Table 2. Behavioral and other risk indicators for HIV infection

Table 2. Behavioral and other risk indicators for HIV infection
Behavioral risks for acquiring HIV infection by sexual transmission:
  • Unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sex with anyone who has risk factors for HIV or with multiple partners
  • Unprotected sex with an infected person
  • A man having oral or anal sex with another man
  • History of exchanging sex for drugs or money
  • Presence of any sexually transmitted disease
  • History of incarceration, with sexual contact with a man
  • Having lived in, or having a sexual partner from, an area where HIV is endemic, such as the Caribbean basin - especially Haiti - and sub-Saharan Africa
Risk indicators for acquiring HIV infection by parenteral transmission:
  • A history of intravenous or injection drug usage, especially if needles or other drug paraphernalia have been shared
  • Recipient of blood or blood product transfusions, especially between 1978 and 1985 (includes hemophiliacs, persons with sickle cell disease, and persons undergoing surgery for trauma or other reasons)
  • Recipients of organ transplants prior to 1985
  • Health care workers exposed to blood or bodily secretions from HIV-infected persons

From: Chapter 9 - Human Immunodeficiency Virus and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Cover of Screening for Infectious Diseases Among Substance Abusers
Screening for Infectious Diseases Among Substance Abusers.
Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 6.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

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