NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

Cover of Citing Medicine

Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.

Show details

Box 2Other surname rules

  • Keep prefixes in surnames
    • Lama Al Bassit   becomes   Al Bassit L
    • Jiddeke M. van de Kamp   becomes   van de Kamp JM
    • Gerard de Pouvourville   becomes   de Pouvourville G
  • Keep compound surnames even if no hyphen appears
    • Sergio Lopez Moreno   becomes   Lopez Moreno S
    • Jaime Mier y Teran   becomes   Mier y Teran J
    • Virginie Halley des Fontaines   becomes   Halley des Fontaines V
    • [If you cannot determine from the article whether a surname is a compound one or a combination of a middle name and a surname, look to the table of contents of the issue or an annual or other index for clarification. For example, Elizabeth Scott Parker may be interpreted to be Parker ES or Scott Parker E.]
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in names. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
    • Treat letters marked with a diacritic or accent as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe


Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...