave and Zepf 1964
Wallhausser, K.H., G. Huber, G. Nesemann, P. Prave and K. Zepf. 1964. Arzneimittel Forschung 14:356–360. Type strain: ATCC 14424
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. willmorei (Erikson 1935) Waksman and Henrici 1948
Erikson, D. 1935. Medical Research Council (Great Britain) Special Report Series 203:5–61; Waksman, S.A. and A.T. Henrici. 1948 in Breed, R.S., E.G.D. Murray and A.P. Hitchens (eds). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 929–980. Type strain: ATCC 6867
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. xanthochromogenes Arishima, Sakamoto and Sato 1956
Arishima, M., J.M. Sakamoto and T. Sato. 1956. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan 30:469–471. Type strain: ATCC 19818
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. xanthocidicus Asahi, Nagatsu and Suzuki 1966
Asahi, K., J. Nagatsu and S. Suzuki. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 19:195–199. Type strain: ATCC 27480
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. xantholiticus (Konev and Tsyganov 1962) Pridham 1970
Konev, I.E. and V.A. Tsyganov. 1962. Mikrobiologiya 31:1023–1028; Pridham, T.G. 1970. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture 1424:1–55. Type strain: ATCC 27481
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. xanthophaeus Lindenbein 1952
Lindenbein, W. 1952. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 17:361–383. Type strain: ATCC 19819
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. yokosukanensis Nakamura 1961
Nakamura, G. 1961. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 14:94–97. Type strain: ATCC 25520
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. zaomyceticus Hinuma 1954
Hinuma, Y. 1954. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 7:134–136. Type strain: ATCC 27482
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

Streptosporangium Couch 1955
Couch, J.N. 1955. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 71:148–155. Type species: S. roseum Couch 1955
Description: Bergey 8.

S. albidum Furumai, Ogawa and Okuda 1968
Furumai, T., H. Ogawa and T. Okuda. 1968. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 21:179–181. Type strain: ATCC 25243
Description: Bergey 8.

S. album Nonomura and Ohara 1960
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1960. Journal of Fermentation Technology 38:405–409. Type strain: DSM 43023
Description: Bergey 8.

S. amethystogenes Nonomura and Ohara 1960
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1960. Journal of Fermentation Technology 38:405–409. Type strain: KCC A-0026
Description: Bergey 8.

S. corrugatum Williams and Sharples 1976
Williams, S.T. and G.P. Sharples. 1976. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:45–52. Type strain: ATCC 29331
Description: Williams, S.T. and G.P. Sharples. 1976. Ibid.

S. indianense Gupta 1965
Gupta, K.C. 1965. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 18:125–127. Type strain: KCC A-0053
Description: Gupta, K.C. 1965. Ibid.

S. longisporum Schafer 1969
Schafer, D. 1969. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 66:365–373. Type strain: ATCC 25212
Description: Bergey 8.

S. nondiastaticum Nonomura and Ohara 1969
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1969. Journal of Fermentation Technology 47:701–709. Type strain: ATCC 27101
Description: Bergey 8.

S. pseudovulgare Nonomura and Ohara 1969
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1969. Journal of Fermentation Technology 47:701–709. Type strain: ATCC 27100
Description: Bergey 8.

S. roseum Couch 1955
Couch, J.N. 1955. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 71:148–155. Type strain: ATCC 12428
Description: Bergey 8.

S. violaceochromogenes Kawamoto, Takasawa, Okachi, Kohakura, Takahashi and Nara 1975
Kawamoto, I., S. Takasawa, R. Okachi, M. Kohakura, I. Takahashi and T. Nara. 1975. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 28:358–365. Type strain: ATCC 21807
Description: Kawamoto, I., S. Takasawa, R. Okachi, M. Kohakura, I. Takahashi and T. Nara. 1975. Ibid.

S. viridialbum Nonomura and Ohara 1960
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1960. Journal of Fermentation Technology 38:405–409. Type strain: KCC A-027
Description: Bergey 8.

