Description of the different types of therapies used in the family approach

Principle currents Definition
Couple therapy and psychodynamic family therapyCentred on insight and/or affective experiences, analysis of resistances, intertransference movements, interfantasy processes, and access to subconscious processes. They are frequently based on intergenerational or multigenerational approaches.
Ecosystem couple and family therapiesCentred on improvement in communications in the here and now, on paradoxical prescriptions, resistances, symptoms, and tasks, all necessary to take account of the ecosystem. They may take on structural, strategic, or narrative forms, centred on the solution.
Cognitive-behavioural couple and family therapiesCentred on improvement of conduct and cognition, evaluation and suppression of symptoms, reduction in the expression of critical and hostile emotions, stress management, learning skills in social relations.
Family psychoeducationCentred on information relating to problems, diseases, treatments, and adaptation attitudes to take faced with disturbances due to the disease.
Humanist family therapiesCentred on the expectations and personality of the patients, their ability for independence and to choose to maintain the symptoms or separate from them.
Eclectic and integrative family therapiesCentred on adjustment of methods, techniques and theories depending on the requirements of the families and treatment projects.
Family therapies for unwilling familiesCentred on learning social contexts within which the request for care or demand for treatment emerges: the family as a meta-therapist, assisting the therapists.
Behavioural and cognitive multi-family therapiesCentred on information exchange, mutual aid, problem-sharing, and methods of facing up to problems; development of inter-family solidarity.
Psychodynamic psychosocial therapiesCentred on psychodrama inspired from psychoanalysis, role playing, and interpretation of transference.
Behavioural and cognitive psychosocial therapiesCentred on learning social skills, social-occupational rehabilitation, and stress management.

From: Psychotherapy: Three approaches evaluated

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