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Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.

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Chapter 18Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

Created: ; Last Update: August 11, 2015.

See also:

Chapter 2 Books

Chapter 11B Forthcoming Books

Chapter 15 Books and Other Individual Titles in Audiovisual Formats

Chapter 22 Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet

Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Entire Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

The general format for a reference to an entire book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk, including punctuation:

Illustration of the general format for a reference to an entire book on
CD-ROM, DVD, or disk.

Examples of Citations to Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

A book or other type of monograph on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk is cited in a way similar to such books appearing in print, with these exceptions:

  • Because special equipment is needed to view these materials, the type of medium (CD-ROM, DVD, disk) is placed in square brackets after the title.
  • If the CD-ROM, DVD, or disk has been updated or revised since the initial date of publication, the date of update/revision is added in square brackets after the date of publication.
  • Extent (pagination) is given in terms of the number and type of physical pieces, such as 1 DVD or 2 CD-ROMs.
  • Physical description such as color and size may be added after the extent.
  • System requirements such as the names and versions of any required software may be included as a note.

The authoritative source for information to use in a citation for a book is, in order of preference: the opening screen(s); the face of the CD-ROM, DVD, or disk; the jewel case (carrying case); and accompanying print documentation.

While all books have elements in common for citation purposes (such as author, title, publisher information, and date), specific types of monographs have additional elements. For example, technical report citations should include report and contract numbers and bibliography citations should include the time period covered and the number of references included. Citation examples for such specific types of books are included below, but refer to the chapters covering these publications for more detail.

Parts and Contributions to Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

This chapter includes citation rules for entire books on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk. For citing parts or contributions to these books, combine the guidelines presented in this chapter with those in Chapter 2B Individual Volumes of Books (Chapter 2B(1) Volumes With a Separate Title but Without Separate Authors/Editors or Chapter 2B(2) Volumes With a Separate Title and Separate Authors/Editors), Chapter 2C Parts of Books, and Chapter 2D Contributions to Books. See also examples 44-45 below.

Because a reference should start with the individual or organization with responsibility for the intellectual content of a publication:

  • Begin a reference to a part of a book with information about the book; follow it with the information about the part
  • Begin a reference to a contribution with information about the contribution, followed by the word "In:" and information about the book itself.

As when citing parts and contributions to print books, provide the length of the part or contribution to a book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk whenever possible. If traditional page numbers are not present, calculate the extent of the part or contribution using the best means possible, i.e., number of paragraphs, screens, pages if printed out, or minutes if an oral presentation. Since screen size and print fonts vary, precede the estimated number of screens and pages with the word about and place extent information in square brackets, such as [about 3 screens]. For parts and contributions that contain hyperlinks, however, such as the last sample citation in example 44, it will not be possible to provide the length.

Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk.

Continue to Examples of Citations to Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk.

Citation Rules with Examples for Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference. An R after the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O after the name means it is optional.

Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) | Edition (R) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/Revision (R) | Extent (Pagination) (O) | Physical Description (O) | Series (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

Author/Editor for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Author/Editor

  • List names in the order they appear on the opening screens, the jewel case (carrying case), or in accompanying material
  • Enter surname (family or last name) first for each author/editor
  • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. For example: Van Der Horn or van der Horn; De Wolf or de Wolf or DeWolf.
  • Convert given (first) names and middle names to initials for a maximum of two initials following each surname
  • Give all authors/editors, regardless of the number
  • Separate author/editor names from each other by a comma and a space
  • If there are no authors, only editors, follow the last named editor with a comma and the word editor or editors; see Editor and Other Secondary Authors below if there are authors and editors
  • End author/editor information with a period

Specific Rules for Author/Editor

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Surnames with hyphens and other punctuation in them.

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Other surname rules.

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Given names containing punctuation, a prefix, a preposition, or particle.

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Degrees, titles, and honors before or after a personal name.

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Designations of rank in a family, such as Jr and III.

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Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese).

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Non-English words for editor.

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Organizations as author.

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No author can be found.

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Options for author names.

