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Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.

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Chapter 6Bibliographies

Created: ; Last Update: August 11, 2015.

A. Entire Bibliographies

B. Parts of Bibliographies

A. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Entire Bibliographies

The general format for a reference to an entire bibliography, including punctuation:

- with bibliography in the title:

Illustration of the general format for a reference to an entire
bibliography with bibliography in the title.

- without bibliography in the title:

Illustration of the general format for a reference to an entire
bibliography without bibliography in the title.

Examples of Citations to Entire Bibliographies

Bibliographies are collections of references to the literature made for a specific purpose, such as to bring together references on a specific subject or by a particular author. Their citation format is identical to that of the standard book (see Chapter 2 for details) with three exceptions:

  • Authors are termed "compilers".
  • The content type "[bibliography]" is added after the title if the word is not part of the title. This alerts the user that the publication is not a standard book.
  • Descriptive information, such as the number of citations included, the sources searched, and the time period covered, may be added as notes to help the user identify the scope of the publication.

The chief source for information about a bibliography is its title page. The back of the title page, called the verso or copyright page, and the cover of the book are also sources of authoritative information.

References to bibliographies in print or in microform (microfilm, microfiche) are included in this chapter. For references to bibliographies in electronic form, see Chapter 18 and Chapter 22.

Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Entire Bibliographies.

Continue to Examples of Citations to Entire Bibliographies.

Citation Rules with Examples for Entire Bibliographies

Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference. An R after the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O after the name means it is optional.

Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) |Edition (R) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | Series (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

Author/Editor for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Author/Editor

  • Authors of bibliographies are called compilers
  • List names in the order they appear in the text
  • Enter surname (family or last name) first for each author/editor
  • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. For example: Van Der Horn or van der Horn; De Wolf or de Wolf or DeWolf.
  • Convert given (first) names and middle names to initials for a maximum of two initials following each surname
  • Give all authors/editors, regardless of the number
  • Separate author/editor names from each other by a comma and a space
  • Follow the last named compiler with a comma and the word compiler or compilers; see Editor and Other Secondary Authors below if there are authors and editors
  • If there are no authors, only editors, follow the last named editor with a comma and the word editor or editors
  • End author/editor information with a period

Specific Rules for Author/Editor

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Surnames with hyphens and other punctuation in them.

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Other surname rules.

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Given names containing punctuation, a prefix, a preposition, or particle.

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Degrees, titles, and honors before or after a personal name.

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Designations of rank in a family, such as Jr and III.

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Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese).

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Non-English words for compiler.

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Non-English words for editor.

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Organizations as author.

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No author can be found.

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Options for author names.

Author Affiliation for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Author Affiliation

  • Enter the affiliation of all authors or only the first author
  • Begin with the department and name of the institution, followed by city and state/Canadian province/country
  • Use commas to separate parts of the affiliation
  • Place the affiliation in parentheses, such as (Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA)
  • Follow the affiliation with a comma placed outside the parentheses, unless it is the affiliation of the last author, then use a period

Specific Rules for Author Affiliation

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E-mail address included.

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Abbreviations in affiliations.

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Organizational names for affiliations not in English.

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Names for cities and countries not in English.

Examples for Author Affiliation

Title for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Title

  • Enter the title of a bibliography as it appears in the original document, in the original language
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless some other form of punctuation such as a question mark, period, or an exclamation point is already present
  • Follow non-English titles with a translation whenever possible; surround the translation with square brackets
  • End a title with a period unless a question mark or exclamation point already ends it or a Content Type follows it

Specific Rules for Title

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Titles not in English.

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Titles in more than one language.

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Titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character.

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No title can be found.

Content Type for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Content Type

  • A content type alerts the user that the reference is not to a standard book but to a bibliography
  • Place [bibliography] after the book title if the word does not appear in the title
  • Follow the content type with a period unless the book is in a non-print medium (see Type of Medium below)

Specific Rules for Content Type

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Titles ending in punctuation other than a period.

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Titles not in English.

Type of Medium for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Type of Medium

  • Indicate the type of medium (microfiche, ultrafiche, microfilm, microcard, etc.) following the title (and content type, if present) when a bibliography is published in a microform
  • Place the name of the medium in square brackets and end with a period, such as "[microfiche]." or "[bibliography on microfilm]."
  • Add information about the medium according to the instructions under Physical Description below
  • See Chapter 18 and Chapter 22 for bibliographies in electronic formats

Specific Rules for Type of Medium

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Both a content type and a medium.

