Box 76Titles for parts not in English

  • Provide the name in the original language for non-English titles in the roman alphabet (primarily European languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Italian, Swedish, etc.)
    • Tabla 10, Etiologia de la esplenomegalia secundaria a procesos infecciosos;
    • Chapitre 4, Le virage de la jouissance;
  • Romanize (write in the roman alphabet) titles in Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, or Korean. A good authority for romanization is the ALA-LC Romanization Tables.
    • Risunok 2, Tendentsii smertnosti i prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni naseleniya Ukrainy v poslevoennyi period;
  • Romanize or translate titles in character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese). Place the translation in square brackets.
    • 10 Shoyo, Anchi eijingu igaku;
    • [Figure 9, Annual progression of swine influenza in Seoul];
  • Capitalize only the first word of the title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms unless the conventions of a particular language require other capitalization
    • Tabelle 1, Verteilung der deutschsprachigen Bevolkerung auf die einzelnen Stadtteile von St. Petersburg und die Gesamtentwicklung 1869-1910;
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in titles. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
    • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe
  • Provide an English translation, if possible, after the original language title. Place the translation in square brackets.
    • Tableau 5, Principaux marqueurs biologiques de l'etat nutritionnel [Table 5, Principal biological markers of nutritional state];
    • 10 Shoyo, Anchi eijingu igaku [Chapter 10, Anti-aging medicine];

From: Chapter 22, Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.