Author Affiliation for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Author Affiliation

  • Enter the affiliation of all authors or only the first author
  • Begin with the department and name of the institution, followed by city and state/Canadian province/country
  • Use commas to separate parts of the address
  • Place the address in parentheses, such as (Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA)
  • Separate the affiliation from its author by a space
  • Follow the affiliation with a comma placed outside the closing parenthesis, unless the affiliation is for the last author, then use a period

Specific Rules for Author Affiliation

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Abbreviations in affiliations.

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E-mail address included.

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Organizational names not in English.

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Names for cities and countries not in English.

Title for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Title

  • Enter the book title as it appears on the opening screens, in the original language
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless another form of punctuation (such as a question mark, period, or an exclamation point) is already present
  • Follow non-English titles with a translation whenever possible; place the translation in square brackets
  • End a title with a space

Specific Rules for Title

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Book titles not in English.

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Book titles in more than one language.

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Translated book titles ending in punctuation other than a period.

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Book titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character.

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No book title can be found.

Content Type for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Content Type

  • A content type alerts the user that the reference is not to a standard book but to a dissertation, master's thesis, bibliography, or map
  • Place [dissertation], [master's thesis], [bibliography], or [map] after the book title
  • Follow the bracketed content type with a space

Type of Medium for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Type of Medium

  • Indicate the type of medium (CD-ROM, DVD, disc, etc.) following the title (and content type, if present)
  • Place the name of the medium in square brackets and end with a period, such as "[DVD]."
  • Add information about the medium according to the instructions under Physical Description below
  • See Chapter 15 for books in audiovisual formats and Chapter 22 for books on the Internet

Specific Rules for Type of Medium

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Both a content type and a medium.

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Book in more than one type of medium.

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Book titles ending in punctuation other than a period.

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Book titles not in English.

Edition for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Edition

  • Indicate the edition/version being cited after the title and type of medium when a book is published in more than one edition or version
  • Abbreviate common words (see Abbreviation rules for editions below)
  • Capitalize only the first word of the edition statement, proper nouns, and proper adjectives
  • Express numbers representing editions in arabic ordinals. For example: second becomes 2nd and III becomes 3rd.
  • End the edition statement with a period
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Abbreviation rules for editions.

Specific Rules for Edition

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Non-English words for editions.

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First editions.

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Both an edition and a version.

Editor and other Secondary Authors for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Editor and other Secondary Authors

  • A secondary author modifies the work of the author. Examples include editors, producers, translators, and illustrators.
  • Place the names of secondary authors after the title, following any content type, type of medium, or edition statement
  • Use the same rules for the format of names given in Author/Editor above
  • Follow the last named editor with a comma and the word editor or editors; the last named illustrator with a comma and the word illustrator or illustrators, etc.
  • End secondary author information with a period
  • If there is no author, move secondary authors such as editors and translators (but not producers) to the author position in the reference

Specific Rules for Editor and other Secondary Authors

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More than one type of secondary author.

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Secondary author performing more than one role.

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Non-English names for secondary authors.

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Organization as editor or other secondary author.

Place of Publication for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Place of Publication

  • Place is defined as the city where the book was published
  • Follow US and Canadian cities with the two-letter abbreviation for the state or province (see Appendix E) to avoid confusion when citing lesser known cities or when cities in different locations have the same name, such as Palm Springs (CA) and Palm Springs (FL)
  • Follow cities in other countries with the name of the country, either written out or as the two-letter ISO country code (see Appendix D), when citing lesser known cities or when cities in different locations have the same name, such as London (ON) and London (England)
  • Use the anglicized form for a non-US city, such as Vienna for Wein
  • End place information with a colon

Specific Rules for Place of Publication

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Non-US cities.

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Joint publication.

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Multiple places of publication.

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No place of publication can be found.

Publisher for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Publisher

  • Give the name of the publisher as it appears in the publication, using whatever capitalization and punctuation is found there
  • Abbreviate well-known publisher names with caution to avoid confusion. For example, "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd." may become simply "Wiley".
  • When a division or other subsidiary part of a publisher appears in the publication, enter the publisher name first. For example: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division.
  • End publisher information with a semicolon

Specific Rules for Publisher

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Abbreviated words in publisher names.

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Non-English names for publishers.

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Government agencies and other national and international bodies as publisher.

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Joint publication.

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Multiple publishers.

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No publisher can be found.