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Titles ending in punctuation other than a period.

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Titles not in English.

Examples for Type of Medium

Edition for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Edition

  • Indicate the edition/version being cited after the title (and Content Type or Type of Medium if present) when a bibliography is published in more than one edition or version
  • Abbreviate common words (see Abbreviation rules for editions below)
  • Capitalize only the first word of the edition statement, proper nouns, and proper adjectives
  • Express numbers representing editions in arabic ordinals. For example: second becomes 2nd and III becomes 3rd.
  • End the edition statement with a period
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Abbreviation rules for editions.

Specific Rules for Edition

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Non-English words for editions.

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First editions.

Examples for Edition

Editor and other Secondary Authors for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Editor and other Secondary Authors

  • A secondary author modifies the work of the author. Examples include editors, translators, and illustrators.
  • Place the names of secondary authors after the title and any edition statement
  • Use the same rules for the format of names presented in Author/Editor above
  • Follow the last named editor with a comma and the word editor or editors; the last named illustrator with a comma and the word illustrator or illustrators, etc.
  • End secondary author information with a period
  • If there is no author, move secondary authors such as editors and translators to the author position in the reference

Specific Rules for Editor and other Secondary Authors

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More than one type of secondary author.

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Secondary author performing more than one role.

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Non-English names for secondary authors.

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Organization as editor.

Place of Publication for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Place of Publication

  • Place is defined as the city where the bibliography was published
  • Follow US and Canadian cities with the two-letter abbreviation for the state or province (see Appendix E) to avoid confusion when citing lesser known cities or when cities in different locations have the same name, such as Palm Springs (CA) and Palm Springs (FL)
  • Follow cities in other countries with the name of the country, either written out or as the two-letter ISO country code (see Appendix D), when citing lesser known cities or when cities in different locations have the same name, such as London (ON) and London (England)
  • Use the anglicized form for a non-US city, such as Vienna for Wein
  • End place information with a colon

Specific Rules for Place of Publication

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Non-US cities.

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Joint publication.

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Multiple places of publication.

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No place of publication can be found.

Publisher for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Publisher

  • Record the name of the publisher as it appears in the publication, using whatever capitalization and punctuation is found there
  • Abbreviate well-known publisher names with caution to avoid confusion. For example, "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd." may become simply "Wiley".
  • When a division or other subsidiary part of a publisher appears in the publication, enter the publisher name first. For example: McGraw-Hill, Health Professions Division.
  • End publisher information with a semicolon

Specific Rules for Publisher

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Abbreviated words in publisher names.

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Non-English publishers.

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Government agencies and other national and international bodies as publisher.

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Joint publication.

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Multiple publishers.

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No publisher can be found.

Date of Publication for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Date of Publication

  • Always give the year of publication
  • Convert roman numerals to arabic numbers. For example: MM to 2000.
  • Include the month of publication, if desired, after the year, such as 2004 May
  • Use English names for months and abbreviate them to the first three letters, such as Jan
  • End date information with a period

Specific Rules for Date of Publication

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Multiple years of publication.

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Non-English names for months.

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Seasons instead of months.

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Date of publication and date of copyright.

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No date of publication, but a date of copyright.

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No date of publication or copyright can be found.

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Options for date of publication.

Pagination for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Pagination

  • Provide the total number of pages on which the text of the bibliography appears
  • Do not count pages for such items as introductory material, appendixes, and indexes unless they are included in the pagination of the text
  • Follow the page total with a space and the letter p
  • For bibliographies published in more than one physical volume, cite the total number of volumes instead of the number of pages, such as 4 vol.
  • End pagination information with a period

Specific Rules for Pagination

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Roman numerals used as page numbers.

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No numbers appear on the pages of the bibliography.

Physical Description for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Physical Description

  • Give information on the physical characteristics if a bibliography is published in a microform (microfilm, microfiche, etc.), such as 3 microfiche: black & white, 2 x 4 in. This information will help the reader select the appropriate equipment with which to view the microform.

Specific Rules for Physical Description

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Language for describing physical characteristics.

Examples for Physical Description

Series for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Series

  • Begin with the name of the series
  • Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns
  • Follow the name with any numbers provided. For example, vol. 3 for a volume or no. 12 for an issue number.
  • Separate the title and the number by a semicolon and a space
  • Place series information in parentheses
  • End series information with a period, placed outside the closing parenthesis

Specific Rules for Series

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Series editor's name provided.

