Table 45Summary study characteristics of trials of group-based cognitive and behavioural interventions

Group-based cognitive and behavioural interventions versus standard careGroup-based cognitive and behavioural interventions versus other psychosocial interventions
No. trials (total participants)10 RCTs (N = 632)5 RCTs (N = 465)
Study IDs
Comparator
1–10.

Standard care

  1. Health education
  2. Peer (self-help) support
  3. Health education
  4. Peer (self-help) support
  5. Health education
Baseline severity
  1. BDI mean ∼12.00; SD ∼8.60
  2. CES-D mean ∼17.40; SD ∼9.40
  3. BDI DAVIS1984: M ∼20.75; SDs not reported
  4. CES-D mean ∼28.10; SD ∼7.90
  5. BDI mean ∼22.51; SD ∼10.30
  6. BDI* mean ∼12.22; SD ∼3.69
  7. CES-D mean ∼29.20; SD ∼7.75
  8. BDI mean ∼28.22; SD ∼7.16
  9. BDI mean ∼14.04; SD ∼9.41
  10. BDI mean ∼23.00; SD ∼8.50
BDI overall mean ∼18.96; SD ∼7.94
CES-D overall mean ∼24.90; SD ∼8.35
  1. CES-D overall mean ∼16.80; SD ∼9.55
  2. CES-D overall mean ∼28.10; SD ∼7.90
  3. BDI overall mean∼ 22.94; SD ∼ 10.81
  4. CES-D overall mean ∼27.55; SD ∼7.90
  5. BDI overall mean ∼22.28; SD ∼12.29
BDI overall mean ∼22.61; SD ∼11.51
CES-D overall mean ∼24.15; SD ∼8.45
Physical health
  1. HIV
  2. HIV
  3. Epilepsy
  4. Cancer
  5. HIV
  6. Diabetes
  7. HIV
  8. Multiple sclerosis
  9. Renal disease
  10. Diabetes
1.

HIV

2.

Cancer

3–4.

HIV

5.

Cardiovascular disease

Average age
1–9.

43.5 years

10.

Not reported at baseline

1–5.

42.5 years

Length of treatment8 weeks
(average all studies)
8 weeks
(average all studies)
Frequency of session1 session per week
(all studies)
1 session per week
(all studies)
Duration of sessions
1.

1.5 to 2 hours

2–3.

1.5 to 2 hours

4.

1 hour

5.

1.5 to 2 hours

6.

1.5 to 2 hours

7–9.

1.5 to 2 hours

10.

1 hour

1.

1.5 to 2 hours

2.

1 hour

3–4.

1.5 to 2 hours

5.

1 hour

Length of follow-up
1.

12 months

2.

End of treatment

3.

End of treatment

4.

6 months

5.

8 months

6.

End of treatment

7.

3 months

8.

End of treatment

9–10.

6 months

  1. End of treatment
  2. 6 months
  3. 8 months
  4. 3 months
  5. 12 months
*

Below clinical cut-off for depression.

From: 7, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH DEPRESSION AND A CHRONIC PHYSICAL HEALTH PROBLEM

Cover of Depression in Adults with a Chronic Physical Health Problem
Depression in Adults with a Chronic Physical Health Problem: Treatment and Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 91.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2010.
Copyright © 2010, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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