Date of Publication for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Date of Publication

  • Always give the year of publication
  • Convert roman numerals to arabic numbers. For example: MM to 2000.
  • Include the month of publication, if desired, after the year, such as 2004 May
  • Use English names for months and abbreviate them using the first three letters, such as Jan
  • End date of publication information with a period unless a Date of Update/Revision is included, then use a space

Specific Rules for Date of Publication

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Multiple years of publication.

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Non-English names for months.

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Seasons instead of months.

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Date of publication and date of copyright.

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No date of publication, but a date of copyright.

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No date of publication or copyright can be found.

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Options for date of publication.

Date of Update/Revision for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Date of Update/Revision

  • A book may be updated or otherwise revised after the date of publication
  • Use whatever wording for update/revision is found, such as updated, revised, or modified
  • Enter date information in the format year month day, such as updated 2006 Oct 2
  • Use English names for months and abbreviate them using the first three letters, such as Jan
  • Place all update/revision information in square brackets, such as [updated 2006 Oct 2]
  • End date of update/revision with a period outside the closing bracket

Specific Rules for Date of Update/Revision

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Non-English names for months.

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Seasons instead of months.

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Both a date of update and a date of revision.

Examples for Date of Update/Revision

Extent (Pagination) for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Extent (Pagination)

  • Give the total number of physical pieces on which the book appears
  • Follow the number with the name of the medium, such as 2 CD-ROMs or 4 computer disks
  • End extent information with a period unless physical description is included, then use a colon

Specific Rules for Extent (Pagination)

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More than one type of medium.

Physical Description for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Physical Description

  • Give information on the physical characteristics of the book, such as 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Specific Rules for Physical Description

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Language for describing physical characteristics.

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More than one type of medium.

Series for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Series

  • Begin with the name of the series
  • Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns
  • Follow the name with any numbers provided. For example, vol. 3 for a volume or no. 12 for an issue number.
  • Separate the title and the number by a semicolon and a space
  • Place series information in parentheses
  • End series information with a period placed outside the closing parenthesis

Specific Rules for Series

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Series editor's name provided.

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Multiple series.

Language for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (required)

General Rules for Language

  • Give the language of publication if not English
  • Capitalize the language name
  • Follow the language name with a period

Specific Rules for Language

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Books appearing in more than one language.

Notes for Books on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk (optional)

General Rules for Notes

  • Notes is a collective term for any useful information given after the citation
  • Complete sentences are not required
  • Be brief

Specific Rules for Notes

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System requirements.

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Other types of material to include in notes.

Examples of Citations to Books and Other Individual Titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or Disk

1. Standard citation to a book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk

Kacmarek RM. Advanced respiratory care [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Subbarao M. Tough cases in carotid stenting [DVD]. Woodbury (CT): Cine-Med, Inc.; 2003. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in.

2. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk showing authors with optional full first names

Anderson, Shauna C.; Poulsen, Keila B. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. 2nd version. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

3. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author/editor name including designations of rank within a family

Rosser J Jr. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: patient education program [CD-ROM]. New York: Springer-Verlag New York; c1998. 2 CD-ROMs: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Dalley AF 2nd, Gould DJ. Dynamic human anatomy: student version [CD-ROM]. Version 1.0 for Windows. [Baltimore (MD)]: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2004. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Spitzer M, Jones HW 3rd, Runowicz CD, Waggoner SE. Advanced colposcopy [CD-ROM]. Washington: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

4. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with authors/editors having particles or prefixes in their names

McBryde AM Jr, Haddad SL, Marks RM, McCluskey LC, editors. Selective exposures in orthopaedic surgery: the ankle [CD-ROM]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Cody RP, Just SB, de la Motte CL. Understanding biostatistics [disk]. Chapel Hill (NC): Health Sciences Consortium; [1990?]. 4 computer disks: color, 5 1/4 in.