Language for Bibliographies (required)

General Rules for Language

  • Give the language of publication if other than English
  • Capitalize the language name
  • Follow the language name with a period

Specific Rules for Language

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Bibliographies appearing in more than one language.

Notes for Bibliographies (optional)

General Rules for Notes

  • Notes is a collective term for any type of useful information given after the citation itself
  • Complete sentences are not required
  • Be brief

Specific Rules for Notes

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Information on number of citations, time period covered, etc.

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Bibliography accompanied by a videocassette, CD-ROM, DVD, etc.

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Other types of material to include in notes.

Examples of Citations to Entire Bibliographies

1. Standard citation with bibliography in the title

Khan N, Nakajima N, Vanderburg WH, compilers. Healthy work: an annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press, Inc.; 2004. 376 p. 617 citations.

Morton LT, Moore RJ, compilers. A bibliography of medical and biomedical biography. 3rd ed. Burlington (VT): Ashgate; 2005. 425 p. 3740 citations.

2. Standard citation without the word bibliography in the title (content type added)

Grayson L, compiler. Animals in research: for and against [bibliography]. London: British Library; c2000. 320 p.

Blanchard DA, compiler. The anti-abortion movement: references and resources [bibliography]. New York: Prentice Hall International; c1996. 378 p.

3. Bibliography with optional full first names for compilers

Khan, Namir; Nakajima, Nina; Vanderburg, Willem H., compilers. Healthy work: an annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press, Inc.; 2004. 376 p. 617 citations.

4. Bibliography with compilers and editors

Jackson E, compiler. Safer sex guidelines bibliography: healthy sexuality and HIV; an annotated bibliography for educators and counselors. Allen B, editor. Ottawa (ON): Canadian AIDS Society; 1995. 17 p.

Sleet DA, Hopkins K, compilers and editors. Bibliography of behavioral science research in unintentional injury prevention. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention; 2004. 115 p. 900 citations from 1980-2003.

5. Bibliography with organization as compiler

Lewin Group, compiler. Annotated bibliography for managed behavioral health care, 1989-1999. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US), Center for Mental Health Services, Office of Managed Care; 2000. 171 p. (DHHS publication; no. (SMA) 00-3424).

6. Bibliography with editors and other secondary authors, but no compilers

Lee MC, editor. West Nile virus: overview and abstracts [bibliography]. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc; 2003. 152 p.

Lavallee C, Robinson E, editors. The health of the Eastern James Bay Cree: annotated bibliography = La sante des Cris de l'Est de la Baie James: bibliographie annotee. Orr M, illustrator. Montreal (QC): Montreal General Hospital, Northern Quebec Module; 1993. 71 p. English, French.

7. Bibliography with no compilers or editors

Teaching hospital costs: an annotated bibliography of the costs of medical education, patient care, and research at teaching hospitals. Washington: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2000. 165 p.

8. Bibliography with compiler affiliation(s) included

Zorn M (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD), Rowland JH (National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD), Varricchio CG (National Institute of Nursing Research, Bethesda, MD), compilers. Symptom management in cancer: pain, depression, and fatigue [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 Jul. (Current bibliographies in medicine; no. 2002-4). 1803 citations from January 1990 through June 2002, plus selected earlier citations.

9. Bibliography with title in a language other than English

Mori K, compiler. Chusu shinkeikei senten ijo bunkenshu: kore made no shinpo to kongo no kadai. Tokyo: Nyuronsha; 2004. 242 p. Japanese.

Poblacion y empleo en Bolivia (bibliografia anotada). La Paz (Bolivia): Consejo Nacional de Poblacion; 1989. 414 p. Spanish.

Zubritskii AN, compiler. Tabak i tabakokurenie: osnovnoi bibliograficheskii ukazatel otechestvennoi i zarubezhnoi literatury. Moscow: Izdatelskaia gruppa GEOTAR-Media; 2005. 335 p. Russian.

Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S, compilers. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX [bibliography]. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. 253 p. Spanish.

with translation

Mori K, compiler. Chusu shinkeikei senten ijo bunkenshu: kore made no shinpo to kongo no kadai [Bibliographies of congenital central nervous system diseases]. Tokyo: Nyuronsha; 2004. 242 p. Japanese.