S. viridogriseum Okuda, Furumai, Watanabe, Okugawa and Kimura 1966
Okuda, T., T. Furumai, E. Watanabe, Y. Okugawa and S. Kimura. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 19:121–127. Type strain: ATCC 25242
Description: Bergey 8.

S. viridogriseum subsp. kofuense Nonomura and Ohara 1969
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1969. Journal of Fermentation Technology 47:701–709. Type strain: ATCC 27102
Description: Bergey 8.

S. viridogriseum subsp. viridogriseum Okuda, Furumai, Watanabe, Okugawa and Kimura 1966
Okuda, T., T. Furumai, E. Watanabe, Y. Okugawa and S. Kimura. 1966. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) 19:121–127. Type strain: ATCC 25242
Description: Bergey 8.

S. vulgare Nonomura and Ohara 1960
Nonomura, H. and Y. Ohara. 1960. Journal of Fermentation Technology 38:405–409. Type strain: KCC A-0028
Description: Bergey 8.

Streptoverticillium Baldacci 1958
Baldacci, E. 1958. Giornale di Microbiologia 6:10–27. Type species: S. baldaccii Farina and Locci 1966
Description: Bergey 8.

S. abikoense (Umezawa, Tazaki and Fukuyama 1951) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Umezawa, H., T. Tazaki and S. Fukuyama. 1951. Japanese Medical Journal 4:331–346; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 12766
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. albireticuli (Nakazawa 1955) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Nakazawa, K. 1955. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan 29:647–649; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 19721
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. album Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2401
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. ardum (De Boer, Dietz, Lummis and Savage 1961) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
De Boer, C., A. Dietz, N.E. Lummis and G.M. Savage. 1961. Antimicrobial Agents Annual pp. 17–22; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2817
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. aureoversile Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 15853
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. baldaccii Farina and Locci 1966
Farina, G. and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:33–52. Type strain: ATCC 23654
Description: Farina, G. and R. Locci. 1966. Ibid.

S. biverticillatum (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Farina and Locci 1966
Preobrazhenskaya, T.P. 1957 in Gauze, G.F., T.P. Preobrazhenskaya, E.S. Kudrina, N.O. Blinov, I.D. Ryabova and M.A. Sveshnikova. Problems in the classification of actinomycetes-antagonists. Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz, Moscow. pp. 1–398; Farina, G. and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:33–52. Type strain: ATCC 23615
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. blastmyceticum (Watanabe, Tanaka, Fukuhara, Miyairi, Yonehara and Umezawa 1957) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Watanabe, K., T. Tanaka, K. Fukuhara, N. Miyairi, H. Yonehara and H. Umezawa. 1957. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 10:39–45; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 19731
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. cinnamoneum (Benedict, Dvonch, Shotwell, Pridham and Lindenfelser 1952) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Benedict, R.G., W. Dvonch, O.L. Shotwell, T.G. Pridham and L.A. Lindenfelser. 1952. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 2:591–594; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: NRRL B-1285
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. cinnamoneum subsp. albosporum Thirumalachar 1968
Thirumalachar, M.J. 1968 in Rahalkar, P.W. and M.J. Thirumalachar. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 11:90–96. Type strain: ATCC 25186
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60.

S. cinnamoneum subsp. cinnamoneum (Benedict, Dvonch, Shotwell, Pridham and Lindenfelser 1952) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Benedict, R.G., W. Dvonch, O.L. Shotwell, T.G. Pridham and L.A. Lindenfelser. 1952. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 2:591–594; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: NRRL B-1285
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. cinnamoneum subsp. lanosum Thirumalachar 1968
Thirumalachar, M.J. 1968 in Rahalkar, P.W. and M.J. Thirumalachar. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 11:90–96. Type strain: ATCC 25187
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60.

S. cinnamoneum subsp. sparsum Thirumalachar 1968
Thirumalachar, M.J. 1968 in Rahalkar, P.W. and M.J. Thirumalachar. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 11:90–96. Type strain: ATCC 25185
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologie 17:1–60.

