TABLE 4-3Comparison of Smoking-Attributable Fraction in 2000, by Sex and Country

CountryMenWomen
Based on Modela
(Ages 50+)
Peto-Lopezb
(Ages 35+)
Based on Modela
(Ages 50+)
Peto-Lopezb
(Ages 35+)
Australia0.180.200.100.11
Austria0.170.190.060.06
Belgium0.29c0.310.04c0.05
Canada0.230.250.170.18
Denmark0.210.250.170.20
Finland0.180.180.040.04
France0.190.210.010.02
Hungary0.300.310.110.12
Iceland0.13N/A0.18N/A
Ireland0.200.220.140.16
Italy0.240.250.040.05
Japan0.200.180.090.06
Netherlands0.270.280.070.10
New Zealand0.170.200.130.15
Norway0.140.170.060.10
Portugal0.110.150.010.01
Spain0.210.250.000.00
Sweden0.090.100.050.07
Switzerland0.170.190.040.06
United Kingdom0.220.230.140.16
United States0.230.240.190.20

NOTE: N/A = data are not available.

a

Estimates based on the model represent the fraction of all deaths at ages 50+.

b

Estimates based on Peto et al. (2006; http://www​.ctsu.ox.ac​.uk/˜tobacco/SMK_P5_6.pdf, accessed June 6, 2010) represent the fraction of all deaths at ages 35+.

c

Estimates for Belgium are based on data for 1999.

SOURCES: Model estimates are based on calculations by authors using data in the Human Mortality Database (accessed November 6, 2009) and the World Health Organization Mortality Database (accessed December 24, 2009). Peto-Lopez estimates were derived from http://www​.ctsu.ox.ac​.uk/˜tobacco/SMK_P5_6.pdf (accessed January 23, 2009). [Weighted estimates for ages 35+ were derived by the authors using data for ages 35-69 and 70+ from this source.]

From: 4, Contribution of Smoking to International Differences in Life Expectancy

Cover of International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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