Poblacion y empleo en Bolivia (bibliografia anotada) [Population and employment in Bolivia (an annotated bibliography)]. La Paz (Bolivia): Consejo Nacional de Poblacion; 1989. 414 p. Spanish.

Zubritskii AN, compiler. Tabak i tabakokurenie: osnovnoi bibliograficheskii ukazatel otechestvennoi i zarubezhnoi literatury [Tobacco and tobacco smoking: bibliographic index of the Russian and foreign literature]. Moscow: Izdatelskaia gruppa GEOTAR-Media; 2005. 335 p. Russian.

Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S, compilers. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX [Uruguayan medical publications of the 18th and 19th centuries] [bibliography]. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. 253 p. Spanish.

10. Bibliography with title in multiple languages

Farren M, compiler. Infant mortality and health in Latin America: an annotated bibliography of the 1979-82 literature. Ottawa (ON): International Development Research Centre; 1984. 172 p. English, Spanish, Portuguese, French. 256 citations.

Beauge G, Bendiab A, Labib A, Longuenesse E, Roussillon A, Quiles J, Weyland P, compilers. Migrations internationales au Moyen-Orient: 1975-1986. Bibliographie [International migrations in the Middle East: 1975-1986. A bibliography]. Aix-en-Provence (France): Universites d'Aix-Marseille, Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman; 1987. 186 p. French, German.

11. Bibliography with titles with parallel text in two languages

Lavallee C, Robinson E, editors. The health of the Eastern James Bay Cree: annotated bibliography = La sante des Cris de l'Est de la Baie James: bibliographie annotee. Orr M, illustrator. Montreal (QC): Montreal General Hospital, Northern Quebec Module; 1993. 71 p. English, French.

12. Bibliography with edition

Clamp CG, Gough S, Land L, compilers. Resources for nursing research: an annotated bibliography. 4th ed. London: Sage Publication, Limited; 2004. 432 p. Approximately 3,000 entries.

Marlatt GE, compiler. Chemical, biological, and nuclear terrorism/warfare: a bibliography. Rev. and updated. [Monterey (CA)]: Naval Postgraduate School (US), Dudley Knox Library; 2003 Sep. 297 p.

Prestwidge KJ, compiler. Bibliography of African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics in engineering, science and the health professions. 5th ed., rev. Flushing (NY): Huespin Productions; 2002 Oct. 119 p.

13. Bibliography with well-known place of publication

Bondi K, editor. Chronic fatigue syndrome: overview abstracts and bibliography. New York: Nova Science Publishers; c2003. 236 p.

Horowitz LM, Schreiber MD, Hare I, Walker VR, Talley AL, editors. Psychological factors in emergency medical services for children: abstracts of the psychological, behavioral, and medical literature, 1991-1998 [bibliography]. Washington: American Psychological Association; c1999. 98 p.

14. Bibliography with geographic qualifier added to place of publication for clarity

Arashvili NG, editor. Breast cancer: an annotated guide to the current literature [bibliography]. Commack (NY): Nova Science Publishers; c1995. 127 p.

Adipositas 1988-2003 [bibliography]. Trier (Germany): Universitat Trier, Zentrum fur Psychologische Information und Dokumentation; 2004. 177 p. German.

15. Bibliography with place of publication inferred

Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.

16. Bibliography with no place of publication found

Patterson KD, compiler. Infectious diseases in twentieth-century Africa: a bibliography of their distribution and consequences. [place unknown]: Crossroads Press; c1979. 251 p.

17. Bibliography with publisher with subsidiary department/division named

Becker B, Wechsler L, Hoolihan C, Weimer MF, compilers. The Bernard Becker collection in ophthalmology: an annotated catalog [bibliography]. St. Louis (MO): Washington University School of Medicine, Bernard Becker Medical Library; c1996. 180 p.

Bador G, Thoolen H, Martin SF, Allard D, compilers. A selected bibliography on refugee health. Geneva (Switzerland): United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Centre for Documentation on Refugees; 1991. 184 p.

18. Bibliography with national or governmental agency as publisher, with country qualifier added

Advancing women's status: women and men together? Gender, society and development [bibliography]. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Royal Tropical Institute (NL); 1995. 200 p.

Yuan FL, compiler. A selected bibliography on urbanization in China. Washington: Bureau of the Census (US), Center for International Research; 1991. 182 p. (CIR staff paper; no. 61).

