Figure 6-1: Key Linkages

Figure 6-1
Key Linkages
Health Care
  • Screening for Child Abuse and Neglect (SCAN) teams in hospital emergency rooms
  • Health administrators
  • Veterans health care systems
  • Primary care physicians
  • Obstetricians/gynecologists
  • Pediatricians
  • Nurses and nurses assistants
  • Midwives
  • Nurse practitioners in adult, obstetrician/gynecologist, and pediatric settings
  • Physician assistants
  • Public health workers
  • Dentists


  • Emergency medical technicians
  • Medical social workers
  • Home health services
  • Forensic examiners
  • Plastic and maxillofacial surgeons
  • Physical, speech, and occupational therapists
  • Health educators
  • Wellness groups
  • Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Supplemental Food Program specialists
  • Alternative medicine practitioners
  • Health care programs (e.g., infant mortality reduction programs, HIV/AIDS programs, and tuberculosis programs)
Justice System
It is important to understand the operations of the court system in your jurisdiction and to identify the judges who oversee
  • Drug cases
  • Driving Under the Influence (DUI) and Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) infractions
  • Child abuse and child neglect cases
  • Domestic violence violations
  • Custody cases
  • It is also useful to identify experts in the following offices and programs:
  • Probation and parole
  • Legal Aid
  • District Attorney's office


  • Family courts
  • Specialty units of attorneys (e.g., for child abuse and neglect and family violence)
  • Jails and prisons
  • Bail bondsmen
  • Law enforcement (all levels, e.g., sheriffs and police)
  • Pretrial release agencies
  • Public defenders
  • Divorce attorneys
  • Pro bono attorneys
  • Juvenile detention facilities
  • Victim assistance programs
  • Appropriate section of the local Bar Association
Education/Schools
  • School boards
  • School administrators
  • Teachers
  • Teaching assistants
  • School counselors
  • Vocational education and training counselors
  • Guidance counselors
  • Special education specialists (emotional and physical problems)
  • Early intervention specialists
  • School psychologists


  • School social workers
  • School nurses
  • General equivalency diploma (GED) specialists
  • Head Start and child care specialists
  • Physical education teachers and coaches
  • Prevention specialists
  • Parent -- teacher organizations (PTOs)
  • English as a Second Language (ESL) classes
  • Literacy volunteers
Adult Education
  • Night schools
  • Community colleges
  • Senior day care centers


  • Native-American centers
  • Hispanic-American centers
  • Asian-American centers
Employers
  • Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)
  • Human resource administrators


  • Foundation administrators
  • On-the-job counselors and social workers
Social Welfare
  • Foster care (family foster care, relative foster care, and residential foster care, including group homes)
  • Social welfare administrators
  • Social workers
  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
  • Welfare-to-work programs
  • Food stamp programs
  • WIC
  • Child protective services
  • Adult protective services (especially for elderly persons)
  • Head Start
  • Income maintenance


  • Child care programs
  • Transportation subsidy programs
  • Community-based child abuse and neglect prevention services and programs
  • Hotlines
  • Family support programs
  • Community-based family agencies (provide parent education and specialized counseling for children at low or no cost)
  • Family preservation programs
  • Homeless shelters
  • Maternal and child health programs
  • Women's programs
Domestic Violence
  • Hotlines
  • Shelters
  • Child care workers and child advocates
  • Programs for children in violent families
  • Transitional living (homeless) experts
  • Clinicians, public and private (e.g., therapists)
  • Victim services
  • Model programs offering specialized services for sexually abused children


  • Programs for batterers
  • Legal advocacy systems
  • Visitation centers for children
  • Support groups
  • Surveillance systems
  • Abuse and assault hotlines
  • Rape crisis programs
  • College-based date rape programs
  • Survivor support groups
  • Forensic nurse examiners
Mental Health
  • Clinicians (e.g., psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists, and psychiatric nurses)
  • Child guidance centers
  • Mental hospitals and institutions
  • Community-based activity centers for deinstitutionalized persons


  • Group homes and halfway houses
  • Hotlines and crisis centers
  • Hospital inpatient units
  • Hospital outpatient services
  • Community mental health centers
  • Outpatient day services (community mental health day hospitals)
Substance Abuse
  • Residential or inpatient detoxification programs, intensive residential programs, and therapeutic community programs and services (private, public, and combined)
  • Outpatient drug-free, methadone maintenance, and partial-day programs and services (private, public, and combined)
  • Self-help groups (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous, and Rational Recovery)
  • Al-Anon (support groups for families of substance abusers)


  • Prison- or jail-based substance abuse programs
  • DUI and DWI programs
  • Veterans Affairs substance abuse treatment programs
  • Special programs for adolescents, children, and families
  • Special treatment programs for pregnant women or women with dependent children
  • Halfway houses, recovery homes
  • Alcohol and drug prevention programs
  • Community-based coalitions for the prevention of substance abuse
  • EAPs (government and private)
Other Community Resources
  • Governmental and regulatory agencies
  • Funding sources
  • Religious institutions (e.g., churches and synagogues)
  • Community housing programs
  • Recreation programs
  • Neighborhood watch associations
  • Immigrant services
  • Child care programs


  • Transportation programs for persons with developmental and physical disabilities
  • Support groups (e.g., Grandparents as Parents)
  • Fathers' responsibility projects
  • Nutritional centers, food banks
  • Senior citizens' agencies
  • Travelers Aid

From: Chapter 6 -- Linkages: A Coordinated Community Response

Cover of Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence
Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence.
Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 25.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

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