Table IEtiologies of elevated intra-abdominal pressure

Acute:
Retroperitoneal Originpancreatitis. pelvic or retroperitoneal bleeding, contained abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture, aortic surgery, abscess, visceral edema
Intraperioneal Origininraperitoneal bleeding, free abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture, acute gastric dilatation, bowel obstruction, ileus, mesenteric venous obstruction, pneumoperitoneum, abdominal packing, abscess, visceral edema
Abdominal Wallburn eschar, repair of gastroschisis or omphalocele, reduction of large hernias, military anti-shock garments, laparotomy closure under extreme tension
Chronic:central obesity, ascites, large abdominal tumors, chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, pregnancy

Reprinted with permission from: Saggi BH, Sugerman HJ, Ivatury RR, Bloomfield GL. Abdominal compartment syndrome. J Trauma 1998; 45: 597–609.

From: Abdominal compartment syndrome

Cover of Surgical Treatment
Surgical Treatment: Evidence-Based and Problem-Oriented.
Holzheimer RG, Mannick JA, editors.
Munich: Zuckschwerdt; 2001.
Copyright © 2001, W. Zuckschwerdt Verlag GmbH.

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