19. Bibliography with joint publication

Haynes C, compiler. Ethnic minority health: a selected, annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press; c1997. 503 p. A joint publication of the Medical Library Association.

Rudd RE, Colton Tayla, Schacht R, compilers. An overview of medical and public health literature addressing literacy issues: an annotated bibliography [microfiche]. Cambridge (MA): Harvard Graduate School of Education; 2000. 1 microfiche: black & white, 4 x 6 in. Jointly published by the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, Washington.

20. Bibliography with no publisher found

Eide M, compiler. Adult survivors of incest/childhood sexual abuse: a selected, annotated list of books [bibliography]. 3rd ed. Ypsilanti (MI): [publisher unknown]; c1997. 110 p.

21. Bibliography with no place of publication or publisher found

Rykov M, Salmon D, compilers. Bibliography for music therapy in palliative care 1963-1996. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 1996. 15 p.

22. Bibliography with standard date of publication

Shenk D, Sokolovsky J, compilers. Cultural perspectives on aging [bibliography]. Washington: Association for Gerontology in Higher Education; 1997. 8 p.

23. Bibliography with month and year of publication

Reinhardt V, Reinhardt A, compilers. Annotated bibliography on refinement and environmental enrichment for primates kept in laboratories. 8th ed. Washington: Animal Welfare Institute; 2005 Jan. 89 p.

24. Bibliography with multiple years

Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.

25. Bibliography with date of publication estimated

Patton LT, compiler. Community health centers: a working bibliography. Washington: National Association of Community Health Centers; [1989?]. 76 p.

26. Bibliography with no date of publication, but a date of copyright

Bondi K, editor. Chronic fatigue syndrome: overview abstracts and bibliography. New York: Nova Science Publishers; c2003. 236 p.

27. Bibliography with no date of publication or copyright found

Bustad LK, Hegreberg GA, Padgett GA, compilers. Naturally occurring animal models of human disease: a bibliography. Washington: National Academy of Sciences (US), Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources; [date unknown]. 99 p.

28. Bibliography with standard pagination

Brogdon J, Olsen WC, editors. The contemporary and historical literature of food science and human nutrition [bibliography]. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press; c1995. 296 p.

29. Bibliography published in more than one volume

Nation EF, Roland CG, McGovern JP, compilers. An annotated checklist of Osleriana [bibliography]. Montreal (QC): McGill University, Osler Library; 2000. 2 vol.

30. No page numbers on the pages of the bibliography

Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.

31. Bibliography in a series

Mullner RM, Jewell M, compilers. A bibliography of recent works on home health care. Lewiston (NY): Edwin Mellen Press; c2000. 184 p. (Studies in health and human services; vol. 37).

Yuan FL, compiler. A selected bibliography on urbanization in China. Washington: Bureau of the Census (US), Center for International Research; 1991. 182 p. (CIR staff paper; no. 61).

32. Bibliography in a series with series editor's name included

Selden CR, Kelliher R, compilers. Distance education in public health [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2003 Dec. (Patrias K, editor. Current bibliographies in medicine; no. 2003-3). 471 citations from January 1998 through October 2003.

33. Bibliography in a microform

Rudd RE, Colton Tayla, Schacht R, compilers. An overview of medical and public health literature addressing literacy issues: an annotated bibliography [microfiche]. Cambridge (MA): Harvard Graduate School of Education; 2000. 1 microfiche: black & white, 4 x 6 in.

Williams LA, compiler. Family violence and American Indians/Alaska Natives: a report to the Indian Health Service Office of Women's Health [bibliography on microfiche]. [Bethesda (MD)]: Department of Health and Human Services (US), Indian Health Service, Office of Women's Health; 2002 Oct. 96 p. 1 microfiche: black & white, 4 x 6 in.

34. Bibliography with note on number of citations, date range

Zorn MA, Allen MP, Horowitz AM, compilers. Understanding health literacy and its barriers [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2004. 38 p. 651 citations from January 1998 through November 2003.

35. Bibliography that is government sponsored

Kolyada L, compiler. Health systems strengthening and HIV/AIDS: annotated bibliography and resources. Bethesda (MD): Abt Associates; 2004 Mar. 75 p. Contract No.: HRN-C-OO-95-00024. 101 citations from 1995 to 2004. Funded by the US Agency for International Development.