De Simone R, Paolella G. Interactive atlas of transesophageal color doppler echocardiography [CD-ROM]. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; c1997. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Van Ost L. Goniometry: an interactive tutorial [CD-ROM]. Thorofare (NJ): SLACK; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

White SC, Wagner IV, van der Stelt PF. DS X-Ray: decision support for interpretation of radiographic lesions and clinical management [CD-ROM]. Berlin: Quintessenz Verlag; c2003. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Schwid HA, O'Donnell DF. Sedation simulator [CD-ROM]. Version 1.0. Issaquah (WA): Anesoft Corporation; c1998. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

5. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with authors/editors having compound last names

Bush-Joseph CA, editor. Selective exposures in orthopaedic surgery: the knee [CD-ROM]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Martinez de Castillo SL, Werner-McCullough M. Calculating drug dosages: an interactive approach to learning nursing math [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

6. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with secondary authors when there is no author

Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (Atlas of pathology; 5). English, French.

Hawkins RJ, Pearl ML, editors. The athlete's shoulder [DVD]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Arrhythmias case studies [CD-ROM]. Version 5.0 for Windows. Massachusetts General Hospital, Laboratory of Computer Science; Harvard Medical School, producers. Boston: Massachusetts General Hospital; c1998. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Mentoring: the experience of a lifetime [DVD]. Envision, Inc., producers. Brooklyn (NY): National Student Nurses' Association; c2005. 1 DVD: 25 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Origins of human aggression: the other story [DVD]. Maher JP, director. [Montreal (QC)]: National Film Board of Canada; 2005. 1 DVD: 50 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

7. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author(s) and secondary authors

Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Brocheriou C, Baglin AC, Wassef. Stomatology - ENT = Stomatologie - ORL [CD-ROM]. Got C, editor; ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, French.

Wenger NS, Lieberman JR. Ethical issues in orthopaedic surgery [DVD]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; Academic Orthopaedic Society; American Orthopaedic Association, producers. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2003. 1 DVD: 21 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

8. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with organization as author/editor

John Sabella & Associates Incorporated. Onboard first aid: immediate actions [DVD]. South Tom's River (NJ): Shipboard Video Express; c2005. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Texas Heart Institute. Aortic valve replacement [CD-ROM]. West Hartford (CT): ORlive; c2005. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

9. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with organization as author, with subsidiary department/division named

Yale University School of Medicine, Center for Advanced Instructional Media. Atlas of myocardial perfusion imaging [CD-ROM]. Macintosh ed. 1.0. St. Louis (MO): Mosby-Year Book; c1996. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

10. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with multiple organizations as author

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). The epidemic of obesity: personal choice or environmental consequence? [DVD]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 DVD: 4 3/4 in.

11. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no authors or editors

Typhoid Mary, the most dangerous woman in America [DVD]. Nancy Porter Productions, Inc., producer. Boston: WGBH Educational Foundation; c2005. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Acid-base disorders [CD-ROM]. London: Association of Clinical Biochemists; c1996. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

12. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author affiliation included

Wertheimer D (School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD). Pressure sores: tips for the GNA [DVD]. Baltimore (MD): Video Press; 2005. 1 DVD: 20 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

13. Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with subtitle

Alpert EJ. Domestic violence: the role of the proactive physician [DVD]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; c2004. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

14. Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk ending in punctuation other than a period

Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). The epidemic of obesity: personal choice or environmental consequence? [DVD]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 DVD: 4 3/4 in.

15. Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk in a language other than English

Hager H. Ophthalmodynamographie: eine neue augenarztliche Methode zur Beurteilung des Gehirnkrei slaufes [DVD]. Tubingen (Germany): Eberhard-Karls-Universitat; 1968. 1 DVD: 16 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. German.

Fischer D. Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin (1744-1774): das Schicksal eines deutschen Arztes in Russland im Jahrhundert der Aufklarung [CD-ROM]. Lubeck (Germany): Universitat zu Lubeck, Institut fur Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte; 2005. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. German.

Lopez Pinero JM, Jerez Moliner F. Atlas historico de la ilustracion anatomica: desde el Renacimiento al Siglo XX [CD-ROM]. Valencia (Spain): Faximil Edicions Digitales; c2003. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Spanish.

with translation included

Lopez Pinero JM, Jerez Moliner F. Atlas historico de la ilustracion anatomica: desde el Renacimiento al Siglo XX [Historical atlas of medical illustration: from the Renaissance to the 20th century] [CD-ROM]. Valencia (Spain): Faximil Edicions Digitales; c2003. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Spanish.

16. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk published with equal text in two languages

Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, French.

