Table 2Commonly performed procedures with the most rapidly increasing hospital inpatient costs among Medicare-covered stays, 2000–2004

Percentage change in:
Principal procedure categoryTotal costs for stays billed to Medicare (2004)Medicare’s share of total costsTotal hospital stays (2004)Total costs (2000–2004)*Total hospital stays (2000– 2004)
Spinal fusion$1,309,950,50027.2%77,300136.5%80.3%
Arthroplasty other than hip or knee$265,846,60057.2%29,00083.8%52.0%
Insertion, revision, replacement, removal of cardiac pacemaker or cardioverter/defibrillator$4,667,976,40072.4%241,40083.5%34.2%
Blood transfusion$2,801,514,80063.8%361,00075.3%59.3%
Nephrotomy and nephrostomy$214,300,30049.7%14,90060.6%38.7%
Arthroplasty knee$3,093,325,00058.8%280,10056.6%43.0%
Enteral and parenteral nutrition$570,176,70051.5%43,70055.3%34.0%
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)$4,896,485,90052.1%366,70048.8%24.5%
Magnetic resonance imaging$418,648,80050.1%51,60044.1%24.1%

2000 costs were adjusted to 2004 dollars using the overall Consumer Price Index.

Source: AHRQ, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2000 and 2004.

From: Procedures with the Most Rapidly Increasing Hospital Costs, 2000–2004

Cover of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs [Internet].

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