36. Bibliography with availability statement

Cumulative trauma disorders in the workplace: bibliography. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US), Education and Information Division; 1995. 209 p. Available from: US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC; HE 20.7114:T 69.

Guiterrez MK, compiler. Assessing children for the presence of a disability: resources you can use [bibliography]. 2nd ed. Washington: National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (US); 2002. 10 p. Available from: ERIC, Lanham, MD; ED473542.

37. Bibliography accompanied by a CD-ROM, disk, or other medium

Jones R, editor. Bibliography of commonwealth apiculture. London: Commonwealth Secretariat; 2005. 348 p. Accompanied by: 1 CD-ROM.

Sacks JM, Bilaniuk MT, Gendron JM, editors. Bibliography of psychodrama: inception to date. New York: Psychodrama Center of New York; c1995. 129 p. Accompanied by: 2 disks: 3 1/2 in. One disk is for an IBM Personal Computer, the other is for a Macintosh.

38. Bibliography with other supplemental notes

An album of publications of BIRPERHT [bibliography]. Dhaka (Bangladesh): BIRPERHT; 1997. 40 p. (BIRPERHT publication; no. 114). BIRPERHT stands for Bangladesh Institute of Research for Promotion of Essential & Reproductive Health and Technologies.

Beguin Stockli D, compiler. Genitale Verstummelung von Frauen: eine Bibliographie [Female genital mutilation: a bibliography]. Bern (Switzerland): Institut fur Ethnologie der Universitat Bern; 1993. 72 p. German. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; 1996 C-377.

B. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Parts of Bibliographies

The general format for a reference to a part of a bibliography, including punctuation:

Illustration of the general format for a reference to a part of a
bibliography.

Examples of Citations to Parts of Bibliographies

Rather than citing a bibliography as a whole, separately identified portions of a bibliography may be cited. Chapters, sections, appendixes, and the like are considered parts of bibliographies when they are written or compiled by the authors of the bibliography.

Because a reference should start with the individual or organization with responsibility for the intellectual content of the publication, begin a reference to a part of a bibliography with the bibliography itself, then follow it with the information about the part. See Chapter 2C Parts of Books for further details on citing parts.

For instructions on citing one volume of a bibliography published in multiple volumes, see Chapter 2B Individual Volumes of Books (Chapter 2B(1) Individual Volumes With a Separate Title but Without Separate Authors/Editors or Chapter 2B(2) Individual Volumes With a Separate Title and Separate Authors/Editors) and example 7 below.

Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Parts of Bibliographies.

Continue to Examples of Citations to Parts of Bibliographies.

Citation Rules with Examples for Parts of Bibliographies

Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference. An R after the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O after the name means it is optional.

Bibliography (R) | Name and Number/Letter of the Part (R) | Title of the Part (R) | Location (Pagination) of the Part (R)

Bibliography (required)

Cite the bibliography according to Chapter 6A Entire Bibliographies

Name and Number/Letter of the Part for a Bibliography (required)

General Rules for Name and Number/Letter

  • Enter the name of the part, such as Chapter or Appendix
  • Do not abbreviate names. For example, convert Chap. to Chapter.
  • Follow the name with any accompanying number or letter, such as Chapter 12 or Appendix A
  • Use arabic numbers only. For example: convert VI or Six to 6.
  • End name and number/letter information with a comma and a space

Specific Rules for Name and Number/Letter

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Box 56

Non-English names for parts.

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No letter or number follows the name.

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No name appears.

Title of the Part for a Bibliography (required)

General Rules for Title

  • Enter the title of the part as it appears in the bibliography
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • End title information with a semicolon and a space

Specific Rules for Title

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Titles for parts not in English.

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Titles of parts containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or other special character.

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No title appears.

Location (Pagination) of the Part for a Bibliography (required)

General Rules for Location (Pagination)

  • Begin location with "p." followed by a space
  • Enter the page number or numbers on which the part appears. Examples: p. 438 and p. 663-4.
  • Do not repeat page numbers unless they are followed by a letter. For example: 126-127 becomes p. 126-7, but p. 126A-127A is correct.
  • Include a letter (often S for Supplement or A for Appendix) when it precedes the page number. For example: p. S10-8.
  • End page information with a period

Specific Rules for Location (Pagination)

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Roman numerals for page numbers.

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Part paginated separately.

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No page numbers appear on the pages of the part.

Examples of Citations to Parts of Bibliographies

1. A chapter of a bibliography

Haynes C, compiler. Ethnic minority health: a selected, annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press; c1997. Chapter 4, Mental health; p. 21-37.