S. distallicum Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2886
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. ehimense (Shibata, Honjo, Tokui and Nakazawa 1954) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Shibata, M., M. Honjo, Y. Tokui and N. Nakazawa. 1954. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series B 7:168; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 23903
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. eurocidicum (Okami, Utahara, Nakamura and Umezawa 1954) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Okami, Y., R. Utahara, S. Nakamura and H. Umezawa. 1954. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 7:98–103; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 27428
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. fervens (De Boer, Dietz, Evans and Michaels 1960) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
De Boer, C., A. Dietz, J.S. Evans and R.M. Michaels. 1960. Antibiotics Annual pp. 220–226; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2755
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. fervens subsp. fervens Baldacci and Locci 1974
Baldacci, E. and R. Locci. 1974. Bergey 8. Type strain: NRRL 2755
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. fervens subsp. melrosporus Mason, Lummis and Dietz 1965
Mason, D.J., W.L. Lummis and A. Dietz. 1965. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1964:110–113. Type strain: NRRL 3117
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60.

S. flavopersicum (Oliver, Goldstein, Bower, Holper and Otto 1961) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Oliver, T.J., A. Goldstein, R.R. Bower, J.C. Holper and R.H. Otto. 1961. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1960:495–502; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2820
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. griseocarneum (Benedict, Stodola, Shotwell, Borud and Lindenfelser 1950) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Benedict, R.G., F.H. Stodola, O.L. Shotwell, A.M. Borud and L.A. Lindenfelser. 1950. Science (Washington) 112:77–78; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: NRRL B-1068
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. griseoverticillatum (Shinobu and Shimada 1962) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Shinobu, R. and Y. Shimada. 1962. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 75:170–175; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 27436
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. hachijoense (Hosoya, Komatsu, Soeda and Sonoda 1952) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Hosoya, S., N. Komatsu, M. Soeda and Y. Sonoda. 1952. Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine 22:505–509; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 19769
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. hiroshimense (Shinobu 1955) Farina and Locci 1966
Shinobu, R. 1955. Seibutsugakkaishi 6:43–46; Farina, G. and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:33–52. Type strain: ATCC 19772
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. kashmirense (Gupta and Chopra 1963) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Gupta, K.C. and I.C. Chopra. 1963. Hindustan Antibiotics Bulletin 5:110–112; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 27439
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. kentuckense (Barr and Carman 1956) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Barr, F.S. and P.E. Carman. 1956. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 6:286–289; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: ATCC 12691
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. kishiwadense (Shinobu and Kayamura 1964) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Shinobu, R. and Y. Kayamura. 1964. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 77:176–180; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 25464
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. ladakanum Hanka, Evans, Mason and Dietz 1966
Hanka, L.J., J.S. Evans, D.J. Mason and A. Dietz. 1967. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1966:619–624. Type strain: NRRL 3191
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. lavenduligriseum Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 13306
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. lilacinum (Nakazawa, Tanabe, Shibata, Miyake and Takewaka 1956) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Nakazawa, K., K. Tanabe, M. Shibata, A. Miyake and T. Takewaka. 1956. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series B 9:81; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 23930
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. luteoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Shinobu, R. 1956. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B 5:84–93; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 23933
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. mashuense (Sawazaki, Suzuki, Nakamura, Kawasaki, Yamashita, Isono, Anzai, Serizawa and Sekiyama 1955) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Sawazaki, T., S. Suzuki, G. Nakamura, M. Kawasaki, S. Yamashita, K. Isono, K. Anzai, Y. Serizawa and Y. Sekiyama. 1955. Journal of Antibiotics (Tokyo) Series A 8:44–47; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 23934
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. mobaraense (Nagatsu and Suzuki 1963) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Nagatsu, J. and S. Suzuki. 1963 in Tamura, S., N. Takahashi, S. Miyamoto, R. Mori, S. Suzuki and J. Nagatsu. 1963. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 27:576–582; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 29032
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. netropsis (Finlay, Hochstein, Sobin and Murphy 1951) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Finlay, A.C., F.A. Hochstein, B.A. Sobin and F.X. Murphy. 1951. Journal of the American Chemical Society 73:341–343; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: NRRL 2268
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. olivoreticuli (Arai, Nakada and Suzuki 1957) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Arai, M., T. Nakada and M. Suzuki. 1957. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 7:435–442; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: ATCC 23943
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:279–392.

S. olivoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Shinobu, R. 1956. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B 5:84–93; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: NRRL B-1994
Description: Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Ibid.

S. orinoci Cassinelli, Grein, Orezzi, Pennella and Sanfilippo 1967
Cassinelli, G., A. Grein, P. Orezzi, P. Pennella and A. Sanfilippo. 1967. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 55:358–368. Type strain: ATCC 23202
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. parvisporogenes Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 12568
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. rectiverticillatum (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1965) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Krassilnikov, N.A. and T. Yuan. 1965 in Krassilnikov, N.A. (ed). Biology of individual groups of Actinomycetes (in Russian). Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Science, Publishing Firm Nauka, Moscow, USSR. pp. 28–57; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: ATCC 19845
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1969. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 19:391–512.

S. roseoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Farina and Locci 1966
Shinobu, R. 1956. Memoirs of the Osaka University of the Liberal Arts and Education B 5:84–93; Farina, G. and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:33–52. Type strain: ATCC 19807
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1968. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 18:69–189.

S. salmonis (Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966) Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171; Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Giornale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL B-1472
Description: Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Ibid.

S. septatum Locci, Baldacci and Petrolini Baldan 1969
Locci, R., E. Baldacci and B. Petrolini Baldan. 1969. Gionale di Microbiologia 17:1–60. Type strain: NRRL 2974
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

S. thioluteum (Okami 1952) Baldacci, Farina and Locci 1966
Okami, Y. 1952. Doctoral Dissertation, Hokkaido University; Baldacci, E., G. Farina and R. Locci. 1966. Giornale di Microbiologia 14:153–171. Type strain: CBS 642.72
Description: Shirling, E.B. and D. Gottlieb. 1972. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 22:265–394.

Succinimonas Bryant, Small, Bouma and Chu 1958
Bryant, M.P., N. Small, C. Bouma and H. Chu. 1958. Journal of Bacteriology 76:15–23. Type species: S. amylolytica Bryant, Small, Bouma and Chu 1958
Description: Bergey 8.

S. amylolytica Bryant, Small, Bouma and Chu 1958
Bryant, M.P., N. Small, C. Bouma and H. Chu. 1958. Journal of Bacteriology 76:15–23. Type strain: ATCC 19206
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

Succinivibrio Bryant and Small 1956
Bryant, M.P. and N. Small. 1956. Journal of Bacteriology 72:22–26. Type species: S. dextrinosolvens Bryant and Small 1956
Description: Bergey 8.

S. dextrinosolvens Bryant and Small 1956
Bryant, M.P. and N. Small. 1956. Journal of Bacteriology 72:22–26. Type strain: ATCC 19716
Description: Holdeman, L.V., E.P. Cato and W.E.C. Moore (eds). 1977. Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th ed. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. pp. 1–156.

Sulfolobus Brock, Brock, Belly and Weiss 1972
Brock, T.D., K.M. Brock, R.T. Belly and R.L. Weiss. 1972. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 84:54–68. Type species: S. acidocaldarius Brock, Brock, Belly and Weiss 1972
Description: Brock, T.D., K.M. Brock, R.T. Belly and R.L. Weiss. 1972. Ibid.

S. acidocaldarius Brock, Brock, Belly and Weiss 1972
Brock, T.D., K.M. Brock, R.T. Belly and R.L. Weiss. 1972. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 84:54–68. Type strain: DSM 639
Description: Brock, T.D., K.M. Brock, R.T. Belly and R.L. Weiss. 1972. Ibid.

Symbiotes Philip 1956
Philip, C.B. 1956. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 2:261–270. Type species: S. lectularius (Arkwright, Atkin and Bacot 1921) Philip 1956
Description: Bergey 8.

S. lectularius (Arkwright, Atkin and Bacot 1921) Philip 1956
Arkwright, J.A., E.E. Atkin and A. Bacot. 1921. Parasitology 13:27–36; Philip. C.B. 1956. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 2:261–270. Type strain: no culture isolated.
Description: Bergey 8.

Copyright © 1989, ASM Press.
Bookshelf ID: NBK836

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