Rached T. Medecins de coeur = Doctors with hearts [DVD]. [Montreal (QC)]: National Film Board of Canada; c2006. 1 DVD: 112 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. French, English.

17. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk published with text in multiple languages

WHO medicines bookshelf [CD-ROM]. Version 4.0. Geneva: World Health Organization; c2004. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. English, French, Spanish.

18. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition or version

Whelan GP. Acute head injury [CD-ROM]. Windows version 1.0. Chapel Hill (NC): Health Sciences Consortium; [1997?]. 4 CD-ROMs: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Adult health nursing concepts & skills [CD-ROM]. Version 2.0 for Windows 3.1/95/98. Chapel Hill (NC): Professional Development Software; c1999. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. 2nd version. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Anatomical landmarks in dental radiology [CD-ROM]. Release 1.0. Houten (Netherlands): BSL Publishers; c1997. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Atlas SW. MRI of the brain and spine [CD-ROM]. 3rd ed. on CD-ROM. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Patient education on CD-ROM: health care advice for children, teens, and their parents [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. Elk Grove (IL): American Academy of Pediatrics; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, Spanish.

19. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition or version in a language other than English

OECD health data: comparative analysis of health systems = Eco-sante OCDE: analyse comparative des systemes de sante [disk]. 3.6 version. Paris: CREDES; 1995. 2 computer disks: 3 1/2 in. English, French.

Plantas medicinales de Mexico: usos y remedios tradicionales = Medicinal plants of Mexico: traditional uses and remedies [CD-ROM]. Ed. bilingue espanol-ingles. Xochimilco (Mexico): Centro de Technologia Electronica e Informatica; c1995. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Spanish, English.

20. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition and a version

Colditz JC, McGrouther DA, Harris JM. Interactive hand [CD-ROM]. Therapy ed.; Version 1.1. London: Primal Pictures Ltd.; 2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Clinical teaching slides on CD-ROM: 16 chapters of teaching images in gastroenterology & liver disease [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed.; Version 2.0. Timonium (MD): Milner-Fenwick; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Netter FH. Interactive atlas of human anatomy [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0; Student ed. Teterboro (NJ): Icon Learning Systems; c2003. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

21. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with well-known place of publication

Age of AIDS [DVD]. New York: PBS; 2006. 1 DVD: 240 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Kohlbach W. Dental explorer [CD-ROM]. Deutschen TV, producer. Berlin: Quintessenz Verlag; 1999. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. English, French, German, Italian, Spanish.

22. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with geographic qualifier added to place of publication for clarity

Jeffrey RB Jr. Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound with CT and MR correlation [CD-ROM]. Lafayette (CA): Medical Interactive; 1995. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Anatomical landmarks in dental radiology [CD-ROM]. Release 1.0. Houten (Netherlands): BSL Publishers; c1997. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Wounds that won't heal: the adverse childhood experiences study [DVD]. Nevada City (CA): Cavalcade Productions; c2005. 1 DVD: 30 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Fischer D. Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin (1744-1774): das Schicksal eines deutschen Arztes in Russland im Jahrhundert der Aufklarung [CD-ROM]. Lubeck (Germany): Universitat zu Lubeck, Institut fur Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte; 2005. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. German.

23. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with place of publication inferred

Lewis D, Christensen D. War hospital [DVD]. [Montreal (QC)]: National Film Board of Canada; 2005. 1 DVD: 89 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

ER: the complete first season [DVD]. Constant C Productions; Amblin Entertainment, producers. [Burbank (CA)]: Warner Home Video; 2003. 4 DVDs: 1179 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

24. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place of publication found

Hooked: illegal drugs and how they got that way [DVD]. Tera Media, producer. [place unknown]: A & E Television Networks; c2004. 2 DVDs: 200 min., sound, color with black & white sequences, 4 3/4 in.

Thant M. ECG primer [disk]. [place unknown]: Information Systems for Medicine; c1987. 4 computer disks: sound, color, 5 1/4 in.

