Box 132Other surname rules

  • Keep prefixes in surnames
    • Lama Al Bassit   becomes   Al Bassit L
    • Jiddeke M. van de Kamp   becomes   van de Kamp JM
    • Gerard de Pouvourville   becomes   de Pouvourville G
  • Keep compound surnames even if no hyphen appears
    • Sergio Lopez Moreno   becomes   Lopez Moreno S
    • Jaime Mier y Teran   becomes   Mier y Teran J
    • Virginie Halley des Fontaines   becomes   Halley des Fontaines V
    • [If you cannot determine from the title page whether a surname is compound or is a combination of a middle name and a surname, look at the table of contents, the back of the title page (the copyright page), or elsewhere in the text for clarification. For example, Elizabeth Scott Parker may be interpreted to be Parker ES or Scott Parker E.]
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in names. To simplify rules for English-language publications, this rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages
    • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe

From: Chapter 2, Books

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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