Teaching hospital costs: an annotated bibliography of the costs of medical education, patient care, and research at teaching hospitals. Washington: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2000. Chapter 3B, The cost of serving low income patients and patients without adequate insurance coverage; p. 55-8.

2. A subject section of a bibliography with number/letter

Velasquez G, Hanvoravongchai P, Boulet P, compilers. Globalization, patents and drugs: an annotated bibliography. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy; c2001. Section 2.6, North America; p. 48-50.

Gordner RL, Tralka TS, compilers. Management of hepatitis C [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), Reference Section; 1997 Feb. [Section] B2, Hepatitis C genotyping; p. 9-14.

3. A subject section of a bibliography without number/letter

Horowitz LM, Schreiber MD, Hare I, Walker VR, Talley AL, editors. Psychological factors in emergency medical services for children: abstracts of the psychological, behavioral, and medical literature, 1991-1998 [bibliography]. Washington: American Psychological Association; c1999. Children's reactions to disasters; p.37-46.

Sleet DA, Hopkins K, compilers and editors. Bibliography of behavioral science research in unintentional injury prevention. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention; 2004. Fires and burns; p. 72-5.

4. An appendix of a bibliography

Clamp CG, Gough S, Land L, compilers. Resources for nursing research: an annotated bibliography. 4th ed. London: Sage Publication, Limited; 2004. Appendix A, Computer programs for design and analysis; p. 338-40.

Selden CR, Humphreys BL, Yasnoff WA, Ryan ME, compilers. Public health informatics [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), Reference section; 2001 Apr. Appendix, Organization and program Internet resources; [1 p.].

5. Other parts of a bibliography

Brogdon J, Olsen WC, editors. The contemporary and historical literature of food science and human nutrition [bibliography]. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press; c1995. Table 4.6, Characteristics of core monographs; p. 140.

Cumulative trauma disorders in the workplace: bibliography. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US), Education and Information Division; 1995. Part 2, Cumulative trauma disorders in the workplace - bibliography; p. 153-208.

6. Part of a bibliography in a language other than English

Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. Capitulo 10, Publicaciones sobre medicina homeopatica; p. 185-8. Spanish.

40 ans de recherche en economie de la sante: bibliographie thematique illustree; retrospective des travaux du CREDES depuis 1954. Paris: Centre de Recherche d'Etude et de Documentation en Economie de la Sante; 1994 Oct. Annexe, Le Centre de Documentation du CREDES; p. 147. French.

Guerrino AA, compiler. Bibliografia historica de la medicina argentina. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Editorial Dunken; 2001. [Photograph], Impreso editado con motivo de la creacion de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en 1821; [preceding p. 13]. Spanish.

with translation

Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX [Uruguayan medical publications of the 18th and 19th centuries]. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. Capitulo 10, Publicaciones sobre medicina homeopatica [Chapter 10, Publications on homeopathic medicine]; p. 185-8. Spanish.

40 ans de recherche en economie de la sante: bibliographie thematique illustree; retrospective des travaux du CREDES depuis 1954 [40 years of research in health economics: illustrated subject bibliography; retrospective work of CREDES since 1954]. Paris: Centre de Recherche d'Etude et de Documentation en Economie de la Sante; 1994 Oct. Annexe, Le Centre de Documentation du CREDES [Appendix, The Resource Center of CREDES]; p. 147. French.

Guerrino AA, compiler. Bibliografia historica de la medicina argentina [Historical bibliography of Argentine medicine]. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Editorial Dunken; 2001. [Photograph], Impreso editado con motivo de la creacion de la Universidad de Buenos Aires en 1821 [Photograph], [Edict published showing the motivation for creation of the University of Buenos Aires in 1821]; [preceding p. 13]. Spanish.

7. One volume of a bibliography

Neu J, editor. Isis cumulative bibliography, 1986-95: a bibliography of the history of science formed from the annual Isis current bibliographies. Vol. 4, Time periods 19th and 20th centuries. Canton (MA): Science History Publications/USA; 1997. p. 623-1362.

Medicine and health in Africa: a bibliography with critical abstracts. Vol. 3, 1987/88. London: Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases; c1988.

Population--education--development in Africa South of the Sahara: a selective annotated bibliography. Vol. 1, Population. Dakar (Senegal): United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; 1978.

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