Baker S. The sexually abused child: a protocol for criminal justice [DVD]. [place unknown]: Profile Films; c1978. 1 DVD: 25 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

25. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with publisher having a subsidiary department/division

Gausche-Hill M, Goodrich SM, Poore PD, editors. Pediatric airway management [CD-ROM]. Torrance (CA): Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine; [2001?]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

26. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with government agency or other national body as publisher

NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards and other databases [CD-ROM]. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

ATSDR toxprofiles 2004: including ToxFAQs [CD-ROM]. Atlanta: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (US), Division of Toxicology; 2004. 2 CD-ROMs: 4 3/4 in. English, Spanish.

The complete library of NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology [CD-ROM]. Rockledge (PA): National Comprehensive Cancer Network (US); 2003 Mar. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

Parker RR, Phillip CB. Rocky Mountain spotted fever vaccine [DVD]. [Washington]: Public Health Service (US); 1941.1 DVD: 20 min., silent, color, 4 3/4 in.

27. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with joint publishers

Spitzer M, Jones HW 3rd, Runowicz CD, Waggoner SE. Advanced colposcopy [CD-ROM]. Washington: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Joint publication of the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology.

28. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no publisher found

Leung CW. Diagnostic picture tests in paediatric infectious diseases [CD-ROM]. Princess Margaret Hospital; Our Lady of Maryknoll Hospital, producers. Hong Kong: [publisher unknown]: 2000. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

29. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place of publication or publisher found

Hear the difference: early identification, early intervention, outcomes for children who are deaf or hard of hearing [DVD]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 2006. 1 DVD: 9 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Akhter J, Sahhar HS. Pediatric pulmonology, immunology & allergy: teaching CD [CD-ROM]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 2003. 1 CD-ROM: sound, 4 3/4 in.

Sherman RA. Pain assessment & intervention from a psychophysiological perspective [CD-ROM]. [place unknown: publisher unknown; 2003?]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

30. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with month included in date of publication

The complete library of NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology [CD-ROM]. Rockledge (PA): National Comprehensive Cancer Network (US); 2003 Mar. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

31. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with date range

National Library of Medicine's asthma exhibit hits the road: the traveling exhibit you can fit in your pocket [DVD]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002-2004. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

32. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with date of copyright instead of date of publication

Schlegel W, Mahr A. 3D conformal radiation therapy: multimedia introduction to methods and techniques [CD-ROM]. New York: Springer Verlag; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Hillman SK. Interactive functional anatomy [DVD]. London: Primal Pictures Ltd.; c2003. 1 DVD: color, 4 3/4 in.

Cowen PS, Van Hoozer HL. Child abuse and the nurse's role [disk]. Chapel Hill (NC): Health Sciences Consortium; c1993. 3 computer disks: 3 1/2 in.

33. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with update date

Rubenstein E, editor. Scientific American medicine consult [CD-ROM]. Version 2.5a. New York: Scientific American, Inc.; 1990 [updated 1990 Sep]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

34. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place, publisher, or date of publication found

Sherman RA. Pain assessment & intervention from a psychophysiological perspective [CD-ROM]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

35. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with extent and physical description

Hinman D. Body of evidence: from the case files of Dayle Hinman [DVD]. Falldorf S, Toth R, Garofalo A, producers. Thousand Oaks (CA): Goldhil Video; c2004. 2 DVDs: 325 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Eden D. Energy medicine with Donna Eden [DVD]. Lon Gibby Productions, producer. Ashland (OR): Innersource; c2005. 3 DVDs: 6 hr., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Parker RR, Phillip CB. Rocky Mountain spotted fever vaccine [DVD]. [Washington]: Public Health Service (US); 1941.1 DVD: 20 min., silent, color, 4 3/4 in.

Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in.

OECD health data: comparative analysis of health systems = Eco-sante OCDE: analyse comparative des systemes de sante [disk]. 3.6 version. Paris: CREDES; 1995. 2 computer disks: 3 1/2 in. English, French.

36. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk in more than one medium

Haney H, Leibsohn J. Basic counseling responses in groups: a multimedia learning system for the helping professions [CD-ROM + videocassette]. Pacific Grove (CA): Brooks/Cole/Wadsworth; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.; 1 videocassette: 38 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.

Keyboard microbiology series [CD-ROM + disk]. Blue Bell (PA): Keyboard Pub.; 1995. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.; 5 computer disks: 3 1/2 in.

37. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with a series

Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (Atlas of pathology; 5). English, French.

NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards and other databases [CD-ROM]. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (DHHS (NIOSH) publication; no. 2002-140).

New directions [DVD]. Sherborn (MA): Aquarius Health Care Videos; 2005. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (Cancer Story series).

Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (Life 4; no. 1).

Alpert EJ. Domestic violence: the role of the proactive physician [DVD]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; c2004. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (NCME DVD; no. 844).

38. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with optional system requirements

Rosenberg AG. The arthritic knee [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, 4 3/4 in. System Requirements: 586 Class Chip (e.g., K6, Pentium), 200 MHz or better; 32 MB RAM, 2MB or more of video RAM; Windows 95 or Windows 98; CD-ROM (8x or faster) or DVD drive (4x or faster); Sound Blaster-compatible sound card; modem compliant with standard V.90. (56 Kpbs); mouse.

Young MJ. Introductory genetics [disk]. Pelham (NY): E.M.E. Corp.; c1983. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in. System Requirements: Apple II, Apple II Plus, or Apple IIe.

39. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with supplemental note included

Giardino AP. Child maltreatment: training modules and slide sets [CD-ROM]. St. Louis (MO): G.W. Medical Pub.; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Accompanied by: 3 vol. of instructional modules and 3 vol. of workbooks.

Sherman RA. Pain assessment & intervention from a psychophysiological perspective [CD-ROM]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; WL 704 CDR no.8 2003.

The clinician administered post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) scale [CAPS]: an independent study [CD-ROM]. Washington: Department of Veterans Affairs (US), Employee Education System; [2002?]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Developed in cooperation with VA Northwest Network Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center and VA National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Mold in the building environment [DVD]. Atlanta (GA): American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, c2005. 1 DVD: 180 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Sponsored by ASHRAE's Chapter Technology Transfer Committee.

Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in. ICNE is the Intercollegiate Center for Nursing Education.

Kacmarek RM. Advanced respiratory care [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. ISBN: 9780683404890.

40. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a conference proceedings

Colon and rectal surgery [CD-ROM]. 90th Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons; 2004 Oct 10-14; New Orleans, LA. Woodbury (CT): Cine-Med; c2004. 2 CD-ROMs: 4 3/4 in.

7th International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference [CD-ROM]; 2003 Sep; Oxford, UK. New South Wales (Australia): Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Australian Medical Workforce Advisory Committee; 2003. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.

41. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a bibliography

Voigts LE, Kurtz PD, compilers. Scientific and medical writings in Old and Middle English: an electronic reference [bibliography on CD-ROM]. Windows version. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

42. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a dissertation

Okroi M. Der blutgruppenforscher Fritz Schiff (1889-1940): Leben, Werk und Wirkung eines judischen Deutschen [dissertation on CD-ROM]. [Lubeck (Germany)]: Universitat zu Lubeck; 2004. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. German.

43. Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a technical report

Souza K, Hogan R, Ballard R, Etheridge G, editors. Callahan PX. Life into space: space life sciences experiments; Ames Research Center 1965-1990 [CD-ROM]. Moffett Field (CA): National Aeronautics and Space Administration (US), Ames Research Center; 2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Report No.: NASA 00026329.

44. Part of a Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk

Barun J. The children show [DVD]. Derry (NH): Chip Taylor Communications; 2004. Chapter 3, Ethical considerations; [25 min.]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Dalley AF 2nd, Gould DJ. Dynamic human anatomy: student version [CD-ROM]. Version 1.0 for Windows. [Baltimore (MD)]: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2004. Chapter 6.13, Structures of the axilla, anterior view; [1 screen]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Drake RE. Robert E. Drake on treating co-occurring disorders [DVD]. Center City (MN): Hazelden Foundation; c2006. Figure 5.6, Motivation strategies; [1 screen]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Haile-Mariam T. Challenger infectious diseases: complete primary and acute care presentations of infections diseases [CD-ROM]. Stack LB, editor. Memphis (TN): Challenger Corp.; 2004 May. Head and neck infections. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

45. Contribution to a Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk

Bekowitz RL. Litigation and the American obstetrician. In: 2005 advances in obstetrics, gynecology & ultrasonography [DVD]. Program 1. Tampa (FL): Educational Symposia; 2005 Aug 1. Lecture 2; [21 min.]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

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